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Clay soils 3-11

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Native plants for S. CA gardens with clay soils

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Clay soils 3-11

  1. 1. 1 CA Native Plants for Western L.A. County – Plants for Clay Soils I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs * Acer negundo var. californicum Boxelder To 40 ft tall & wide White/Sp FS/PS Any incl. clay 2 to 3 1, 8, 13, 14, 24 Fast-growing * Aesculus californica CA Buckeye 12-30+ ft tall & w White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any well- drained 1 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 * Alnus rhombifolia White Alder 50-75 ft tall 20-40 ft w. Green/Sp FS/PS Any incl. clay 2-3 to 3 3, 6, 8, 13, 14 Tol. flooding X Baccharis salicifolia Mule Fat To 10 ft Pink-white/ all year FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2 ** Ceanothus ‘Ray Hartman’ ‘Ray Hartman’ Ceanothus To 20 ft t 10-15 w Lt. blue/Sp FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 6, 9, 13 Spreading; evergreen; good for garden X * Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Fall color (red, orange); edible fruit, flowers X Cercocarpus montanus var. blancheae/ C. alnifolius/ C. betuloides var. blancheae Birchleaf Mountain Mahogany 6-12 ft tall 4 ft. wide Yellow- white/Sp FS Well- drained 1-2 1, 7, 13 Hedge; evergreen; upright form * Cercocarpus minutiflorus San Diego Mountain Mahogany 8-12 ft tall 8-10 ft w Yellow- white/Sp FS Well- drained 1-2 3, 8, 14, 21 Hedge; evergreen; upright form X Cornus glabrata Brown Dogwood < 18 ft tall to 10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Clay best 2-3 1, 13 * Cupressus forbesii Tecate Cypress 20-30 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Insig FS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 6, 8, 14, 24 Hedge (to 12 ft); fast growth; neat-looking X * Forestiera neomexicana (pubescens) Desert Olive 8-15 ft t 8 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS Any well- drained 1-2 to 2 6, 8 Berries for birds; gray- green foliage X * Garrya elliptica Coastal Silktassel 12 ft tall & wide Cream/W FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 3, 8, 14 Good under oaks; ‘James Roof’ X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w White/Su FS/PS/FSH Any well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Berries toxic in lg. amounts X * Holodiscus discolor Creambush; Ocean Spray 10-20 ft tall White/Su-Fa FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14 Fragrant at a distance
  2. 2. 2 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Juglans californica S. California Walnut 20-40 ft ta Green/Sp FS/PS Clays best 1 1, 7, 12, 13, 14 allelopathic X Lavatera assurgentiflora ssp. glabrata & assurgentiflora Island (Rose) Mallow 8-12 ft tall & wide Magenta/ yr round FS/PS Well- drained 1 1, 2, 13 X Lyonothamnus floribundus ssp. aspleniifolius & floribundus Catalina Ironwood To 50 ft t 15-30 ft w White- yellow/ Sp- Su FS/PS Any well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 7, 9, 13, 14 Evergreen X Malosma laurina Laurel Sumac <18 ft tall and wide White/Sp FS any 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 X * Morella (Myrica) californica California Wax Myrtle 6-30 ft t 10-20 ft w Yellow- white/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any; well- drained best 2-3 to 3 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 14, 19 Evergreen; good for hedges; purple berries * Pinus torreyana Torrey Pine 40-60 ft t 30-50 ft w Insignif/ Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 13, 14, 20 Pine scent Platanus racemosa California sycamore 60-100 ft Bright pink/Sp FS Any but high alkali 2-3 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Can live to 400 yrs; no salt tolerance X Populus balsamifera ssp. trichocarpa Black Cottonwood 30-60 (100 ft) Yellow/Sp FS any 2-3 1, 7, 14 Grows large with abundant water Populus fremontii Fremont’s Cottonwood To 100 ft 80 ft w Yellow/Sp FS Any 2-3 1, 3, 14 Long-lived X * Prunus virginiana var. demissa Western Chokecherry 6-25 ft tall 6-15 ft w Cream/Sp FS/PS Any 2 to 2-3 6, 13 fruits for jelly, bird habitat X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia & lyonii Holly-leaf and Catalina Island Cherries < 50 ft White/Su PS any 1-2 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 X Quercus agrifolia Coastal Live Oak 10-70 f tall 40-70 w. Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Coarse- med. 1 1, 2, 18 Long-lived X Salix laevigata Red Willow 10-30 ft to 45 ft w. Yellow/Sp FS any 1-2; winter flooding 1, 2, 3, 12, 14 ‘weeping’ growth habit Salix lucida ssp. lasiandra Pacific (Shining) Willow 20-40 ft T Yellow/Sp FS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 13, 14 X Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Blue (Mexican) Elderberry 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries
