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Western Los Angeles County and Other CA Native Plants Attract Fruit-eating Birds
Size

Flower/
season

7-10 ft tall
& wide...
I

X

Scientific Name

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

Sambucus nigra ssp.
cerulea

Blue (Mexican)
Elderberry

8-25+ ft...
I

X

Scientific Name

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

Light**

Soil

Ribes aureum var.
gracillimum

Golden Currant

To...
I

Scientific Name

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

Light**

Soil

Water
Zone+

Availability

Notes

Perennial Vines
X ...
Scientific Name

Common Name

Size

Flower/
season

** Arctostaphylos
‘Wood’s Compact’

Wood’s Compact
Manzanita

< 1 ft t...
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Berries for birds-3-11

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Berries for birds-3-11

  1. 1. Western Los Angeles County and Other CA Native Plants Attract Fruit-eating Birds Size Flower/ season 7-10 ft tall & wide White/ Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 ‘Dr. Hurd’ Manzanita To 15 ft t 10 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS Welldrained 1 to 1-2 X * Cercis occidentalis Western Redbud 6-20 ft tall 10-15 ft w Magenta/ Sp FS/PS Any incl clay 1-2 to 2-3 Comarostaphylis X diversifolia ssp. planifolia Summer Holly < 18 ft tall White/Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1 X Cornus glabrata Brown Dogwood < 18 ft tall to 10 ft w White/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Clay best 2-3 Desert Olive 8-15 ft t 8 ft wide Yellow/Sp FS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2 X * Garrya elliptica Coastal Silktassel 12 ft tall & wide Cream/W FS/PS Any welldrained 1 to 1-2 X * Garrya fremontii Fremont’s Silktassel 5-15 ft tall 8-10 ft w Cream/W FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 to 2 8, 13 X * Garrya veatchii Canyon Silk Tassel Bush 6-15 ft tall 6-8 ft wide Cream/ WSp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2 1, 13 X Heteromeles arbutifolia Toyon 6-10 ft + 4-6 ft w White/Su * Morella (Myrica) X californica California Wax Myrtle 6-30 ft t 10-20 ft w Western Chokecherry Holly-leaf and Catalina Island Cherries I Scientific Name Common Name Trees and Tree-like Large Shrubs Big-berry X * Arctostaphylos glauca Manzanita ** Arctostaphylos manzanita ‘Dr Hurd’ X * Forestiera neomexicana (pubescens) X * Prunus virginiana var. demissa X Prunus ilicifolia ssp. ilicifolia & lyonii Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1, 3, 8, 12-14 20, 24 Blue-green foliage; ‘Canyon Blush’ is 4 ft. tall 13 Evergreen; good in gardens 1, 3, 5, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 Fall color (red, orange); edible fruit, flowers 10, 14, 16 1, 13 6, 8 3, 8, 14 1-2 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 Any; we;;drained best 2-3 to 3 3, 5, 7, 9, 13, 14, 19 FS/PS Any 2 to 2-3 6, 13 PS any 1-2 FS/PS/FSH Any welldrained Yellowwhite/Sp FS/PS/ FSH 6-25 ft tall 6-15 ft w Cream/Sp < 50 ft White/Su 1, 7, 9, 12, 13, 14, 19 Berries for birds; graygreen foliage Good under oaks; 'Evie', ‘James Roof’ Tolerates some heat; need male, female Evergreen; silvery; need male, female Berries loved by birds Evergreen; good for hedges; purple berries fruits for jelly, bird habitat Birds love fruit 1
