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CUTA 2008: Arne Elias Presentation


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CUTA 2008: Arne Elias Presentation

  1. 1. Arne Elias Executive Director The C entre for S ustainable T ransportation CUTA Youth Conference UBC, August 22, 2008
  2. 2. <ul><li>Climate change and transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Criteria Air pollution – particulates </li></ul><ul><li>Energy security and supply - oil </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of life & economics (inefficiency, cost congestion, etc.) </li></ul>Why we need to act fast Hans Quak, Sustainability of Urban Freight Transport: Retail Distribution and Local Regulations in Cities
  3. 7. A sustainable transportation system is one that: <ul><li>Allows the basic access needs of individuals and societies to be met safely and in a manner consistent with human and ecosystem health, and with equity within and between generations; </li></ul><ul><li>Is affordable, operates efficiently, offers choice of transport mode, and supports a vibrant economy; </li></ul><ul><li>Limits emissions and waste within the planet's ability to absorb them, minimizes consumption of non-renewable resources, limits consumption of renewable resources to the sustainable yield level, reuses and recycles its components; and, </li></ul><ul><li>Minimizes the use of land and the production of noise. </li></ul>
  4. 8. Mayor of London <ul><li>“ The economic prosperity of <Your City> is dependent on the efficient movement of goods and people” </li></ul>
  5. 9. A Necessary Transformation <ul><li>The Map verses Reality </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioural Change </li></ul><ul><li>Technological Change </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructural Redesign </li></ul>
  6. 10. Transportation Options <ul><li>Fuel Shifting </li></ul><ul><li>Mode Shifting </li></ul><ul><li>New Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>DSM/ behavioural change </li></ul><ul><li>Planning, design and infrastructure development </li></ul>
  7. 11. Behaviour Change
  8. 12. Fuel Shifting
  9. 13. Efficiency
  10. 14. Mode Shifting
  11. 15. Technology Shifting
  12. 16. Planning Design & Infrastructural Development
  13. 17. Mode Hierarchy <ul><li>Walk </li></ul><ul><li>Bike – Active Transportation </li></ul><ul><li>Transit </li></ul><ul><li>Carpool </li></ul><ul><li>Carshare </li></ul><ul><li>SOV </li></ul><ul><li>------------------------------------------------------------- </li></ul><ul><li>Freight– Maritime, Rail, Truck </li></ul>
  14. 18. Growth of Freight Truck Sector 1990 - 2005
  15. 19. Examples: Freight Trip Reduction Options <ul><li>Reduce demand for unnecessary goods </li></ul><ul><li>Use human powered transport and appropriately sized vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce product volumes and unnecessary packaging, use local products. </li></ul><ul><li>Use intelligent systems to optimize the logistics chain – schedules, routes, increase load factors. </li></ul><ul><li>Coordinate delivery systems - reduce vehicle trips. </li></ul><ul><li>Site manufacturing and assembly processes closer to their destination markets. </li></ul>
  16. 20. More Examples: <ul><li>Implement fleet management programs that reduce vehicle mileage, use optimal sized vehicles for each trip, and insure that fleet vehicles are maintained and operated in ways that reduce external costs (congestion, pollution, crash risk, etc.). </li></ul><ul><li>Consider shipping costs and externalities in product design, production and marketing, for example by minimizing excessive packaging and unnecessary delivery frequency, and relying on more local suppliers. </li></ul><ul><li>Change freight delivery times to reduce congestion. </li></ul><ul><li>Increase land use accessibility by clustering common destinations together, which reduces the amount of travel required for goods distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Pricing and tax policies to encourage efficient freight transport. </li></ul>Victoria Transport Policy Institute
  17. 21. Rocky Mountain Institute
  18. 22. Behavioural Change/ Mode Shifting <ul><li>Identify attributes from source mode </li></ul><ul><li>Create Awareness </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Infrastructure with full featured attributes </li></ul><ul><li>Identify transition pathways </li></ul><ul><li>Develop comprehensive assistance </li></ul>
