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Extroversion Introversion

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Extroversion Introversion

  1. 2. Introversion/Extroversion Individual differences in SLA
  2. 3. Presented by <ul><li>Syed Ali Tahir </li></ul><ul><li>Riaz Hussain </li></ul>
  3. 4. The dimensions of a learner’s personality <ul><li>1.Inhibition (adaptiveness of learner’s language ego) </li></ul><ul><li>2.self-esteem(how far learners consider themselves significant people) </li></ul><ul><li>3.Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>4.anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>5.Tolerance of ambiguity( dealing with ambiguity) </li></ul><ul><li>6.risk-taking( less hesitancy) </li></ul><ul><li>7.Extroversion/Introversion </li></ul><ul><li>Extroversion/introversion distiction is only one aspect of learner’s personality. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Extroversion/Introversion <ul><li>The extroversion/Introversion distinction refers to one of several traits which together constitute an individual’s personality (Eysenck 1970) </li></ul>
  5. 6. Hans Jurgen Eysenck <ul><li>1916(Germany)-1997(London </li></ul><ul><li>Authored 50 books and 900 articles </li></ul><ul><li>Editor of the journal Personality and individual differences </li></ul><ul><li>He gave dimensions of personality </li></ul>
  6. 7. Extroversion/Introversion continuum <ul><li>Extroversion Introversion represents a continuum.it means that individuals can be more or less extroverted </li></ul><ul><li>Rod Ellis(2004) </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Measuring Extroversion/Introversion <ul><li>The extent to which individuals verge towards one of these types is measured by analysing responses to self-report questions such as those in the Eysenck Personality Questionaire. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Qualities of extroverts and introverts Enumerated by researchers
  9. 10. Comparison <ul><li>Introvert </li></ul><ul><li>a person mainly thinks about his own thoughts and personal life and does not enjoy spending time with other people. </li></ul><ul><li>Extrovert </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who is active and confident , and who enjoys spending time with other people. </li></ul><ul><li>Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English(2000) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Introverts
  11. 12. Qualities of Introverts <ul><li>Introverts are </li></ul><ul><li>Quiet </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer reading to meeting people </li></ul><ul><li>Have few but close friends </li></ul><ul><li>Ususally avoid excitement. </li></ul><ul><li>introspective; quiet; retiring; reserved; </li></ul><ul><li>(Eysenck and Chan 1982:54) </li></ul>
  12. 13. Introverts and CALP <ul><li>J.Cummins(1981) used this term </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive academic language Proficiency(CALP) </li></ul><ul><li>Proficiency required to engage effectively in academic studies </li></ul><ul><li>Introvert learners do better at developing CALP. </li></ul><ul><li>(Griffiths 1991) </li></ul>
  13. 14. The rationale behind the hypothesis <ul><li>The rationale for this hypothesis comes from the studies which show that introverted learners typically enjoy more academic success, perhaps because they spend more time reading and writing </li></ul><ul><li>(Griffiths 1991) </li></ul>
  14. 15. Extrovert s
  15. 16. <ul><li>Sociable </li></ul><ul><li>Like parties </li></ul><ul><li>Have many friends </li></ul><ul><li>need excitement </li></ul><ul><li>Sensation seekers </li></ul><ul><li>Risk –takers </li></ul><ul><li>Like practical jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Lively and active </li></ul><ul><li>dislike solitude </li></ul><ul><li>impulsive. </li></ul>Qualities of extroverts of extroverts
  16. 17. Extroverts and BICS <ul><li>Cummins used this term (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Extrovert learners will do better in acquiring basic interpersonal communications skills(BICS) </li></ul><ul><li>(Griffiths 1991) </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Rationale behind the hypothesis <ul><li>The rationale for this hypothesis is that sociability( an essential feature of extroversion) will result in more oportunities to practice, more input, and more success in communicating L2 </li></ul><ul><li>(Griffiths 1991) </li></ul>
  18. 19. Research on Extroversion/Introversion
  19. 20. A small scale study supporting the first hypothesis
  20. 21. Research made by Busch
  21. 22. Conclusions drawn by Rod Ellis <ul><li>The evidence linking extroversion to the acquisition of BICS is fairly substantial </li></ul><ul><li>There is no clear support for the claim that introversion benefits the acquisition of CALP </li></ul><ul><li>The effects of extroversion/introversion may be situation-dependent,evident in some learning contexts but not in others </li></ul>
  22. 23. Suggestions made by Rod Ellis <ul><li>Better results may be obtained when the measures of extroversion/introversion are based on observation than when they are based on self-report questionnaires. </li></ul><ul><li>Better results may be obtained if researchers explore specific interactions between personality measures such as extroversion/introversion and learners’ under different instructional conditions. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Rod Ellis <ul><li>Professor in the department of Applied Linguistics Auckland. </li></ul><ul><li>His book The Study of Second Language acquisition has won (Duke of Edinburgh prize 1995) </li></ul>

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