  2. 2. I X Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Sambucus nigra ssp. cerulea Blue (Mexican) Elderberry 8-25+ ft White/Sp-Su Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Edible berries FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 FS Clay fine 1-2 to 2 6, 13, 24 Nice flowers; maroon branches 1, 13, 14 Well-drained soil Large Shrubs (> 6 ft tall; including those for screens and hedges) ** Arctostaphylos bakeri ssp. bakeri 'Louis Edmunds' Arctostaphylos X catalinae ** Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Howard McMinn' ** Arctostaphylos densiflora 'Sentinel' ** Arctostaphylos densiflora x bakeri 'Baby Bear' & 'Mama Bear' ‘Louis Edmunds’ (Sepentine) Manzanita 5-8 ft tall 8 ft wide Pink/Sp Catalina Manzanita 6-18 ft tall 5-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any welldrained 1-2 to 2-3 ‘Sentinel’ (Vine Hill) Manzanita 4-8 ft tall 6-10 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Any, incl. clays 2 to 2-3 ‘Sentinel’ (Vine Hill) Manzanita 5-8 ft tall 3-7 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained incl sand 1-2 ‘Baby Bear’ & ‘Mama Bear’ Manzanitas 5-8 ft tall 3-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS Welldrained ** Arctostaphylos 'Austin Griffith' ‘Austin Griffith’ Manzanita 6-10 ft tall 4-8 ft wide Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Welldrained; sandy * Frangula/Rhamnus californica California Coffeeberry 6-12 ft t & wide; short cultivars Buff/Sp FS/PS Any X Lycium californicum California Boxthorn 4-12 ft tall 4-10 ft w Wht-purple/ Sp-Su FS/PS Sandy/ rocky best X Lycium hassei Catalina Boxthorn To 8 ft To 10 ft White/ FS Nevin’s Barberry 3-8+ ft tall 6-12 ft w Yellow/Sp FS/PS Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1 to 1-2 Yellow/Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any 1-2 to 2 Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 Pink/Sp FS/PS any 1-2 X X Mahonia (Berberis) nevinii X * Rhamnus crocea Redberry Buckthorn X * Rhamnus ilicifolia Holly-leaf Redberry X Rhus integrifolia Lemonadeberry X Rhus ovata Sugar Bush 3-6 ft tall 6 ft wide 12 ft tall 5-6 ft w 2-10 ft 3-20 ft w. 8-12 ft 6-15 ft w. 1, 3, 13, 14 6, 8, 13, Good for birds, butterflies; open growth 1-2 to 2 6 Showy flowers, foliage 1-2 to 2 6, 13, Relatively fastgrowing; open habit 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 13, 14, 16, 18 'Eve Case', 'Mound San Bruno' smaller 1 to 1-2 1, 6, 13, 14 Good on seabluffs ?sandy 1 to 1-2 1 Welldrained 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13, 14 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14, 20 1, 10, 12-14, 20, 21 1, 3, 7, 9, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18 1, 3, 9, 10, 12-14, 16, 19 Long dormant season Edible berries; good bird habitat Pretty fruits; birds Nice hedge plant’ holly-like leaves Edible fruits Edible fruits 2
  3. 3. I X Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Ribes aureum var. gracillimum Golden Currant To 10 ft Yellow/ W-Sp FS/PS/ FSH Any Water Zone+ Availability Notes 1-2 to 2-3 7, 12, 14 Any welldrained; Birds eat berries Smaller Shrubs ( < 6 ft. tall) ; includes woody sub-shrubs Little Sur Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS/PS welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 8, 13, 14 Cultivars: ‘Greensphere’ Hooker’s Manzanita 2-5 ft tall 4-6 ft w Pink/W-Sp FS welldrained 