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SWK1048:
Developing Enterprising Communities:
Community Development and the
migrant crisis
http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/62...
Who is responsible for looking after
refugees?
• An insight into the current refugee and
migration crisis
• An introductio...
• “I wish to leave Lebanon because one of [my]
brothers is dead and I don’t know about the
other two. I can’t go back to S...
Page 5
Inside Syria
Page 6
What do you know already?
Page 7
Inside Lebanon – where families
live
Page 8
Inside Lebanon –
where families
live
Page 9
Inside Lebanon –
where children
play
Page 10
Inside Lebanon –
children’s chores
Page 11
Inside Jordan – Za’atari Refugee
Camp
Page 12
Inside Jordan –
arriving at
the border
Page 13
Inside Jordan –
Za’atari Camp reception
Page 14
Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp:
where people live
Page 15
Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp:
missing out on school
Page 16
Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp:
making a living
Page 17
Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp:
essential services
Page 18
Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp:
essential services
Calais ‘Jungle’
https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/ce5980230c639ccc9799cf2cca412bdde9b051b2/0_219_4256_2556/4256.jpg?w=620&q=8...
http://www.crowdfunder.co.uk/uploads/projects/30151.jpg?v=1441122774
Some data
• 4,000- Estimated migrants currently camped out around
Calais
• 100-150- Migrants who arrive in Calais every da...
So who would have been
responsible?
Private Sector Public Sector
Civil Society
Up to the Second World War
Private
Sector Public
Sector
Civil Society
Philanthropists
Church
Community Associations
The Post War Settlement
Private Sector
Public Sector
Civil Society
NHS
State Schools
Pay taxes
Post Thatcher
Private Sector Public
Sector
Civil Society
Mixed economy
Private Sector
Public Sector
Civil Society
The way community leaders think
Pearce, J. (2003) Social enterprise in any town,
Calouste Gulkenkian Foundation
http://data.ncvo.org.uk/a/almanac14/civil-society/what-is-civil-society-2/
Lets get real about the size of the
bubbles
http://magamaps.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/8.25.11-simply-business-ONS-
infographic-1024x748.jpg
http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2014/3/20/1395326815809/Budget-
2013-the-governmen-010.jpg
Civil Society
http://data.ncvo.org.uk/a/almanac15/economy/
Lets get real about the bubbles
Civil society: £40bn
Public Sector: £700bn
Private sector: £3,200bn
• 1.25% of total priva...
Community Development
• involves participants in constructive activities and processes to
produce improvements, opportunit...
CD has three goals
• problem resolution
– (e.g., creating a community garden, organizing a
neighbourhood crime watch, prod...
Social Action
• brings people together to
– convince,
– pressure, or
– coerce
• external decision-makers to meet collectiv...
SA has 3 goals
• problem resolution
– (e.g., obtaining curve cuts, modifying the
Informed Consent Policy, or eliminating i...
Swk1048  introduction to community development and the migrant crisis
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Swk1048 introduction to community development and the migrant crisis

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The first SWK1048 class

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Swk1048 introduction to community development and the migrant crisis

