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Gardening sheet baccharis salicifolia


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Gardening sheet baccharis salicifolia

  1. 1. Mule Fat – Baccharis salicifolia (BACK-uh-ris sal-iss-ih-FO-lee-uh) Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower Family) Native to: California; west to Texas and south to S. America (Chile). Grows in riparian areas and wetlands in coastal regions, deserts and arroyos in hills. Often found in canyon bottoms, streamsides, drainage ditches. Growth characteristics: large woody shrub mature height: 8-10 ft. mature width: 8-10 ft. Multi-stemmed shrub with erects to slightly arching stems. Leaves are long and narrow (“willowlike”) and sticky. Branches rather stiff. Blooms/fruits: Blooms throughout the year, most conspicuously in spring and fall. Flowers are small, pink-white composite flower-heads borne in clusters at ends of branches. Male and female flowers are on separate plants. Small seeds have a fluffy parachute. Uses in the garden: along walls and fences; as a groundcover along banks (roots system bind soil); as a small to medium shrub. Has a fresh, distinctive scent. Used for medicinal purposes and as a building material by Native Californians. Excellent all-round habitat plant. Can use in hedgerow (single species or mixed). Sensible substitute for: large non-native shrubs like Acacia, Photinia, Ligustrum, Oleander. Attracts: butterflies (nectar source); bees; birds (shelter; nest site) Requirements: Element Sun Soil Water Fertilizer Other Requirement Full sun (may tolerate partial shade in hot inland areas) Any texture and pH Does fine with watering but is very drought tolerant None needed Tolerant of salty and alkaline soils; also tolerates heat well Management: Responds well to trimming – can be shaped and trained. May spread if given much summer water, but not as invasive as willows. Fast growing; crowds out undesirable weeds. Propagation: from seed: relatively easy from very fresh seed. Barely cover seeds. by cuttings: easy all year long. Take 12-16 inch hardwood cuttings from 1-2 year old growth. Plant/seed sources (see list for source numbers): 1, 2, 8, 12, 13, 20, 21, 24, 27 11/23/10 © Project SOUND