  19. 23. Vehicle to Grid (V2G) pathway <ul><li>Bi-directional grid interface for grid connectable Electric vehicles such as Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV) and other appliances. </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling technologies: PHEVs and micro-grids </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements: Intelligent appliances and metering, new, monitoring, control systems and other technologies and protocols </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits: Full utilization of power resource and cost recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Including full value delivery for intermittent power and renewables, low emissions for transportation </li></ul>
  20. 24. Plug-in Highway and PHEVs <ul><li>Analogous to Hydrogen Highway </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling technology for V2G </li></ul><ul><li>A portfolio of technologies: electric motors; control systems; energy storage systems; and intelligent charging systems </li></ul><ul><li>Lower emissions on any grid </li></ul><ul><li>Value added to renewables </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicles can be of equal weight and less complexity </li></ul>
  21. 25. PHEV Advantages <ul><li>Reduction in CO 2 emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Fossil fuel use and emissions are reduced engine efficiency is improved. </li></ul><ul><li>Shifts pollution away from urban areas </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel security and revenue stream is internalized </li></ul><ul><li>Driveability can be comparable or better than ICEs </li></ul><ul><li>Operating costs are lower, maintenance easier </li></ul><ul><li>Allows for more efficient use of existing electricity production capacity, which is under-utilized </li></ul><ul><li>Allows efficient use of biofuels. </li></ul>
  22. 26. The best opportunity for all vehicle classes <ul><li>plug-in hybrid vehicles are the best identified strategy to solve our energy crises. </li></ul><ul><li>PHEVs are ready now as prototypes </li></ul><ul><li>can be gradually commercialized through extending electric only range </li></ul><ul><li>will mature with along with commercially availability of advanced batteries </li></ul><ul><li>gradual market penetration of PHEVs </li></ul><ul><li>with just today’s batteries and the technologies in the pipeline. </li></ul>
  23. 27. Technological and Cultural Barriers <ul><li>Technologies must be much better </li></ul><ul><li>Society has to change many of the ways we: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>build vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>operate vehicles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>manage transportation and energy demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>operate electricity networks </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural change is the bigger barrier even when the benefits are clearly significant. </li></ul>
  24. 28. C entre for S ustainable T ransportation bring disciplines together bridge academia, business and government develop public awareness
  25. 29. Some Activities <ul><li>WinSmart 2007 – City of Winnipeg: Baseline emissions data collection </li></ul><ul><li>PHEV2007 – 1st major conference on Plug-in hybrids globally Nov. 1-2 in Winnipeg </li></ul><ul><li>Plug-in Highway is a multiphase program, with utility, industry and university partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Work on vehicle simulation, rapid prototyping and technical and social adoption issues, efficiency analysis and grid integration issues. </li></ul><ul><li>The Plug-in Highway Network is envisioned as an effective solution to personal and freight intra urban and short haul transportation. </li></ul><ul><li>Auto 21 – Vehicle Simulation - This proposed project is funded. Three separate teams from three universities coordinate data collection and simulation development. Phase 1 is managed by the Centre with academics, research associates and assistants. </li></ul><ul><li>WinSmart 2008-09 – Urban Transportation Show Program Winnipeg: many projects </li></ul><ul><li>Kids on the Move 3 Ontario - Ongoing </li></ul><ul><li>Kids on the Move Canada – by Province and municipality </li></ul><ul><li>NRCAN Driver Behaviour Study </li></ul><ul><li>Active Transport HUB – UW </li></ul><ul><li>Discussion Paper for the Sustainable Transportation Task Force STTF </li></ul><ul><li>SmartWay Partner – Freight Efficiency Initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Manitoba Biodiesel Board. ED on Board: developing production and standards </li></ul><ul><li>MPI Sustainability Workshop: Engagement in Sustainability Projects </li></ul><ul><li>TDM Best Practices And Legacy Review: An applied research and proposed action plan to TransLink, VANOC the Vancouver 2010 Winter Olympic Games. </li></ul>
  26. 30. Thanks C entre for S ustainable T ransportation at