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India

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India

  1. 1. Indian Culture
  2. 2. India – Brief Introduction <ul><li>Capital: New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Largest City: Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>Official Language: Hindi, English </li></ul><ul><li>Area: 3,287,240 ‡  km 2   </li></ul><ul><li>Population: 2009 estimate 1,198,003,000 </li></ul><ul><li>GDP 2008 (nominal): Total $1.206 trillion </li></ul><ul><li>Currency: Indian rupee </li></ul><ul><li>Religions: Hinduism, Muslim, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Symbols of India The National Flag The National Emblem (An adaptation of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka) The National Flower - Lotus
  4. 4. Map
  5. 5. Geography <ul><li>Seventh largest country in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Largest population in the world </li></ul><ul><li>India is also a popular tropical </li></ul><ul><li>tourist attraction with many resort </li></ul><ul><li>hotels scattered across the coastal </li></ul><ul><li>areas and islands </li></ul>
  6. 6. Politics, Wars and Fears
  7. 7. Politics <ul><li>Democratic Republic </li></ul><ul><li>It gives tourists a sense of safety and familiarity and is seen to be an Asian destination that balances modernization and </li></ul><ul><li>globalization with exotic elements </li></ul><ul><li>and Asian culture (like HK) </li></ul><ul><li>Some cities and areas of India are considered “Easy Asia” for tourists. </li></ul>India states by political parties
  8. 8. Wars <ul><li>Indo-Pakistani Wars </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both India and Pakistan gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947 and almost immediately plunged into war concerning the Jammu-Kashmir region. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitality and Service industries need to be sensitive to Indo-Pakistani tensions and take it into consideration when rooming guests </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Fears <ul><li>Fears of humiliation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stemming from humiliation brought upon by British rule, Indians fear their great culture and Bollywood being ignored by the West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hospitality and service industries can be careful to be respectful and admire, not insult Indian culture and Bollywood </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Holidays, Festivals and Ceremonies
  11. 11. Holidays/Festivals <ul><li>Diwali </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A 5-day festival occurring between the end of September to the beginning of October </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Known as the Festival of Lights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Festivities: family get-togethers, decorating homes with lights etc </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Holidays/Festivals <ul><li>Gandhi Jayanti </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To celebrate the birth anniversary of Gandhi - “The father of the nation” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The man who led India to independence from the British Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different religions gather for a prayer meeting in New Delhi </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Holidays/Festivals <ul><li>Hospitality and service industries must be aware of the times of these festivals and properly acknowledge </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ceremonies <ul><li>Based on religion & culture </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a reason for relatives and friends to get together </li></ul><ul><li>Ceremonies include wedding, naming, house-warming ceremonies etc </li></ul>
  15. 15. Dressing
  16. 16. D hoti, K urta and S herwani <ul><li>M ale attire in most of the western and central regions </li></ul><ul><li>C onsists of the d hoti and kur ta </li></ul><ul><li>D hoti is considered formal wear all over the country </li></ul><ul><li>S herwani is typically worn for special occasions </li></ul>dhoti kurta sherwani
  17. 17. Saree <ul><li>Worn by women </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Saree’ comes from a Sanskrit word 'sati', which means strip of cloth </li></ul><ul><li>The Indian Saree (or Sari) boasts of oldest existence in the sartorial world </li></ul><ul><li>It is more than 5000 years old </li></ul>Saree
  18. 18. Religion <ul><li>Hinduism is the predominant religion of the Indian subcontinent </li></ul><ul><li>Muslim community is one of the world’s largest </li></ul><ul><li>As the majority of Indian associate themselves with a religion, religion tolerance is established in both law and custom </li></ul>The Hindu God
  19. 19. Religion Religions in India (ca.2001) Religion Millions % of Population Hinduism 827.6 80.5 Muslim 138.2 13.4 Christianity 24.1 2.3 Sikhism 19.2 1.9 Buddhism 7.9 0.8 Jainism 4.2 0.4 Other 6.6 0.6 Total 1.028.6 100
  20. 20. Indian Food <ul><li>Characterized with the use of spices, herbs and vegetables grown in India </li></ul><ul><li>Curry, a general variety of spiced dishes, is famous in Asian cuisine </li></ul>
  21. 21. Music <ul><li>Can be traced back to the Vedic Period </li></ul><ul><li>The oldest form of music was used as sacred hymns </li></ul><ul><li>Nowadays, the Indian music is known to be performed through three modes – vocal music, instrumental music and dance. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Sports <ul><li>Field Hockey </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Field hockey is the National Game of India </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cricket </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cricket is the most popular sport in India </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. International arrival <ul><li>International tourist arrivals to India of 2009 will exceed 5.5 million. And international arrivals to India will grow to over 5.9 million in 2010 and cross 6.3 million by 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>It also predicts that the average annual growth rate in international arrivals to India will be 5.85 per cent in the 2007-2011 period and 7.46 per cent for 2009-10. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Travelling tips* <ul><li>Mid-June to mid-August is the rainy season of India. Transportation may be disrupted due to the rainstorm. Try to avoid the rainy season when you travel to India! </li></ul><ul><li>It is very common to see flight delay or even flight cancellation in India, be prepared! </li></ul>
  25. 25. Travelling tips* <ul><li>Remember to take off your shoes in temples! </li></ul><ul><li>Wearing shorts or skirts is prohibited in the Muslim temples. Also, don’t enter those private areas of the temple, it would be disrespectful to do so! </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t use your left hands when dealing with Indians as left hands are sacred for them! </li></ul>
  26. 26. Dining tips* <ul><li>Indians view cows as god or mother, never order beef in restaurants as this shows disrespectful of their culture! </li></ul><ul><li>Eating uncooked food is prohibited in Indian culture and also dangerous in the poor sanitation conditions. Don’t buy food from hawkers! </li></ul><ul><li>Indian food mostly contains curry. If you are not a fan of it, remember to specify that when you order! </li></ul>
  27. 27. Let’s start our tour in India!