  1. 1. SWK1048: Developing Enterprising Communities: Community Development and the migrant crisis http://ichef.bbci.co.uk/news/624/cpsprodpb/6188/production/_85286942_pakmigrantsgreecegetty.jpg
  2. 2. Who is responsible for looking after refugees? • An insight into the current refugee and migration crisis • An introduction to the concepts of ‘community’ and ‘development’ • A thumbnail sketch of political-economy throughout history
  3. 3. • “I wish to leave Lebanon because one of [my] brothers is dead and I don’t know about the other two. I can’t go back to Syria… I will probably get arrested in Lebanon. We ran away from death in Syria to slowly die in Lebanon,” Sameer, aged 41, a Syrian refugee who lives in an informal tented settlement in Bekaa, Lebanon. • Interviewed by Amnesty International in Bekaa, Lebanon, 26 March 2015. His name has been changed in order to protect his identity.
  4. 4. Page 5 Inside Syria
  5. 5. Page 6 What do you know already?
  6. 6. Page 7 Inside Lebanon – where families live
  7. 7. Page 8 Inside Lebanon – where families live
  8. 8. Page 9 Inside Lebanon – where children play
  9. 9. Page 10 Inside Lebanon – children’s chores
  10. 10. Page 11 Inside Jordan – Za’atari Refugee Camp
  11. 11. Page 12 Inside Jordan – arriving at the border
  12. 12. Page 13 Inside Jordan – Za’atari Camp reception
  13. 13. Page 14 Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp: where people live
  14. 14. Page 15 Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp: missing out on school
  15. 15. Page 16 Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp: making a living
  16. 16. Page 17 Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp: essential services
  17. 17. Page 18 Inside Jordan –Za’atari Camp: essential services
  18. 18. Calais ‘Jungle’ https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/ce5980230c639ccc9799cf2cca412bdde9b051b2/0_219_4256_2556/4256.jpg?w=620&q=85&auto=for mat&sharp=10&s=a322e0b7cca57e202813dd77a13be1ed
  19. 19. http://www.crowdfunder.co.uk/uploads/projects/30151.jpg?v=1441122774
  20. 20. Some data • 4,000- Estimated migrants currently camped out around Calais • 100-150- Migrants who arrive in Calais every day • 700- Migrants from Calais granted asylum in France last year • 1,200- Migrants from Calais deported from France last year • 21 miles- Distance between Dover and Calais • £12 million- The amount Britain has spent reinforcing borders in Calais • 18,170- Stowaways attempting to get to Britain between January 1 and May 21 2015 http://www.telegraph.co.uk/men/the-filter/11801006/Inside-the-Calais-Jungle-where- men-live-in-solidarity-and-shame.html
  21. 21. So who would have been responsible? Private Sector Public Sector Civil Society
  22. 22. Up to the Second World War Private Sector Public Sector Civil Society Philanthropists Church Community Associations
  23. 23. The Post War Settlement Private Sector Public Sector Civil Society NHS State Schools Pay taxes
  24. 24. Post Thatcher Private Sector Public Sector Civil Society
  25. 25. Mixed economy Private Sector Public Sector Civil Society
  26. 26. The way community leaders think
  27. 27. Pearce, J. (2003) Social enterprise in any town, Calouste Gulkenkian Foundation
  28. 28. http://data.ncvo.org.uk/a/almanac14/civil-society/what-is-civil-society-2/
  29. 29. Lets get real about the size of the bubbles
  30. 30. http://magamaps.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/8.25.11-simply-business-ONS- infographic-1024x748.jpg
  31. 31. http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2014/3/20/1395326815809/Budget- 2013-the-governmen-010.jpg
  32. 32. Civil Society http://data.ncvo.org.uk/a/almanac15/economy/
  33. 33. Lets get real about the bubbles Civil society: £40bn Public Sector: £700bn Private sector: £3,200bn • 1.25% of total private sector wealth is given to the civil sector • 21% of private sector wealth ends up in the public sector
  34. 34. Community Development • involves participants in constructive activities and processes to produce improvements, opportunities, structures, goods, and services that increase the quality of life, build individual and collective capacities, and enhance social solidarity. • approach is developmental & integrative. • The goal is internal development • of the community’s capacity to make improvements, solve problems, generate its own leadership, strengthen social relationships, and function more effectively • does not attempt to redistribute resources or to reduce power dis- parities • “power holders could be organized to effect change” (Beck and Eichler, 2000 Staples Lee(2004) - Roots to Power: A Manual for Grass Roots Organizing
  35. 35. CD has three goals • problem resolution – (e.g., creating a community garden, organizing a neighbourhood crime watch, producing afford- able housing, or generating employment opportunities), • capacity building – through the establishment of effective GCOs, • and the development of social solidarity – “the ties that bind.” Staples Lee(2004) - Roots to Power: A Manual for Grass Roots Organizing
  36. 36. Social Action • brings people together to – convince, – pressure, or – coerce • external decision-makers to meet collective goals either to act in a specified manner or to modify or stop certain activities. • less powerful groups to transform themselves from objects of oppression to subjects able to act in unison to challenge dominant elites (Freire, 1973) • Is redistributive in nature Staples Lee(2004) - Roots to Power: A Manual for Grass Roots Organizing
  37. 37. SA has 3 goals • problem resolution – (e.g., obtaining curve cuts, modifying the Informed Consent Policy, or eliminating illegal dumping), • building a power base – Through the development of a strong GCO, and • decreasing power disparities – Between community members and external groups Staples Lee(2004) - Roots to Power: A Manual for Grass Roots Organizing

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