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 13 * Arctostaphylos tomentosa ssp. tomentosa Cultivars ‘Sunset’, ‘Wayside’, ‘Ken Taylor’ Wooly-leaf Manzanita 3-8 ft tall 4-5 ft wide White/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 1-2 13 Large shrub; silvery blue foliage * Lonicera involucrata Twinberry 4-6 ft tall to 10 ft w FS/PS Welldrained 2-3 to 3 7, 18 Mulch soil Basket Bush; Sour Berry; Skunkbrush 2-6 ft Hillside Gooseberry To 3 ft Red-white/ W-Sp PS/FSH X Ribes indecorum White Currant To 6 ft White/W-Sp FS/PS X Ribes malvaceum Chaparral Currant 5-8 ft Pink/W-Sp FS/PS Fuschia-flowered Gooseberry Red-flowering Currant 3-6+ ft tall and wide dark pink/ W-Sp FS/PS/FSH 4-10 ft Pink/Sp PS/FSH California Wild Rose 3-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Pink/ Sp-Su Rubus ursinus (ssp. ?) Pacific Blackberry 2-4 ft tall 3-10 ft w Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus Common Snowberry X Symphoricarpos mollis Snowberry X * Arctostaphylos edmundsii * Arctostaphylos hookeri X Rhus trilobata X Ribes californicum var. hesperium X Ribes speciosum X * Ribes sanguineum var. glutinosum X Rosa californica X 3-5 ft, spreading 2-4 ft tall & wide Yellow/ Sp-Su Yellowgreen/Sp PS any Welldrained Welldrained Welldrained 1-2 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 to 2 10, 13, 14, 16, 19 10, 12, 13 (var. californicum) 1, 3, 12, 14 Birds eat berries 1-2 3, 13, 14, 19 Birds eat berries Welldrained 2-3; 3 in sun 1, 3, 10, 1214, 19 Welldrained 2-3 3, 5, 13, 14, 19 FS/PS/FSH any 1-2; 3 (sun) 1, 2, 3, 7, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 White/Sp FS/PS any 2-3 to 3 7, 12, 13, 14 White/Sp PS Pink/W-Sp PS/FSH Birds eat berries Clays, loams any 2-3 2-3 to 3 7, 9, 13, 19 13, 14 Tolerates seasonal flooding Tolerates seasonal flooding Fruit may be toxic to humans mulch 3
  4. 4. I Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season Light** Soil Water Zone+ Availability Notes Perennial Vines X * Lonicera ciliosa X Lonicera hispidula var. vacillans Orange Honeysuckle 15-20 ft Orange/ SpSu PS/FSH Any 2-3 Western Honeysuckle 5-18 ft Pink/Sp-Su PS/FSH clay 1-2 to 2-3 8-20+ ft Yellow/ Sp-Su FS/PSH Any 2 to 2-3 3-5 ft Yellow/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 2-3 3-8 ft Cream/ Sp-Su PS/PS/ FSH any 1 to 1-2 > 20 ft White/Sp FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 > 25 ft White/Su PS any 2-3 X * Lonicera involucrata Lonicera subspicata X var. denudate & subspicata ** Vitis californica X ‘Roger’s Red’ Chaparral Honeysuckle Twinberry Santa Barbara & Southern Honeysuckles ‘Roger’s Red’ California Grape X Vitis girdiana Desert Grape X * Lonicera interrupta 2, 8 1, 5, 13, 14, 19 2 Not for hot gardens Tolerates seasonal flooding Excellent habitat plant 3, 7, 13, 19 1, 3, 8, 12, 13, 14 Edible fruit 1, 8, 13 2, 3, 10, 13, 20 Perennial Groundcover Plants * Arctostaphylos edmundsii (incl. cultivars) * Arctostaphylos glandulosa var. adamsii * Arctostaphylos glandulosa var. crassiflia ** Arctostaphylos hookeri ‘Monterey Carpet’ Little Sur Manzanita Laguna Manzanita 1-3 ft tall 6-20 ft wide 3-5 ft tall & wide Pink/W-Sp PS best Any incl. clays 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 16 Red berries in summer Pink/Sp PS best Welldrained 1-2 3, 8, 14 Blue-gray foliage PS best Most soils 1-2 14 White-blue foliage; very hardy coastal 1, 3, 6, 13 X 2-8 ft tall & wide