  3. 3. 3 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) X * Amelanchier alnifolia Western Serviceberry 8-15 ft tall 6-12 ft w White/Sp FS/PS Any; well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 6, 8, 10, 13 Ripe berries make sweet jelly/sauce ** Arctostaphylos bakeri ssp. bakeri 'Louis Edmunds' ‘Louis Edmunds’ (Sepentine) Manzanita 5-8 ft tall 8 ft wide Pink/Sp FS Clay fine 1-2 to 2 6, 13, 24 Nice flowers; maroon branches ** Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Howard McMinn' ‘Sentinel’ (Vine Hill) Manzanita 4-8 ft tall 6-10 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 2 to 2-3 1, 3, 13, 14 ** Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Sentinel' ‘Sentinel’ (Vine Hill) Manzanita 5-8 ft tall 3-7 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained incl sand 1-2 6, 8, 13, Good for birds, butterflies; open growth ** Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Harmony' ‘Harmony’ Manzanita 5-8 ft tall 6-10 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS coast/ PS inland Any, incl. clays 1 to 1-2 1, 13 Good bloomer; hardy X Baccharis pilularis Coyote Bush To 8 ft Cream/F FS/PS any 1-2 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 X ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ Pigeon Point Coyote Bush 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-White/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1, 2, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20 X Baccharis plummerae subsp. plummerae Plummer's Baccharis < 7 ft tall Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding ? X * Calycanthus occidentalis Western Spicebush 6-12 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Purple- bronze/ Sp-Su FS/PS Pref.light deep rich 2-3 1, 13, 14 Spicy; wine-like fragrance ** Ceanothus ‘Concha’ Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus X C. impressus ‘Concha’ Ceanothus 4-6 ft. tall & wide Dark Blue/ Sp FS/PS Most 1-2 to 2 3, 6, 8, 9, 14, 24, Alkali & garden tolerant ** Ceanothus impressus x papillosus ‘Dark Star’ ‘Dark Star’ Ceanothus 6-8 ft high 5-8 ft wide Dk blue/ W- Sp FS Any 1-2 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 24 Hedge; best nearer coast X ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ‘Skylark’ ‘Skylark’ Ceanothus 3-6 ft t Lt blue/Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 2 1, 3, 6, 13 X ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus 'Snow Flurry' ‘Snowflurry’ Ceanothus 6-10 ft t 10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS Any well- drained 2 1, 3, 6, 9, 13, 14 Dense; shrubby; fast ** Ceanothus arboreus x thrysiflorus ‘Frosty Blue’ ‘Frosty Blue’ Ceanothus 6-10 ft t 8 ft wide Med blue/ W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained, sandy 2 1, 3, 6, 13 Dense; evergreen; prune or hedge
  4. 4. 4 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes ** Ceaonothus ‘Julia Phelps’ ‘Julia Phelps’ Ceanothus 4-8 ft tall 7-9 ft wide Dk. Blue/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 6, 13, Dense; evergreen ** Ceanothus ‘Blue Jeans’ ‘Blue Jeans’ Ceanothus 6 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2 3, 6, X Dendromecon harfordii Channel Island Tree Poppy 8 ft tall 4 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp FS Any well- drained 1-2 1, 9, 13, 14, 19 Showy; blue- green foliage X * Holodiscus discolor Creambush; Ocean Spray 10-20 ft tall White/ Su-Fa FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14 Fragrant at a distance X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii Nevin’s Barberry 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 Edible berries; good bird habitat X Malacothamnus fasciculatus Chaparral Mallow To 12 ft t 4-6 ft wide Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 13, 19 ‘Casitas’ good for gardens X * Philadelphus lewisii CA Mock Orange 4-10 ft tall & wide White/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any, incl clays 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14, 19 Very fragrant X * Rhamnus californica California Coffeeberry 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars Buff/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Eve Case', 'Mound San Bruno' smaller X * Rhamnus crocea Redberry Buckthorn 3-6 ft tall 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 20 Pretty fruits; birds X * Rhamnus ilicifolia Holly-leaf Redberry 12 ft tall 5-6 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2 1, 10, 12-14, 20, 21 Nice hedge plant’ holly-like leaves X Rhus integrifolia Lemonadeberry 2-10 ft 3-20 ft w. Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 1, 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Edible fruits X Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Any well- drained; Birds eat berries X Salix exigua Narrow-leaf Willow 6-15 ft 12-15 ft.w. Yellow/Sp FS/PS any 1-2; winter flooding 1, 2, 3, 14 Spreading via roots Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs Adenostoma fasciculatum Chamise 3-10 ft tall 3-6 ft wide White/Sp-Su FS any 1-2 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 * Arctostaphylos edmundsii Little Sur Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14 Cultivars: ‘Greensphere’ * Arctostaphylos hookeri Hooker’s Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 13 Cultivars ‘Sunset’, ‘Wayside’, ‘Ken Taylor’ X Artemisia californica Coastal Sagebrush 3-6 ft tall Gold/Su FS Well- drained 1 1, 7-10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Canyon Gray'
