Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

Published in: Travel, Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment


  1. 1. Indian Culture
  2. 2. India – Brief Introduction <ul><li>Capital: New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Largest City: Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>Official Language: Hindi, English </li></ul><ul><li>Area: 3,287,240 ‡  km 2   </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 2009 estimate 1,198,003,000 </li></ul><ul><li>GDP 2008 (nominal): Total $1.206 trillion </li></ul><ul><li>Currency: Indian rupee </li></ul><ul><li>Religions: Hinduism, Muslim, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Symbols of India The National Flag The National Emblem (An adaptation of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka) The National Flower - Lotus
  4. 4. Map
  5. 5. Geography <ul><li>Seventh largest country in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Largest population in the world </li></ul><ul><li>India is also a popular tropical </li></ul><ul><li>tourist attraction with many resort </li></ul><ul><li>hotels scattered across the coastal </li></ul><ul><li>areas and islands </li></ul>
  6. 6. Politics, Wars and Fears
  7. 7. Politics <ul><li>Democratic Republic </li></ul><ul><li>It gives tourists a sense of safety and familiarity and is seen to be an Asian destination that balances modernization and </li></ul><ul><li>globalization with exotic elements </li></ul><ul><li>and Asian culture (like HK) </li></ul><ul><li>Some cities and areas of India are considered “Easy Asia” for tourists. </li></ul>India states by political parties
  8. 8. Wars <ul><li>Indo-Pakistani Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both India and Pakistan gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947 and almost immediately plunged into war concerning the Jammu-Kashmir region. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitality and Service industries need to be sensitive to Indo-Pakistani tensions and take it into consideration when rooming guests </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Fears <ul><li>Fears of humiliation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stemming from humiliation brought upon by British rule, Indians fear their great culture and Bollywood being ignored by the West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitality and service industries can be careful to be respectful and admire, not insult Indian culture and Bollywood </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Holidays, Festivals and Ceremonies
  11. 11. Holidays/Festivals <ul><li>Diwali </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A 5-day festival occurring between the end of September to the beginning of October </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as the Festival of Lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Festivities: family get-togethers, decorating homes with lights etc </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Holidays/Festivals <ul><li>Gandhi Jayanti </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To celebrate the birth anniversary of Gandhi - “The father of the nation” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The man who led India to independence from the British Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different religions gather for a prayer meeting in New Delhi </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Holidays/Festivals <ul><li>Hospitality and service industries must be aware of the times of these festivals and properly acknowledge </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ceremonies <ul><li>Based on religion & culture </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a reason for relatives and friends to get together </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremonies include wedding, naming, house-warming ceremonies etc </li></ul>
  15. 15. Dressing
  16. 16. D hoti, K urta and S herwani <ul><li>M ale attire in most of the western and central regions </li></ul><ul><li>C onsists of the d hoti and kur ta </li></ul><ul><li>D hoti is considered formal wear all over the country </li></ul><ul><li>S herwani is typically worn for special occasions </li></ul>dhoti kurta sherwani
  17. 17. Saree <ul><li>Worn by women </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Saree’ comes from a Sanskrit word 'sati', which means strip of cloth </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian Saree (or Sari) boasts of oldest existence in the sartorial world </li></ul><ul><li>It is more than 5000 years old </li></ul>Saree
  18. 18. Religion <ul><li>Hinduism is the predominant religion of the Indian subcontinent </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim community is one of the world’s largest </li></ul><ul><li>As the majority of Indian associate themselves with a religion, religion tolerance is established in both law and custom </li></ul>The Hindu God
  19. 19. Religion Religions in India (ca.2001) Religion Millions % of Population Hinduism 827.6 80.5 Muslim 138.2 13.4 Christianity 24.1 2.3 Sikhism 19.2 1.9 Buddhism 7.9 0.8 Jainism 4.2 0.4 Other 6.6 0.6 Total 1.028.6 100
  20. 20. Indian Food <ul><li>Characterized with the use of spices, herbs and vegetables grown in India </li></ul><ul><li>Curry, a general variety of spiced dishes, is famous in Asian cuisine </li></ul>
  21. 21. Music <ul><li>Can be traced back to the Vedic Period </li></ul><ul><li>The oldest form of music was used as sacred hymns </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays, the Indian music is known to be performed through three modes – vocal music, instrumental music and dance. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sports <ul><li>Field Hockey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field hockey is the National Game of India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cricket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cricket is the most popular sport in India </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. International arrival <ul><li>International tourist arrivals to India of 2009 will exceed 5.5 million. And international arrivals to India will grow to over 5.9 million in 2010 and cross 6.3 million by 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>It also predicts that the average annual growth rate in international arrivals to India will be 5.85 per cent in the 2007-2011 period and 7.46 per cent for 2009-10. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Travelling tips* <ul><li>Mid-June to mid-August is the rainy season of India. Transportation may be disrupted due to the rainstorm. Try to avoid the rainy season when you travel to India! </li></ul><ul><li>It is very common to see flight delay or even flight cancellation in India, be prepared! </li></ul>
  25. 25. Travelling tips* <ul><li>Remember to take off your shoes in temples! </li></ul><ul><li>Wearing shorts or skirts is prohibited in the Muslim temples. Also, don’t enter those private areas of the temple, it would be disrespectful to do so! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use your left hands when dealing with Indians as left hands are sacred for them! </li></ul>
  26. 26. Dining tips* <ul><li>Indians view cows as god or mother, never order beef in restaurants as this shows disrespectful of their culture! </li></ul><ul><li>Eating uncooked food is prohibited in Indian culture and also dangerous in the poor sanitation conditions. Don’t buy food from hawkers! </li></ul><ul><li>Indian food mostly contains curry. If you are not a fan of it, remember to specify that when you order! </li></ul>
  27. 27. Let’s start our tour in India!