  28. 28. Itinerary Day Breakfast Lunch Dinner Location of accommodation Hotel 1 Hong Kong --> Mumbai Mansingh 2 Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Jaipur 3 Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Agra Hotel Clark Shiraz 4 Buffet in hotel Buffet in hotel Local restaurant In the flight 5 Arrive in Hong Kong
  29. 29. Itinerary <ul><li>Day 1: Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Day 2: Delhi/Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Day 3: Jaipur </li></ul><ul><li>Day 4: Agra/Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Day 5: Hong Kong </li></ul>
  30. 30. Jet Airways <ul><li>Jet Airways is an airline based in Mumbai, India </li></ul><ul><li>The yellow uniform symbolizes enthusias m </li></ul><ul><li>Special service </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Guests can call or send SMS to friends or families in the same flight free of charge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian place high importance in the relationship of family </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. Let’s get started!
  32. 32. <ul><li>Mumbai </li></ul>
  33. 33. Gateway of India
  34. 34. Gateway of India <ul><li>The structure of Gateway of India boasts a fascinating design, mixing a fully colonial sense of scale—bigger is better </li></ul><ul><li>It was made from a mixture of reinforced concrete and yellow basalt </li></ul>
  35. 35. Impact on the local tourism <ul><li>The history caused impact on the tourism industry in India and this also affect the society nowadays </li></ul><ul><li>You can find food vendors, balloon sellers, photographers, and beggars trying to make the most of the heavy tourist presence </li></ul>
  36. 36. Mansingh Group of Hotels <ul><li>Locations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mansingh Palace, Agre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mansingh Palace, Ajmer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hotel Mansingh, Jaipur </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mansingh Towers, Jaipur </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rating: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>5-star </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Decoration: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional Indian style </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Royal Weddings </li></ul><ul><li>Beach Weddings </li></ul><ul><li>Cruise Weddings </li></ul>New feature – Theme weddings
  38. 38. Royal Weddings <ul><ul><li>The ceremonies perform in traditional Rajputana style of marriage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But unique and different palace wedding venues </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In Udaipur, Devigarh, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Orchcha and Agra </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wedding carnival is just like a fairy tale </li></ul>
  39. 39. Beach Weddings
  40. 40. Cruise Weddings
  41. 41. Jaipur— The Pink City
  42. 42. Amber Fort <ul><li>Best hilltop forts in India </li></ul><ul><li>Shows the lives of gallant Rajputs – militant, adventurous, temperamental and self-indulgent </li></ul><ul><li>Elephant and lotus – perfect blend of Hindu and Muslim architecture </li></ul>
  43. 43. Symbolic meaning of elephant in India <ul><li>extremely important in Indian culture </li></ul><ul><li>the carrier (vahana) of Indra, the King of the Gods </li></ul><ul><li>transport soldiers, ammunition and supplies over extremely rough terrain where men could not go alone </li></ul><ul><li>status symbols in some temples, in circuses, and by the forest and tourism department of the government </li></ul>
  44. 44. <ul><li>beautifully-dressed elephants carry visitors to the fort </li></ul><ul><li>usually two-seated </li></ul><ul><li>give fresh and adventurous journey </li></ul>
  45. 45. Impact on service industry <ul><li>Protection of elephants is important as it contribute a lot to the tourism industry </li></ul><ul><li>A short ride with elephants to Amber Fort is always included in the tour package as it is a special kind of transportation in India </li></ul><ul><li>As the ride is only available when going up the hill, so other transportation like jeeps are provided when tourists leave </li></ul><ul><li>Although elephants are well trained, accidents may still occur. Therefore, there should be enough safety precautions to protect tourists </li></ul>
  46. 46. Hawa Mahal ( The Palace of Winds) <ul><li>Famous for </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reddish-pink building made of red sandstone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>looks like a light, airy structure which might blow away with the slightest wind </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With numerous arches, spires and a mind-boggling 953 latticed casements and small windows </li></ul>
  47. 47. <ul><li>Agra </li></ul>
  48. 48. Agra
  49. 49. Taj Mahal
  50. 50. Taj Mahal <ul><li>UNESCO World Heritage Site </li></ul><ul><li>“ The jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of world’s heritage” </li></ul><ul><li>Located on the right bank of the river Yamuna </li></ul><ul><li>Built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his favourite wife, Mumtaz Mahal </li></ul>Floor plan of Taj Mahal