  5. 5. 5 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Baccharis emoryi Emory Baccharis 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Salt tolerant X ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point Dwarf’ Dwarf Pigeon Point Coyote Bush 6-12 ft T to 10 ft W Buff-Wht/ Su-F FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 Winter flooding 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 20, 24 X * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium Oregon Grape < 6 ft Yellow/Sp PS any 2-3 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Incl. ‘Golden Abundance’, ‘Ken Hartman’ * Chrysothamnus nauseosus Rabbitbush 2-5 ft tall & wide Yellow/Su-F FS any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 13, 16 Insect-eaters X Dendromecon rigida Bush Poppy 4-8 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Keep clay soils quite dry X Diplacus aurantiacus ssp. aurantiacus Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft Orange/ W-Sp FS/PS Sandy 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, X Encelia californica CA Bush Sunflower 2-5 ft Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Good winter color X Epilobium canum (Zauschneria californica) CA Fuschia 1-3 ft Orange/F FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding X * Eriogonum crocatum Conejo Buckwheat 1 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Yellow/Sp- Su FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 14, 19 X Eriogonum fasciculatum California Buckwheat 1-3 ft tall 3-6 ft wide Pink/Sp-F FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 'Dana Point' tight, compact; ‘Bruce Dickinson’ - prostrate X Eriogonum giganteum vars. formosum, giganteum St. Catherine’s Lace 3-6 ft Pink-white/ Su FS/PS Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 13, 14, 16, 19 Don’t plant near native buckwheats X Eriogonum parvifolium Coastal Buckwheat 2-4 ft Pink-creme/ Su + FS/PS/ FSH Any well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 3, 10, 13, 14, 16 X Grindelia camporum var. bracteosa Bracted Gumplant 2-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Yellow/Su Fs Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Tolerates salty, alkali soils X Lepechinia fragrans Fragrant Pitcher Sage 3-6 ft tall & wide Lavender/Sp FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 ‘El Tigre’ X Lupinus albifrons var. albifrons Silver Bush Lupine 3-4 ft tall & wide Purple/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 7, 8, 10, 13, 16, 19 ? var X Malacothamnus clementinus San Clemente Is. Bush Mallow 2-4 ft tall to 8 ft wide Light pink/ Sp FS Any 1 to 1-2 1, 13
  6. 6. 6 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Rhus trilobata Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft Yellow- green/Sp PS any 1-2 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 X Ribes californicum var. hesperium Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) Birds eat berries X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 12, 14 Birds eat berries X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Birds eat berries X Ribes speciosum Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 12- 14, 19 X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum Red-flowering Currant 4-10 ft Pink/Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 X Rosa californica California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS/FSH any 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding Rubus ursinus (ssp. ?) Pacific Blackberry 2-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 7, 12, 13, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding Salvia brandegeei ‘Pacific Blue’ ‘Pacific Blue’ Sage 3-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Med. Blue/ W-Sp FS Any 1-2 3, 13 X * Salvia clevelandii Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 2-5 ft Purple/lav. Sp-Su FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Cultivars: ‘Betsy Clebsch’, ‘Compacta’, ‘Winifred Gilman’, X Salvia leucophylla Purple Sage 3- 5 ft Lavender/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16,18, 19 Nice scent X Salvia mellifera Black Sage 3-5 ft Light purple/Sp FS Well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18, 19 X Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Common Snowberry 3-5 ft, spreading White/Sp PS Clays, loams 2-3 7, 9, 13, 19 Fruit may be toxic to humans X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry 2-4 ft tall & wide Pink/W-Sp PS/FSH any 2-3 to 3 13, 14 mulch X Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea Hoary Nettle 3-6 ft tall spreading Pink/Sp-F PS Rich soils ok 2-3 1, 10, 13, 16 Serious allergy on contact * Viguiera laciniata San Diego Sunflower 1-2 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS any 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16