Pink/Sp Monterey Carpet Manzanita 1 ft high 5+ ft wide White/Sp PS Sandy best 1-2 * Arctostaphylos pajaroensis Pajaro Manzanita 4-6 ft tall & wide White/W FS/PS Sandy best; acidic 1-2 to 2 1, 3, 6, 8, 13, 14 Several cultivars used as groundcovers * Arctostaphylos pumila X Del Mar Manzanita Dune Manzanita White/ Sp FS/PS sandy 1 to 1-2 8 Monterey Bay dunes plant * Arctostaphylos uvaursi (incl. cultivars) Bearberry; Kinnickinnick 2-4 ft tall 3-6 ft wide 1 ft tall spreading Pink/Sp FS/PS Welldrained 2-3 1, ** Arctostaphylos ’Emerald Carpet’ Emerald Carpet Manzanita < 1 ft tall 3-6 ft wide White/W-Sp FS/PS Rich, sl. acid 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 A. uva-ursi X A. nummularia hybrid 4
  5. 5. Scientific Name Common Name Size Flower/ season ** Arctostaphylos ‘Wood’s Compact’ Wood’s Compact Manzanita < 1 ft tall to 6 ft w. Pink/Sp PS ** Arctostaphylos ‘John Dourley’ * Berberis (Mahonia) X aquifolium var. repens ** Berberis (Mahonia) aquifolium ‘Compacta’ * Fragaria chiloensis X ssp. pacifica * Fragaria vesca X (californica) John Dourly Manzanita Creeping Oregon Grape ‘Compacta’ Oregon Grape (Pacific) Coast Strawberry CA/Wood Strawberry 2-3 ft tall to 8 ft wide Pink/Sp FS/PS Any 1 ft tall < 6 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 3 1, 7, 9, 13, 14 Good habitat; edible berries 2-4 ft tall 2-4 ft wide Yellow/Sp PS/FSH Any; acidic 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Good habitat; edible berries < 1 ft spreading White/Sp-Su PS Sandy best 1-2 to 2-3 1, 3, 8, 13 Let dry between waterings; < 2 ft spreading White/Su PS/FSH any 1-2 to 3 1, 13, 20 Edible fruit X Ribes viburnifolium Catalina Perfume 1-3 ft Pink/ PS/FSH See note 2 to 2-3 1, 3, 9, 13, 14, 20 Well-drained soil Solanum americanum American Black Nightshade 2-3 ft tall White/Sp-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 13 Berries very poisonous Solanum douglasii White (Douglas’) Nightshade 2-5 ft tall White/Sp-F FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 10, 14 Berries very poisonous Purple (Chaparral) Nightshade 2-4 ft tall Purple/SpSu FS/PS Any 1-2 to 2-3 1, 7, 13 Berries very poisonous 1 to 1-2 1, 3, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 1 to 1-2 1 I Light** Soil Needs rich soil Water Zone+ 1-2 to 2-3 1-2 Availability Notes 1, 8, 13 Arctostaphylos uva-ursi X A. nummularia 1, 3, 6, 8, 9, 11, 16, 19 Herbaceous Perennials X Solanum xanti Cacti and Succulents X Opuntia littoralis Coastal Prickly Pear To 3 ft Yellow/W-Sp FS X Opuntia oricola Chaparral Prickly Pear 6-8 ft tall spreading Yellow-Or/ Sp FS Welldrained Welldrained 1/18/2011 I : X = Gardening Information Sheet :(http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/gallery-of-native-plants.html) or at the Madrona Marsh Nature Center * may not be immediately local, but is a CA native plant ++ + ** horticultural cultivar light: FS=full sun; PS=part shade; FSH=full shade Water Zones: 1 = no summer water; 1-2 = very occasional summer water (several times per summer); 2 = let soil dry out between waterings; 2-3 some regular summer water (about once a week); 3 = regular watering/moist soil (like a conventional lawn) Availability: numbers correspond to the Plant and Seed Sources List at: http://nativeplantscsudh.blogspot.com/p/where-to-purchase-native-plants.html 5

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