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Hemorrhoids Treatments


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A brief explanation of the most common surgical procedures to get rid of hemorrhoids.
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Hemorrhoids Treatments

  1. 1. Hemorrhoids Treatments
  2. 2. Internal Hemorrhoids <ul><li>Refers to a condition in which there is an inflammation or swollen of the veins around the anus or lower rectum. Is known that there are many groups of veins which surround the rectum and anus, one of these groups is called internal hemorrhoidal veins and the others are known as external hemorrhoidal veins. And as you can realize by yourself, the internal hemorrhoids affects the internal hemorrhoidal veins. </li></ul>
  3. 3. External Hemorrhoids <ul><li>As it was stated before there are different groups of veins around the anus and lower rectum, external hemorrhoid is caused when there is a pressure within the external hemorrhoidal veins. Which can be provoked by constipation, that's why we must have a fiber rich diet, to avoid problems like these. :-) </li></ul><ul><li>External hemorrhoids are the one which can become thrombosed, so you must take care of it. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rubber band ligation: <ul><li>In this procedure, a small band is applied to the base of the hemorrhoid, stopping the blood supply to the hemorrhoidal mass. The hemorrhoid will then shrivel and die within 2 to 7 days. The shriveled hemorrhoid and band will fall off during normal bowel movements. </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber band ligation is a popular procedure, as it involves less pain than surgical treatments of hemorrhoids, as well as a shorter recovery period. Its success rate is between 60 and 80%. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hemorrhoidectomy <ul><li>Incisions are made in the tissue around the hemorrhoid. The swollen vein inside the hemorrhoid is tied off to prevent bleeding, and the hemorrhoid is removed. The surgical area may be sewn closed or left open. Medicated gauze covers the wound. </li></ul><ul><li>Surgery can be done with a knife (scalpel), a tool that uses electricity (cautery pencil), or a laser. </li></ul><ul><li>The operation is usually done in a surgery center. You will most likely go home the same day (outpatient). </li></ul><ul><li>There is a procedure that uses a circular stapling device to remove hemorrhoidal tissue and close the wound. No incision is made. In this procedure, the hemorrhoid is lifted and then &quot;stapled&quot; back into place in the anal canal. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Infrared Coagulation <ul><li>Coagulation – or the process of clotting and destruction of blood vessels – has been used for decades in the treatment of hemorrhoids. These treatments include using heat (cauterizing or heating probe), using extreme cold (frozen probe in cryotherapy), and using electric current to destroy affected tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>A modern variation of coagulation includes the use of infrared beam. Unlike other forms of coagulations, this method is very reliable, simple to use, and can be controlled accurately. </li></ul>
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