  7. 7. 7 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Perennial Vines X Calystegia macrostegia California Morning Glory To 30+ ft White/Sp-F PS FS coastal Well- drained 2-3 1, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 Invasive; can look weedy; ‘Anacapa Pink’; ‘Candycane’ X * Clematis lasiantha Chaparral Clematis 8-20 ft vine White/Sp- Su; sep. m/f plants FS (top) PS (roots) any 1-2 to 2 1, 6, 8, 13 Winter decid.; tolerates flooding X Clematis ligusticifolia Virgin’s Bower To 15 ft White/Su PS/FSH Any 2-3 to 3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 X Keckiella cordifolia Climbing Penstemon 3-4 ft Red-Or/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1-2 1, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14 X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 2-3 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates seasonal flooding X * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry 3-5 ft Yellow/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 2-3 3, 7, 13, 19 X Lonicera subspicata var. denudate & subspicata Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles 3-8 ft Cream/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Edible fruit X ** Vitis californica ‘Roger’s Red’ ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 8, 13 X Vitis girdiana Desert Grape > 25 ft White/Su PS any 2-3 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Perennial Groundcover Plants X Achillea millefolia Yarrow 1-2 ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 most Alkali soils fine * Adenostema fasciculatum var. prostratum Prostrate Chamise < 2 ft 3-4 ft wide Cream/Su FS Any incl. clays 1 to 1-2 1, 13, 14 ‘Nicolas’ X ** Arctostaphylos edmundsii ‘Carmel Sur’ Carmel Sur Manzanita 1 ft tall to 20 ft w Pink/Sp FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 3, 6, 13, 19 Good for Coastal areas; fast growth ** Arctostaphylos hookeri ‘Monterey Carpet’ Monterey Carpet Manzanita 1 ft high 5+ ft wide White/Sp PS Sandy best 1-2 1, 3, 6, 13 ** Arctostaphylos hookeri X A. pajaroensis ‘Sunset’ ‘Sunset’ Manzanita 3-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Pink/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 9, 13, Tolerates heat; compact
  8. 8. 8 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X ** Arctostaphylos uva- ursi ‘Point Reyes’ Point Reyes Manzanita <1 ft tall to 10 ft Pink/Sp PS Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 16, 19 ** Arctostaphylos ‘John Dourley’ John Dourly Manzanita 2-3 ft tall to 8 ft wide Pink/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 16, 19 X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Cream/Su PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Tolerates flooding ** Artemisia ludoviciana ‘Silver King’, ‘Silver Queen’, 'Valerie Finnis' White Sagebrush (Western Mugwort) cultivars 2-3 ft tall 3-4 ft wide Cream/ Sp-F FS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 3, 8, 13, 14 Dies back in winter X **Artemisia pycnocephala ‘David’s Choice’) Beach Sagewort / Sandhill Sage 1-2 ft. tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Su FS/PS Sandy best 1-2 1, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 18 ‘ ** Aster chilensis ‘Point St. George’ Point St. George Coast Aster 1-3 ft tall spreading Lavender/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 1, 8, 11, 13 Good habitat plant Baccharis douglasii Marsh Baccharis < 3 ft White/Su-F FS/PS Any incl. clays 2-3 1, 13 ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Pigeon Point’ Pigeon Point Dwarf Coyote Bush 2 ft tall 6-8 ft wide White-gold/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any incl. clays 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 16 Light green leaves; good for coastal region ** Baccharis pilularis ‘Twin Peaks 2’ Twin Peaks Dwarf Coyote Bush 1-3 ft tall to 10 ft w White/F FS/PS Any incl. clays 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13 Small dark leaves; can shear to size * Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium var. repens Creeping Oregon Grape 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Good habitat; edible berries ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Good habitat; edible