Philippine Mythology


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Philippine Mythology:
Pantheon of the Gods and Goddesses
Mythological Creatures

Submitted by:
Pamaran, Malcom A.
Rocillo, Michelle G.
Villodres, Amidel P.

We actually made a diorama of Philippine Mythology as our partial requirement in Elective03 - Mythology & Folklore; and you'll be able to see in this presentation the many pictures of our OWN drawings of some Phil. gods and goddesses plus some mythological creatures.

Hope you like our drawings. ;)

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Philippine Mythology

  1. 1. PHILIPPINE MYTHOLOGY Pantheon of the Gods and Goddesses Mythological Creatures
  2. 2. Introduction Philippine mythology is derived from Philippine folk literature, which is the traditional oral literature of the Filipino people. This refers to a wide range of material due to the ethnic mix of the Philippines. Each unique ethnic group has its own stories and myths to tell.
  3. 3. Introduction…PHILIPPINE PANTHEON. The stories of ancient Philippine mythology include deities, creation stories, mythical creatures, and beliefs. Ancient Philippine mythology varies among the many indigenous tribes of the Philippines. Some groups during the pre-Spanish conquest era believed in a single Supreme Being who created the world and everything in it, while others chose to worship a multitude of tree and forest deities (diwatas). Diwatas came from the Sanskrit word devata which means "deity", one of the several significant Hindu influences in the Pre- Hispanic religion of the ancient Filipinos.
  4. 4. Introduction…Because the country has many islands and is inhabited by different ethnic groups, Philippine Mythology and superstitions are very diverse. However, certain similarities exist among these groups, such as the belief in Heaven (Kaluwalhatian or Kalangitan), Hell (Impiyerno), and human soul (kaluluwa).
  5. 5. Introduction… The prevalence of belief in the figures of Filipino mythology is strong in the provinces. Many common folk attribute psychological problems to these superstitions and considered significant for psychologists in understanding the Filipino psyche.
  6. 6. Introduction… Before the arrival of the Spaniards and the introduction of Roman Catholicism in the 1500s, the indigenous inhabitants of the Philippines were adherents of a mixture of animism, Hinduism, and Vajrayana Buddhism. Bathala was the supreme God of the Filipinos, represented by the langit, or sky, but not all Filipinos believed in it. The Ninuno, or the ancient ancestors, were the people who taught Filipinos/Tagalogs who will be in the future; they believed in the supreme God. For the Bikolanos, the supreme God was Gugurang.
  7. 7. Introduction… Other Filipino gods and goddesses include araw (sun), buwan (the moon), tala (the stars), and natural objects (such as trees, shrubs, mountains, or rocks). However, they were not the Western kinds of gods and goddesses; they were representations for some Filipinos/Tagalogs; or they were representations as gifts. As the Abrahamic religions began to sweep the islands, most Filipinos became Christians, consequently believing in only one God. Other Filipinos became Muslims, especially in the southern islands of the country such as Mindanao.
  8. 8. Filipino mythology gods and goddesses The famous gods and goddesses of Greek, Roman, Norse, Egyptian, Chinese, and Japanese mythology are the most widespread popular mythology in the world today. These different countries contain different gods and goddesses. Even if Filipino Mythology is not as well- known as the others, they still contain similar elements, such as gods, goddesses, creation stories, mythical creatures and beliefs.
  9. 9. PANTHEON of Philippinegods and goddesses (in Alphabetical order)
  10. 10. AGUIgod of fire; brother of Agwe
  11. 11. AGWEgod of waters
  12. 12. AMAN SINAYAgod of the sea, fishing, and seafaring
  13. 13. AMANIKABLE god of the hunt, theprotector of huntsmen
  14. 14. AMIHANthe bird who stirred up the waters and the heavens
  15. 15. ANITUN TABUgoddess of the wind and the rain
  16. 16. APOLAKIgod of the sun, lord of war, son of Bathala, patron of warriors
  17. 17. ASPENEthe shell goddess
  18. 18. BAGOBOgod of war
  19. 19. BATHALA king of the gods, ruler of theheavens, creator of humanity
  20. 20. BAYOAgod of pacts
  21. 21. DAL’LANGgoddess of beauty
  22. 22. DAYEAgoddess of secrets
  23. 23. DELTISEgod of mambabarangs
  24. 24. DETINOSgod of evil; enemy of Bathala
  25. 25. DIAN MASALANTA goddess of love, pregnancy, childbirth, became known as"Maria Makiling" post-Spanish
  26. 26. DIHASgoddess of medicinal herbs
  27. 27. HABAGATgod of winds
  28. 28. HALMISTAgod of Magic
  29. 29. HANANgod of the morning
  30. 30. HAYOgod of the sea and the
  31. 31. HUKLOBANgoddess of death
  32. 32. IDEANALEgoddess of agriculture and animal husbandry
  33. 33. KALINGAgod of thunder
  34. 34. KAPALARANAlthough he is not a God, he is still considered as a high power. He has the power to change destiny at his will.
  35. 35. KIDULgod of earthquakes
  36. 36. KILUBANSAgod of healing
  37. 37. LAKAMBUWIgod of gluttony, food, and eating
  38. 38. LAKAPATIdeity of fertility and cultivated fields
  39. 39. LALAHONgoddess of volcanoes
  40. 40. LINGAgod of disease, althoughunlike Manggagaway, he cures them
  41. 41. MAGUAYENferryboat god, ferries souls to hell
  42. 42. MALYARIgod of strength and bravery
  43. 43. MANGARAGANgoddess of war
  44. 44. MANGGAGAWAY goddess of disease, poses as a healer and inflicts terror byinducing maladies instead; one of Sitans helper
  45. 45. MANISALATgod of broken families
  46. 46. MAYARIone-eyed, beautiful goddess and ruler of the moon, daughter of Bathala
  47. 47. OGHEPgod of mountains and
  48. 48. PAMAHRESgod of knowledge
  49. 49. PASIPOgod of music
  50. 50. PUGHEthe king of the Dwendes of the North
  51. 51. PUNHOgod of trees
  52. 52. SIDAPAgod of death
  53. 53. SIGINAGURAN god of hell
  54. 54. SIRENHAgoddess of fishes
  55. 55. SITAN god of the afterlife,guardian of the realm of the spirits
  56. 56. SODOPgoddess of gold
  57. 57. SOMILGEgoddess of magic, queen of witchery
  58. 58. TALAgoddess of the stars; daughter of Bathala
  59. 59. Mythological Creatures
  60. 60. RESOURCES:F. Landa Jocano, Outline of Philippine Mythology (Centro Escolar University Research and Development Center, 1969)Angelfire Editors. (n.d.). Mysterio delas Felipinas. Retrieved November 10, 2011, from Angelfire: mythology. (2006, June 01). Retrieved November 10, 2011, from Michael Bournes Book of Thoth: ogy