  51. 51. <ul><li>Mumtaz Mahal was born in 1593 and died in 1631 </li></ul><ul><li>It took 17 years for the monument complex to complete </li></ul><ul><li>Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural style </li></ul>Portrait of Mumtaz Mahal
  52. 53. Fatehpur Silkri
  53. 54. Fatehpur Silkri <ul><li>A UNESCO World Heritage Site </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed by Mughal emperor Akbar beginning in 1570 and served as the empire’s capital from 1571 until 1585 </li></ul><ul><li>Sikri has been mentioned in the Mahabharata as ”Saik” </li></ul><ul><li>All these palaces were built of red sandstone </li></ul><ul><li>It is prolific and versatile Indo-Muslim composite style, which is a fussion of the composite cultures of indigenous and foreign origins </li></ul>
  54. 56. Rashtrapati Bhavan
  55. 57. Rashtrapati Bhavan <ul><li>The official residence of the President of India </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi Rashtrapati Bhavan comprises of four floors and 340 rooms </li></ul><ul><li>It took 18 years to construct this building and on the 18th year of its completion, India became independent </li></ul>
  56. 58. Rashtrapati Bhavan <ul><li>The design of the building is grandly classical overall, with colors and details inspired by Indian architecture </li></ul><ul><li>These included several circular stone basins on the top of the palace, as water features are an important part of Indian architecture </li></ul><ul><li>There were also statues of elephants and fountain sculptures of cobras in the gardens </li></ul><ul><li>The dome is inspired by the Pantheon of Rome.There is also the presence of Mughal and European colonial architectural elements </li></ul>
  57. 59. A E co-friendly Tour in India
  58. 60. Rashtrapati Bhavan <ul><li>Indian like to coexistent with nature, this characteristic enables them to sets trend for eco-friendly township </li></ul><ul><li>A Nature Trail was opened in the President's estate on Saturday. It aims at promoting education about natural and environmental awareness amongst students and visitors </li></ul><ul><li>Rashtrapati Bhavan Estate here will soon have its own sewerage treatment plant that will generate all the water needed for the huge gardens on the sprawling complex </li></ul>Making organic manure from bio-degradable waste to be used in the President’s gardens
  59. 61. Street performance <ul><li>Snakes follow the music and “dance” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Snake person” usually collect tips </li></ul>
  60. 62. Impact on tourism <ul><li>Some Indians earn a living by performing in the street. This become a special feature in India </li></ul><ul><li>Such performance is forbidden in some countries due to safety reason which increase its uniqueness </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists had perception of this performance from film, cartoon and television </li></ul><ul><li>Usually, tourists are welcome to give tips to them because they know it is kind of India’s custom </li></ul>
  61. 63. <ul><li>This is the end of our trip! </li></ul>
  62. 64. References <ul><li>Hoiberg, D. and Ramchandani, I. (2000). “Geography”. Students’ Brittanica: India. Popular Prakashan. </li></ul><ul><li>Kahn, J. (10 th October 2009). “Why India Fears China”. Newsweek, October 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Derbyshire, I. D. (1995). World Bibliographical Series. Oxford: ABC-CLIO Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Basham, A. L. (1989). A Cultural History of India. Delhi: Oxford University Press </li></ul><ul><li>Sengar, S. (2007). Encyclopaedia of Indian Culture. Delhi: Mehra Offset Press </li></ul><ul><li>Sharma, S.P. and Gupta, S. (2006). Fairs and Festivals of India . Pustak Mahal. </li></ul><ul><li>Lee, K. (1999). India’s Politics. Retrieved 24 th October, 2009. < http://www.asianinfo.org/asianinfo/india/politics.htm > </li></ul><ul><li>Lee, R. (16 th January 2009). “Indo-Pakistani Wars and Conflicts”. The History Guy. Retrieved 23 rd October, 2009. < http://www.historyguy.com/indo_pakistani-wars.html > </li></ul><ul><li>Zuljan, R. (16 th December 2000). “Sino Indian War 1962-1963”. Wars of the World. Retrieved 19 th October </li></ul><ul><li>2009. < http://www.onwar.com/aced/nation/ink/india/findiachina1962.htm > </li></ul><ul><li>Hotels Retrieved October 11, 2009 from http://www.mansinghhotels.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Wedding themes Retrieved October 11, 2009 from http://weddings.travelmasti.com/index.html </li></ul><ul><li>About C larks Shiraz Retrieved October 11, 2009 from http://www.hotelclarksshiraz.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Hawa Mahal Jaipur Retrieved October 11, 2009 from http://www.indiasite.com/rajasthan/jaipur/hawamahal.html </li></ul><ul><li>Indian elephant Retrieved October 11, 2009 from http://www.honoluluzoo.org/indian_elephant.htm </li></ul><ul><li>Jaipur, India Retrieved October 11, 2009 from http://travel.yahoo.com/p-travelguide-485429-jaipur_vacations-i </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>

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