  28. 28. Itinerary Day Breakfast Lunch Dinner Location of accommodation Hotel 1 Hong Kong --> Mumbai Mansingh 2 Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Jaipur 3 Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Agra Hotel Clark Shiraz 4 Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Local restaurant In the flight 5 Arrive in Hong Kong
  29. 29. Itinerary <ul><li>Day 1: Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Day 2: Delhi/Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Day 3: Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Day 4: Agra/Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Day 5: Hong Kong </li></ul>
  30. 30. Jet Airways <ul><li>Jet Airways is an airline based in Mumbai, India </li></ul><ul><li>The yellow uniform symbolizes enthusias m </li></ul><ul><li>Special service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guests can call or send SMS to friends or families in the same flight free of charge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian place high importance in the relationship of family </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Let’s get started!
  32. 32. <ul><li>Mumbai </li></ul>
  33. 33. Gateway of India
  34. 34. Gateway of India <ul><li>The structure of Gateway of India boasts a fascinating design, mixing a fully colonial sense of scale—bigger is better </li></ul><ul><li>It was made from a mixture of reinforced concrete and yellow basalt </li></ul>
  35. 35. Impact on the local tourism <ul><li>The history caused impact on the tourism industry in India and this also affect the society nowadays </li></ul><ul><li>You can find food vendors, balloon sellers, photographers, and beggars trying to make the most of the heavy tourist presence </li></ul>
  36. 36. Mansingh Group of Hotels <ul><li>Locations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mansingh Palace, Agre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mansingh Palace, Ajmer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hotel Mansingh, Jaipur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mansingh Towers, Jaipur </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rating: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5-star </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decoration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Indian style </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Royal Weddings </li></ul><ul><li>Beach Weddings </li></ul><ul><li>Cruise Weddings </li></ul>New feature – Theme weddings
  38. 38. Royal Weddings <ul><ul><li>The ceremonies perform in traditional Rajputana style of marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But unique and different palace wedding venues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In Udaipur, Devigarh, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Orchcha and Agra </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wedding carnival is just like a fairy tale </li></ul>
  39. 39. Beach Weddings
  40. 40. Cruise Weddings
  41. 41. Jaipur— The Pink City
  42. 42. Amber Fort <ul><li>Best hilltop forts in India </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the lives of gallant Rajputs – militant, adventurous, temperamental and self-indulgent </li></ul><ul><li>Elephant and lotus – perfect blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture </li></ul>
  43. 43. Symbolic meaning of elephant in India <ul><li>extremely important in Indian culture </li></ul><ul><li>the carrier (vahana) of Indra, the King of the Gods </li></ul><ul><li>transport soldiers, ammunition and supplies over extremely rough terrain where men could not go alone </li></ul><ul><li>status symbols in some temples, in circuses, and by the forest and tourism department of the government </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>beautifully-dressed elephants carry visitors to the fort </li></ul><ul><li>usually two-seated </li></ul><ul><li>give fresh and adventurous journey </li></ul>
  45. 45. Impact on service industry <ul><li>Protection of elephants is important as it contribute a lot to the tourism industry </li></ul><ul><li>A short ride with elephants to Amber Fort is always included in the tour package as it is a special kind of transportation in India </li></ul><ul><li>As the ride is only available when going up the hill, so other transportation like jeeps are provided when tourists leave </li></ul><ul><li>Although elephants are well trained, accidents may still occur. Therefore, there should be enough safety precautions to protect tourists </li></ul>
  46. 46. Hawa Mahal ( The Palace of Winds) <ul><li>Famous for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reddish-pink building made of red sandstone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>looks like a light, airy structure which might blow away with the slightest wind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With numerous arches, spires and a mind-boggling 953 latticed casements and small windows </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>Agra </li></ul>
  48. 48. Agra
  49. 49. Taj Mahal
