The Essentials to Achieving
First thing’s first… you need power
• TENS (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation)
• technically Prescription only
• Will numb nerves over time for chronic pain relief
• EMS (Electrical Muscle Stimulation)
• Most of what is publicly available
• “Hijacks” the signal from the brain to the muscle
• Makes the muscles move, stimulates rather than deadens nerves
• Violet Wand
• Surface, sparky. No muscle penetration
• New! Microcurrent (erasingpain.com)
• *Star Trek Medicine* Uses biofeedback to locate the source of the pain
and stimulates the body to repair itself eliminating pain permanently
Different Types of Power Units
• Pre-programmed patterns
• Remote Control
• Turn-dial, no patterns
• Accepts MP3 files, live program and save your own for replay
So what do I look for?
• Number of channels
• Output intensity control, power levels
• High or low frequency
• Available pre-programmed patterns
• User-friendly controls
• Twist dials or push buttons
• Auto shut-off/Timer
• Input Capabilities
Pros & Cons
• Self-adhesive vs. not
• Convenience, wrap/sticky gel, allergies
• Beginner power unit vs advanced
• Analog, Digital, Audio
• Commercial vs Do-It-Yourself
• Cost, Shaping, Skill/Tools
• TENS/EMS vs Violet Wand
• Pads vs clamps, cloth vs silicone, etc etc etc
• Pulse width/amplitude (hertz)- How deep does it penetrate?
• Pulse frequency/wavelength (rate)- How fast does it go?
• “Constant” misnomer
• Output-Amperes (amps)/Volts- How strong is it?
• Waveform, output pattern- What does it feel like?
• Sine, square, interferential, sinus, monophasic, biphasic, etc.
• Amperage (amps for short) is a measure of the
AMOUNT of electricity used.
• Voltage (volts) measures the pressure, or FORCE, of
• Wattage (watts)amps x volts gives you the a measure of
the WORK that electricity does per second.
• Example: Electricity through a wire is like water through a
garden hose. How much can fit through depends on the
diameter (amps). The pressure depends on how far open the
faucet is (volts). The total work (watts) is both combined.
Unipolar vs Bipolar vs Tripolar
Uni= One. Bi=2. Must have 2 to create a pathway
What plugs into my machine? Leadwires
• 2.5mm 3.5mm 4mm (aka 2.35mm shrouded)
• Other specialty (EMPI, etc.)
What plugs into my toys?
• Pin (2mm)
• Standard is 3.5mm
• XL is 3.9mm
• Almost any connection can be turned into anything else.
plugs into machine versus accessory connectors.
Not the same thing!
• Or all-in-one, get a gator clip leadwire that can attach to
Principles of electrical pathways
• “Positive” and “Negative- completing the circuit
• With e-stim, red/black doesn’t matter. Think 1+1=2
• Path of least resistance
• Conductivity capability
• Surface area implications
• SIZE MATTERS!
• Not all power units can handle all accessories
• Brass, Aluminum, Nickel, Zinc
• Stainless Steel
• Conductive Cloth
• Conductive Rubber/Carbon
• H2O (saline, baking soda)
• Do It Yourself
• Tapes, plug and connector blanks, adhesive, solder, etc.
What do I want to feel?
Where do I want to stimulate to feel it?
Thus, Where do I want the current to flow?
Place one unipolar device at either end or on both sides
Be aware of landmarks such as muscles, nerves and
acupressure points in the area
Care of Electrode pads
• Clean the skin prior to placement
• Use a skin-prep spray
• Keep the plastic protectors they come on
• After use, lightly rinse the sticky surface to
• Replace onto plastic protectors.
• Average longevity is 6-8 uses per pad
• You can extend their life with
Tensive or Tac gel
•Unipolar vs Bipolar vs Tripolar
•Stripe vs Panel
• Electro-conductive Water-based only, NO SILICONE
• Salt-water, can add baking soda
• Cleaner and Hospital-grade disinfectant
• Bacteria, Fungal, Virus and more!
• Spray or wipes
• The above the waist stim debate- get the facts and make
your own decision.
• In general, old wives tale with the exception of heart arrhythmias or
• Not when pregnant
• Consult with a physician or physical therapist if you have
epilepsy or pain of an undiagnosed origin
• Commercially produced units only- NEVER connect
directly to batteries or audio/speaker outputs
• Never directly on piercings. E-Stim may cause burns at
high voltage levels on small contact areas.
• Locations: NEVER
• Throat (carotid sinus)/Larynx. Can close the airway
• Eyes/eyelids. In fact, never above the neck especially across the
• Broken or irritated skin
• Inflamed joints
• Near medical implants of any kind (stay 6 inches away from insulin
pumps, pacemakers, ports, etc.)
Sum it Up
• Don’t just plug and play
• Start slow
• Let the receiver control things at first
• What works for one person may not work for another,
e-stim is highly highly individual
If in doubt, ask an expert. We recommend the discussion
forums at www.socialstim.org or live chat with us most
afternoons/evenings at www.currentpleasures.com. We
also answer emails promptly.
There is no such thing as a stupid question!
Save 10% on our website from your
attendance here today! Code ELECTRIC
• Conductive Rubber
• Plastic vs silicone
• Pair with outside ring or pad
(or anal on female)