berries ** Ceanothus ‘Dark Star’ Dark Star Ceanothus To 6+ ft To 6 ft Dk. Blue/ W-Sp FS Well- drained - to +/- 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 19 C. impressus X papillosus * Ceanothus gloriosus Point Reyes Ceanothus 1-2 ft tall to 8 ft wide Lt. blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS Well- drained; sandy 2-3 3 Dense foliage; holly-like ** Ceanothus gloriosus ‘Anchor Bay’ Anchor Bay Ceanothus < 1 ft tall to 8 ft wide Dk blue/Sp FS (coast) / PS any 1-2 to 2-3 8, 9, 19 Dense, compact ** Ceanothus gloriosus ‘Heart’s Desire’ Heart’s Desire Ceanothus 1-3 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Dk blue/ FS (coast) / PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 8 X * Ceanothus griseus horizontalis Carmel Creeper Ceanothus 1-3 ft tall 5-15 ft w Lt. blue/ FS/PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 ** Ceanothus griseus horizontalis ‘Yankee Point’ Yankee Point Ceanothus To 4-5 ft To 10 ft Med. Blue/ FS (coast) / PS Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13, 19 Best near coast; fast grower
  9. 9. 9 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes ** Ceanothus griseus 'Kurt Zadnik' Kurt Zadnick Ceanothus 3-4 ft 8-10 ft Dk purple/ FS Any 1-2 to 2 13 More reliable than ‘Yankee Point’ * Ceanothus hearstiorum Hearst’s Ceanothus 1 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Blue/W-Sp PS Any incl clays 1 to 1-2 3, 7, 8, 16, 19 Sticky; mat- like; best near coast ** Ceanothus thyrsiflorus ‘Skylark’ Skylark Ceanothus 4-5 ft tall 4-7 ft wide Med Blue/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 6, 8, 13, 19 Quite shade & water toleratant ** Ceanothus ‘Wheeler Canyon’ Wheeler Canyon Ceanothus 4-6 ft tall to 8 ft wide Dk Blue/Sp FS/PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 6, 8, 9, 11, 19 Dark leaves; ? Ceanothus papillosus var. roweanus hybrid X * Clinopodium (Satureja) chandleri San Miguel Savory 1-2 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Sp PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 14 minty X Clinopodium (Satureja) douglasii Yerba buena < 6 in spreading White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 7, 13, 14 X Epilobium canum (Zauschneria californica) including all cultivars CA Fuschia 1-3 ft 3-5 ft wide Orange/F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Tolerates winter flooding X ** Erigeron glaucus ‘Bountiful’ Bountiful Seaside Daisy < 1 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Lavender/ Sp-Su PS best Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 8, 9, Green foliage; large flowers X ** Erigeron glaucus ‘Sea Breeze’ Seaside Daisy 1 ft tall 2 ft wide Lavernder/ Sp-Fa FS/PS/FSH Well- drained 1-2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13, 14 Attractive flowers, foliage; habitat X ** Erigeron glaucus 'Wayne Roderick' Wayne Roderick Daisy < 1 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Lavender- blue/Sp-F FS/ PS (hot) Well- drained 1-2; 2-3(sun) 1, 3, 6, 8 Silvery foliage; butterfly nectar X * Fragaria chiloensis ssp. pacifica (and cultivars) (Pacific) Coast Strawberry < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Let dry between waterings; edible fruit * Fragaria vesca (californica) CA/Wood Strawberry < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 13, 20 Edible fruit X * Heuchera maxima (incl. many cultivars & hybrids) Island Alumroot 1- 3 ft White/Spr PS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 7, 8, 13, 14 X * Heuchera micrantha Crevice Alumroot 1-3 ft Pink/Spr PS/PS/ FSH See note 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8 Well-drained soil X * Iva hayesiana San Diego Marsh Elder 2-4 ft tall 4-6 ft wide Yellow/Su FS/PS/ FSH Any, incl. clays 1 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13
  10. 10. 10 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Malacothamnus clementinus San Clemente Is. Bush Mallow 2-4 ft tall to 8 ft wide Light pink/Spr FS Any 1 to 1-2 1, 8, 13 X ** Monardella villosa ‘Russian River’ Coyote Mint 1-2 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Pink/Spr-Su PS Well- drained 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 X Ribes viburnifolium Catalina Perfume 1-3 ft Pink/ PS/FSH Well- drained best 2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 20 X Ranunculus californicus California Buttercup < 2 ft Yellow/ PS sandy 2-3 to 3 Pac Coast Seed Very well- drained soils X * Salvia clevelandii ‘Compacta’ Compact Fragrant (Chaparral) Sage 3 ft tall & wide Lavender/ Spr-Su FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 ? Showy X Salvia leucophylla ‘Point Sal’ & ‘Point Sal Spreader’ Point Sal Sage 2-3 ft tall 8-10 ft w Pink-violet/ Spr-Su FS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 13, 19 Dense, evergreen; fast- growing; aromatic * Salvia sonomensis Creeping Sage 1-2 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Med. Blue/ Sp PS best Well- drained 1 to 1-2 3, 8, 13, 14 Silver-green foliage; inland; ‘Mrs. Beard’ X Salvia spathacea Hummingbird Sage 1-3 ft Magenta/Spr PS/FSH Any 1-2 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 Cut back yearly Stachys albens Whitestem Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-3 ft White/Spr- Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 12 X Stachys bullata California Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-4 ft Pink/Spr-Su PS Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 7, 12, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Stachys rigida var. rigida (Stachys ajugoides) Rigid Woodmint (Hedgenettle) 1-2 ft Pink/Spr-Su FS/PS Clay 2-3 to 3 1, 13 Herbaceous Perennials X Anemopsis californica Yerba Mansa 1 ft tall & wide White/Sp-Su PS/FSH Any incl clay 2 to 3 3, 10, 14, 16 Tolerates flooding X * Antirrhinum multiflorum Rose Snapdragon 2-3 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp-Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 13 Showy flowers X * Aquilegia formosa Western Columbine 1-2 ft Red- yellow/Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2 to 3 1, 3, 5, 13, 14, 16, 19, 20 X Artemisia douglasiana Mugwort 2-4+ ft tall & wide Crème/Su PS Well- drained 1-2 to 2-3 3, 5, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 Tolerates seasonal flooding
  11. 11. 11 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf Milkweed 2-3 ft Cream- pink/Su FS/PS Sandy 1-2 1, 3, 10, 14 Needs seasonal flooding X Asclepias speciosa Showy Milkweed 2-3 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Pink/Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 2, 8, 19 Tol. Flooding; Monarch host plant; silvery X Diplacus aurantiacus ssp. aurantiacus Bush Monkeyflower 2-3 ft Orange/W- Spr FS/PS Sandy 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, Diplacus (Mimulus) linearis Chaparral Bush Monkey Flower 2-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/W- Spr FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 3, 10, 13 X *Erigeron glaucus Seaside Daisy ½ ft Lavernder/ Sp-Fa FS/PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 13, 14 Attractive flowers, foliage X * Eriogonum grande var. rubescens Red Buckwheat 1-2 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Red-pink/ Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 5, 7, 8, 14 Tol. moderate salt, alkali soils Erysimum capitatum var. capitatum Western Wallflower 1-3 ft 1-2 ft wide Yellow-Or/ W-Sp FS Well- drained 1-2 to 2 13 X Erysimum insulare ssp. suffrutescens Dune Wallflower 1-3 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Yellow/W-Sp FS/PS Sandy 1-2 to 2-3 1, 2, 10 Euthamia occidentalis Western Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall Yellow/Su-F FS Any 2 to 3 13, 16 Butterfly plant; can be invasive X Galium angustifolium ssp. angustifolium Narrowleaf Bedstraw 1-3 ft tall & wide White/Spr PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 12, 14, 16 X Grindelia camporum Large Gumplant 2-3 ft tall 3-5 ft wide Yellow/ Sp-Fa FS Well- drained 1-2 1, 2, 6, 12, 16 Spreading Grindelia hirsutula var. hirsutula Hairy Gumplant 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 10 Butterfly plant Heracleum lanatum Cow Parsnip 4-5 ft tall 3-4 ft wide White/Sp PS Any 2 to 3 1, 5, 8, 13 Butterfly plant; showy flowers *Lobelia dunnii var. serrata Dunn’s Lobelia 1 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Blue/Su-Fa PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 6, 8, 13 Toxic *Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Red/Sp-Su FS/PS/ FSH any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 13, 19 Toxic X Mimulus cardinalis Scarlet Monkeyflower To 3 ft Red/Sp-Fa FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16, 19 easy X Mimulus guttatus Seep Monkeyflower 1-5 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Mimulus moschatus (var. moniliformis) Musk Monkeyflower 1 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 8 leaves: boiled as greens
  12. 12. 12 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X * Monardella macrantha Red Monardella 1-2 ft tall & wide Red/Su-F PS best Any; no alkali 2-3 1, 6, 8, 13, 14, 19 Hummingbird plant; scented; ‘Marion Sampson’ X * Monardella villosa (ssp. subserrata) Coyote Mint 1 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS Well- drained soil best 1-2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 * Penstemon centranthifolius Scarlet Bugler 1-3 ft OR-Red/ Sp-Su FS Well- drained 1 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 May be difficult X Penstemon heterophyllus Foothill Penstemon 1-2 ft Purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS sandy 1 to 1-2 14 Keep clay soils quite dry; many blooms * Penstemon laetus Gay Penstemon 1-3 ft Lavender/ Sp-Su FS/PS Any 1 to 1-2 1, 13 Keep clay soils quite dry X