  50. 50. Taj Mahal <ul><li>UNESCO World Heritage Site </li></ul><ul><li>“ The jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of world’s heritage” </li></ul><ul><li>Located on the right bank of the river Yamuna </li></ul><ul><li>Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal </li></ul>Floor plan of Taj Mahal
  51. 51. <ul><li>Mumtaz Mahal was born in 1593 and died in 1631 </li></ul><ul><li>It took 17 years for the monument complex to complete </li></ul><ul><li>Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural style </li></ul>Portrait of Mumtaz Mahal
  52. 53. Fatehpur Silkri
  53. 54. Fatehpur Silkri <ul><li>A UNESCO World Heritage Site </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed by Mughal emperor Akbar beginning in 1570 and served as the empire’s capital from 1571 until 1585 </li></ul><ul><li>Sikri has been mentioned in the Mahabharata as ”Saik” </li></ul><ul><li>All these palaces were built of red sandstone </li></ul><ul><li>It is prolific and versatile Indo-Muslim composite style, which is a fussion of the composite cultures of indigenous and foreign origins </li></ul>
  54. 56. Rashtrapati Bhavan
  55. 57. Rashtrapati Bhavan <ul><li>The official residence of the President of India </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi Rashtrapati Bhavan comprises of four floors and 340 rooms </li></ul><ul><li>It took 18 years to construct this building and on the 18th year of its completion, India became independent </li></ul>
  56. 58. Rashtrapati Bhavan <ul><li>The design of the building is grandly classical overall, with colors and details inspired by Indian architecture </li></ul><ul><li>These included several circular stone basins on the top of the palace, as water features are an important part of Indian architecture </li></ul><ul><li>There were also statues of elephants and fountain sculptures of cobras in the gardens </li></ul><ul><li>The dome is inspired by the Pantheon of Rome.There is also the presence of Mughal and European colonial architectural elements </li></ul>
  57. 59. A E co-friendly Tour in India
  58. 60. Rashtrapati Bhavan <ul><li>Indian like to coexistent with nature, this characteristic enables them to sets trend for eco-friendly township </li></ul><ul><li>A Nature Trail was opened in the President's estate on Saturday. It aims at promoting education about natural and environmental awareness amongst students and visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Rashtrapati Bhavan Estate here will soon have its own sewerage treatment plant that will generate all the water needed for the huge gardens on the sprawling complex </li></ul>Making organic manure from bio-degradable waste to be used in the President’s gardens
  59. 61. Street performance <ul><li>Snakes follow the music and “dance” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Snake person” usually collect tips </li></ul>
  60. 62. Impact on tourism <ul><li>Some Indians earn a living by performing in the street. This become a special feature in India </li></ul><ul><li>Such performance is forbidden in some countries due to safety reason which increase its uniqueness </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists had perception of this performance from film, cartoon and television </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, tourists are welcome to give tips to them because they know it is kind of India’s custom </li></ul>
  61. 63. <ul><li>This is the end of our trip! </li></ul>
  62. 64. References <ul><li>Hoiberg, D. and Ramchandani, I. (2000). “Geography”. Students’ Brittanica: India. Popular Prakashan. </li></ul><ul><li>Kahn, J. (10 th October 2009). “Why India Fears China”. Newsweek, October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Derbyshire, I. D. (1995). World Bibliographical Series. Oxford: ABC-CLIO Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Basham, A. L. (1989). A Cultural History of India. Delhi: Oxford University Press </li></ul><ul><li>Sengar, S. (2007). Encyclopaedia of Indian Culture. Delhi: Mehra Offset Press </li></ul><ul><li>Sharma, S.P. and Gupta, S. (2006). Fairs and Festivals of India . Pustak Mahal. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee, K. (1999). India’s Politics. Retrieved 24 th October, 2009. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Lee, R. (16 th January 2009). “Indo-Pakistani Wars and Conflicts”. The History Guy. Retrieved 23 rd October, 2009. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Zuljan, R. (16 th December 2000). “Sino Indian War 1962-1963”. Wars of the World. Retrieved 19 th October </li></ul><ul><li>2009. < > </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels Retrieved October 11, 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding themes Retrieved October 11, 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>About C larks Shiraz Retrieved October 11, 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>Hawa Mahal Jaipur Retrieved October 11, 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>Indian elephant Retrieved October 11, 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>Jaipur, India Retrieved October 11, 2009 from </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>