Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Extroversion Introversion


Published on

Published in: Technology

Extroversion Introversion

  1. 2. Introversion/Extroversion Individual differences in SLA
  2. 3. Presented by <ul><li>Syed Ali Tahir </li></ul><ul><li>Riaz Hussain </li></ul>
  3. 4. The dimensions of a learner’s personality <ul><li>1.Inhibition (adaptiveness of learner’s language ego) </li></ul><ul><li>2.self-esteem(how far learners consider themselves significant people) </li></ul><ul><li>3.Empathy </li></ul><ul><li>4.anxiety </li></ul><ul><li>5.Tolerance of ambiguity( dealing with ambiguity) </li></ul><ul><li>6.risk-taking( less hesitancy) </li></ul><ul><li>7.Extroversion/Introversion </li></ul><ul><li>Extroversion/introversion distiction is only one aspect of learner’s personality. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Extroversion/Introversion <ul><li>The extroversion/Introversion distinction refers to one of several traits which together constitute an individual’s personality (Eysenck 1970) </li></ul>
  5. 6. Hans Jurgen Eysenck <ul><li>1916(Germany)-1997(London </li></ul><ul><li>Authored 50 books and 900 articles </li></ul><ul><li>Editor of the journal Personality and individual differences </li></ul><ul><li>He gave dimensions of personality </li></ul>
  6. 7. Extroversion/Introversion continuum <ul><li>Extroversion Introversion represents a means that individuals can be more or less extroverted </li></ul><ul><li>Rod Ellis(2004) </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Measuring Extroversion/Introversion <ul><li>The extent to which individuals verge towards one of these types is measured by analysing responses to self-report questions such as those in the Eysenck Personality Questionaire. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Qualities of extroverts and introverts Enumerated by researchers
  9. 10. Comparison <ul><li>Introvert </li></ul><ul><li>a person mainly thinks about his own thoughts and personal life and does not enjoy spending time with other people. </li></ul><ul><li>Extrovert </li></ul><ul><li>Someone who is active and confident , and who enjoys spending time with other people. </li></ul><ul><li>Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English(2000) </li></ul>
  10. 11. Introverts
  11. 12. Qualities of Introverts <ul><li>Introverts are </li></ul><ul><li>Quiet </li></ul><ul><li>Prefer reading to meeting people </li></ul><ul><li>Have few but close friends </li></ul><ul><li>Ususally avoid excitement. </li></ul><ul><li>introspective; quiet; retiring; reserved; </li></ul><ul><li>(Eysenck and Chan 1982:54) </li></ul>
  12. 13. Introverts and CALP <ul><li>J.Cummins(1981) used this term </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive academic language Proficiency(CALP) </li></ul><ul><li>Proficiency required to engage effectively in academic studies </li></ul><ul><li>Introvert learners do better at developing CALP. </li></ul><ul><li>(Griffiths 1991) </li></ul>
  13. 14. The rationale behind the hypothesis <ul><li>The rationale for this hypothesis comes from the studies which show that introverted learners typically enjoy more academic success, perhaps because they spend more time reading and writing </li></ul><ul><li>(Griffiths 1991) </li></ul>
  14. 15. Extrovert s
  15. 16. <ul><li>Sociable </li></ul><ul><li>Like parties </li></ul><ul><li>Have many friends </li></ul><ul><li>need excitement </li></ul><ul><li>Sensation seekers </li></ul><ul><li>Risk –takers </li></ul><ul><li>Like practical jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Lively and active </li></ul><ul><li>dislike solitude </li></ul><ul><li>impulsive. </li></ul>Qualities of extroverts of extroverts
  16. 17. Extroverts and BICS <ul><li>Cummins used this term (1981) </li></ul><ul><li>Extrovert learners will do better in acquiring basic interpersonal communications skills(BICS) </li></ul><ul><li>(Griffiths 1991) </li></ul>
  17. 18. The Rationale behind the hypothesis <ul><li>The rationale for this hypothesis is that sociability( an essential feature of extroversion) will result in more oportunities to practice, more input, and more success in communicating L2 </li></ul><ul><li>(Griffiths 1991) </li></ul>
  18. 19. Research on Extroversion/Introversion
  19. 20. A small scale study supporting the first hypothesis
  20. 21. Research made by Busch
  21. 22. Conclusions drawn by Rod Ellis <ul><li>The evidence linking extroversion to the acquisition of BICS is fairly substantial </li></ul><ul><li>There is no clear support for the claim that introversion benefits the acquisition of CALP </li></ul><ul><li>The effects of extroversion/introversion may be situation-dependent,evident in some learning contexts but not in others </li></ul>
  22. 23. Suggestions made by Rod Ellis <ul><li>Better results may be obtained when the measures of extroversion/introversion are based on observation than when they are based on self-report questionnaires. </li></ul><ul><li>Better results may be obtained if researchers explore specific interactions between personality measures such as extroversion/introversion and learners’ under different instructional conditions. </li></ul>
  23. 24. Rod Ellis <ul><li>Professor in the department of Applied Linguistics Auckland. </li></ul><ul><li>His book The Study of Second Language acquisition has won (Duke of Edinburgh prize 1995) </li></ul>