Pseudognaphalium californicum California Everlasting 2-4 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clay 1-2 1, 2, 10, 13, 16 Sweet-scented foliage X Pseudognaphalium canescens ssp. beneolens Wooly Everlasting 1-2 ½ ft White/Sp-Su FS/PS Any, incl. clay 1-2 1, 16 Spreads; gray foliage X Scrophularia californica ssp. floribunda CA Bee Plant 2-3 ft Red/Spr PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 16 Afternoon shade X Sidalcea malviflora ssp. malviflora Dwarf Checker Mallow To 1 ½ ft Pink- lavender/ FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 8, 13, 19 Solanum americanum American Black Nightshade 2-3 ft tall White/Sp-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Berries very poisonous Solanum douglasii White (Douglas’) Nightshade 2-5 ft tall White/Sp-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 14 Berries very poisonous Solanum xanti Purple (Chaparral) Nightshade 2-4 ft tall Purple/Sp- Su FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13 Berries very poisonous X Solidago californica California Goldenrod 2-4 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 7, 10, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding Solidago spectabilis var. confinis Southern Goldenrod 3-6 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2-3 10 Tolerates seasonal flooding * Thalictrum fendleri var. polycarpum Mountain Meadowrue 3-5 ft tall 2-3 ft wide White/Su PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 10, 12-14, 19 Well-drained soils X Urtica dioica ssp. holosericea Hoary Nettle 4-6 ft tall spreading Green/Su FS/PS Any 2 to 2-3 10, 16 Invasive; skin allergies
  13. 13. 13 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Herbaceous Annuals & Biennials (also short-lived perennials usually grown as annuals) – no water after flowering Nearly all CA annual wildflowers do fine in heavy clay soils. Cacti and Succulents X Dudleya lanceolata Lance-leaf Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Yellow- Orange/ Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14, 15 Dudleya pulverulenta (ssp. pulverulenta) CA Chalk Dudleya < 2 ft & wide Pink-Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 14, 19 With good drainage Dudleya virens ssp. Hassei & insularis Bright Green Dudleya 1-2 ft tall & wide Orange/ Sp-Su FS/PS Well- drained 1 to 1-2 1, 7, 13, 14 X * Sedum spathulifolium Broadleaf Stonecrop < 1 ft tall spreading Yellow/Su-F FS/PS Any 2 to 3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13 San Gabriels Ferns and Fern-like Plants Adiantum capillus- veneris Common Maidenhair 1-3 ft tall & wide none PS/FSH Well- drained 2-3 to 3 7, 13 X Polypodium californicum CA Polypody < 1 ft tall spreading none PS/FSH Any 1 to 1-2 6, 7, 13, 14, 19, 20 Good under oaks; containers Woodwardia fimbriata Giant Chain Fern 5-6 ft tall 3-9 ft wide none PS/FSH Any; not alkali 2-3 to 3 3, 8, 13, 14, 19 Grows in seeps in wild Bulbs and Corms X Bloomeria crocea var. crocea Golden Stars 1-2 ft Yellow/Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 1 1, 8, 10, 13, 16 Fine in grass X Brodiaea jolonensis (B. terrestris) Harvest Brodiaea 1-2 ft Purple/ Sp-Su FS Any, incl. clays 1 1, 8, 20 X Calochortus albus White Fairy Lantern 1 ft tall <1 ft wide White-pink/ Sp-Su FS/PS Clays best 1 1, 8, 13, 19, 20 X Calochortus catalinae Catalina Mariposa Lily 1 ft tall <1 ft wide White- purple/Sp FS Clays best 1 1, 8, 13, 20 Fine in grass X Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum Wavyleaf Soap Plant 1-2 ft tall & wide White/Su FS/PS Any; well- drained 1-2 1, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 19 Good under oaks X Dichelostemma capitatum Blue Dicks/Wild Hyacinth < 2 ft Blue/Sp FS/PS well- drained 1 1, 2, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 X Fritillaria biflora var. biflora Chocolate Lily 1-2 ft tall Brown/Sp FS/PS Any; best in clay 1 1, 8, 13, 20 Fine in grass
  14. 14. 14 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Iris douglasiana Douglas iris 1-2 ft Purple/Sp PS Any 1 to 2 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16 Drought tolerant if mulched X Ranunculus californicus California Buttercup < 2 ft Yellow/ Sp-Su PS sandy 1-2 to 3 1, 13 Very well- drained soils X Sisyrinchium bellum Western Blue-eyed Grass 1-2 ft Purple- yellow/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Grasses and Grass-like Plants (rushes, sedges) X * Bouteloua gracilis Blue Gramma 1-2 ft tall Warm-seas. Perennial bunch/sod FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10, 13, 16 X Bromus carinatus California Brome 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS Any 1-2 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 Cover; cultivars ‘Deborah’; ‘Luval’ X * Calamagrostis foliosa Leafy (Mendocino) Reed Grass 1-2 ft tall & wide cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Nice foliage color X * Calamagrostis nutkaensis Pacific Reed Grass 3-4 ft tall & wide cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS Well- drained 2-3 to 3 1, 4, 5, 8, 13 Can plant densely X * Carex barbarae Santa Barbara Sedge 1-2 ft tall to 3 ft w Evergreen sod sedge FS/PS Any 2 to 3 3, 8, 13, 16 May be invasive (containerize) X Carex praegracilis Clustered Field Sedge/CA Meadow Sedge 1-2 ft tall Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS Clays best 2-3 1, 2, 4, 7, 13 X * Carex spissa San Diego Sedge 2-4 ft tall 2-3 ft wide Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS/FSH Clays best 1 to 3 1, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13 Substitute for Pampas Grass X Carex tumulicola Berkeley Sedge 2 ft tall & wide Cool-season, sod sedge FS/PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 6, 7, 8, 9, 13 Cyperus eragrostis Umbrella Sedge/ Tall Flat-sedge 2-4 ft tall clumping Warm- season, sod sedge FS.PS any 1-2 to 3 7, 10, 13 Cyperus odoratus Fragrant Flat- sedge 1-3 ft tall Warm-seas., annual sedge FS/PS any 1-2 to 3 ? X * Danthonia Californica California Oatgrass 2-3 ft tall Cool-season perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 2 to 3 6, 8, 10 Evergreen; tolerates walking; good for small areas X * Deschampsia holciformis (D. cespitosa ssp. hociformis) Pacific Hairgrass 1-3 ft tall Cool-season perennial bunchgrass FS any 2-3 to 3 5, 8, 10, 13, 16 Salt-tolerant
  15. 15. 15 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Eleocharis palustris Common Spikerush 1-2 ft tall spreading Cool-season, sod sedge FS Any 1-2 to 3 1, 2, 7, 10, 13, 16 X Elymus glaucus Blue (Western) Wildrye 2-4 ft tall 1-2 ft wide Cool-season bunchgrass PS/FSH Any; not shallow 1-2 to 2-3 3, 4, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 Salt-sensitive; coarse-looking; re-seeds well Equisetum hyemale subsp. affine Common Horsetail 2-4 ft tall 1-6 ft w Perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 2, 3, 4, 8 Will grow in standing water; contain X Equisetum laevigatum Smooth Horsetail 2-5 ft tall spreading Perennial FS Clays best 2-3 to 3 8 X * Festuca californica CA Fescue <1-2 ft tall 1-3 ft wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 ‘Phil’s Silver’, 'Horse Mountain Green', 'Serpentine Blue' X * Festuca idahoensis Blue Bunchgrass < 1 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunchgrass FS/PS any 2 to 3 1, 5, 7, 10, 13, 16, 19, 20 ‘Siskiyou Blue’ is best for clay X Hordeum brachyantherum ssp. californicum CA Meadow Barley 1-2 ft tall & wide Cool-season bunch FS any 1-2 to 2-3 16 (other vars./ unk at 5, 10, 13) Good for erosion control X * Juncus effusus Bog/Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Perennial rhizome rush FS/PS Any; sandy best 1-2 to 3 1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 13, 14 Good around pools; ‘Quartz Creek’ X Juncus patens Common Rush 1-3 ft tall & wide Spreading/ bunching perennial rush FS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 3, 8, 9, 12, 13, 19 ‘Carmen’s Gray’ is blue-gray X Juncus textilis Basket Rush 3-5 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Spreading/ bunching perennial rush FS/PS Any 2-3 to 3 1, 14 Showy; Good for wet planter, pondside X Juncus xiphioides Iris-leaf rush 1 ½ ft tall spreading Spreading rush FS/PS Any 1-2 to 3 2, 3, 8, 13, 16 Best in contained places if watered X ** Leymus condensatus ‘Canyon Prince’ Giant Rye Grass 4-6 ft tall & wide Warm season perennial FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 9, 10, 12, 16 ‘Canyon Prince’ is low-growing X Leymus triticoides Creeping Wild Rye < 3 ft tall spreading Cool-season perennial sod-grass; light mow FS/PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 5, 10, 14, 16 Great vernal swale; cultivars ‘Yolo’, ‘Rio’, ‘Gray Dawn’
  16. 16. 16 I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes X Melica imperfecta Coastal Melic Grass 1-2 ft tall 1 ft wide Cool season bunchgrass PS Any 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 19 X * Muhlenbergia rigens Deergrass 2-4 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS Any 1-2 3, 4, 5, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 Tolerates seasonal flooding X Nassella cernua Nodding Needlegrass 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 X Nassella lepida Foothill Needlegrass 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16 X * Nassella pulchra Purple Needlegrass 2-3 ft tall & wide Perennial bunchgrass FS/PS any 1 to 1-2 3, 5, 10, 13, 14, 16, 3/12/2011 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet available on-line : http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants_17.html * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ** light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade + Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn)

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