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  • 01 20100111 En

    1. 1. Digital Taiwan – Culture & Nature Project Director: Dr. Kwang-Tsao Shao ( 邵廣昭研究員 ) Project Co-Director: Dr. Cheng-Yun Liu ( 劉錚雲研究員 ) Project assistants: Kun-Chi Lai ( 賴昆祺 ) Lee-Sea Chen ( 陳麗西 ) Jun-He Gao ( 高君和 ) Chih-Jen Ko ( 柯智仁 ) Elie Chen ( 陳岳智 )
    2. 2. Phase I: National Digital Archives Program (NDAP) <ul><li>From 2002 to 2006, representative material of Taiwan’s assets were digitized and over three million pieces were accumulated. </li></ul><ul><li>An national effort on archiving the diversity of Taiwan that includes cultural heritage and natural resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Participating organizations include Academia Sinica, National Palace Museum, National Taiwan University, National Museum of Natural Science, National Museum of History, Taiwan Historica, National Archives Administration, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Contents can be accessed through one window - Union Catalog. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Phase II: Taiwan e-Learning and Digital Archives Program (TELDAP) <ul><li>NDAP and e_Learning program were integrated in 2008. Division VIII (International Collaboration and Promotion) was established to promote internationalization and enhance global awareness of TELDAP, and establish an cooperation network. </li></ul><ul><li>English portal “ Digital Taiwan – Culture & Nature ” was created </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To complement existing Chinese portal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To integrate non-TELDAP digitalization results to broaden contents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To conduct cross-discipline cooperation and explore Taiwan history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To share Taiwan’s digitization achievements with global community and contribute to international digitization effort </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Advantages of Digital Taiwan – Culture & Nature (1) Culture <ul><li>Sinology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic resources for Chinese language and literature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Metal and Stone Rubbings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancient books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rare book collections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Documents </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key assets of art, history, literature, philosophy, etc. are translated year by year from Chinese into English. Search function is provided by the portal for easy access to the contents. </li></ul>On Chin Paper / Mi Fu (National Palace Museum)
    5. 5. Advantages of Digital Taiwan – Culture & Nature (2) Biodiversity <ul><li>Land Area of the Earth : 150,142,300 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Taiwan : 35,800 km 2 </li></ul><ul><li>Area of Taiwan/World : 0.02% </li></ul><ul><li>Fishes : 2,900/26,000 = 10% </li></ul><ul><li>Birds : 456/9,040 = 4.65% </li></ul><ul><li>Mammals : 71/4,000 = 1.78% </li></ul><ul><li>Reptiles : 97/6,300 = 1.54% </li></ul><ul><li>Amphibians : 34/4.84 = 0.84% </li></ul><ul><li>Insects : 20,000/751,000 = 2.6% </li></ul><ul><li>Plants : 4,000/200,000 = 2% of global plant diversity </li></ul>Tropic of Cancer
    6. 6. Framework
    7. 7. Challenges <ul><li>Union Catalog, created by NDAP, uses Dublin Core metadata which is not suitable for biological collections. </li></ul><ul><li>Translation pace is slow since digitized material are highly professional and expert assistances are needed. </li></ul><ul><li>IPR problem </li></ul><ul><li>How to raise public interest </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce interesting presentation platform (multimedia, 3D) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage and attract public interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long-term and sustainable management </li></ul>
    8. 9. Our Solutions (1) <ul><li>Establish collection level </li></ul><ul><li>Website navigation menu: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exhibition ( 展覽 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facets of Taiwan ( 珍藏特展 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Slice of Wonder ( 精品賞析 ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educational Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo Gallery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increase collaborative organizations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TELDAP institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-TELDAP institutions such as Government Information Office, Tourism Bureau, and National Museum of Taiwan Literature. </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. Our Solutions (2) <ul><li>Serve the needs of biodiversity community and integrate Taiwan’s vast amount of species occurrence data (estimated to be more than one million records). </li></ul><ul><li>Most biological information are in the forms of numbers and tables, without the translation problem. </li></ul><ul><li>There are successful international examples to follow: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GBIF (TAPIR and Darwin Core) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EOL (LifeDesk) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catalogue of Life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barcode of Life </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. Integrate domestic biodiversity databases and link to global databases GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility) ) Species 2000 (COL), EOL, BOL, TOL, ITIS, BIOS, BioNET-International, etc. Species 2000 AO, ASEANET, PACINET, PBIF, etc. Global species databases e.g. FishBase , AntBase, AlgaeBase, etc. TELDAP / TaiBIF (national node of GBIF) Global Regional (Asia, Asia Oceania or Pacific) Taiwan TaiBNET (species checklist & experts namelist) TELDAP (specimen database) TBRD (distribution database) Biodiversity Local organisms database (e.g. Fish Database of Taiwan ) Local Institutions, NGOs, heritages, projects and publications, etc.
    11. 12. Our Solutions (3) <ul><li>Serve the needs of international cultural community. Together with Sub-Project 1’s multilingual project, which concentrates on translating the Union Catalog material, to present to the world an easy and accessible choice to Taiwan’s numerous archives. </li></ul>
    12. 13. culture.tedap.tw 快速瀏覽本站最新消息、計畫簡介、展示櫥窗,與個人化設定 Selections of news, showcases, introductions to TELDAP programs, and visitor customization 精品賞析與珍藏特展 “ A Slice of Wonder” and “Facets of Taiwan” sections 宣傳影片 Promotion video 精品賞析隨選 Randomly chosen item from “A Slice of Wonder” 合作單位網址連結 Links to collaborative institutions 以主題、機構、時間軸、字母排序方式查詢數典計畫網址與資料庫內容 TELDAP-database search by subject, institution, time period or title
    13. 14. Collection Level Description (1) <ul><li>Collection Level Description : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Simple Collection Description of eLib Collection Description Working Group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Collection Description Schema of Research Support Libraries Programme (RSLP) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dublin Core Collection Description of Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Named the “TELDAP Collection Description Element Set” </li></ul></ul>
    14. 15. Collection Level Description (2) <ul><li>TELDAP Collection Description Element Set : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>20 fields: Title, Subject, Description, O wner, Publisher, Date (Digital and Physical), Language, Coverage (Temporal and Spatial), Sub-Collection, Super-Collection, Associated Collection, Type, Identifier, Access Times, Location, Admin, Rights, Access Policy, Notes, and Sponsor </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Collection level Description The Tan-Hsin Archives 署理新竹縣正堂劉為示知事 具領狀 案下戶總書胡方為遵批稟舉懇恩標賞歸辦事 http://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/dacs5/System/Organization/List.jsp?&CID=16807
    16. 17. Collection Level Description
    17. 18. Facets of Taiwan (1) Example 1: Streets of Old An oxcart is used to transport wood, photographed in 1955. It used to be a main transportation in Taiwan before the railroads were developed. Photo by: GIO Photographer (1955-00-00)
    18. 19. Facets of Taiwan Example 2: Taiwan’s Offshore Islands Jishan Islet's basalt landscape in Penghu Photo by: Shang Lei Jen
    19. 20. Facets of Taiwan (3) <ul><li>The Beauty of TAIWAN (Views from FORMOSAT-2) </li></ul>The Story of the National Flag of the Republic of China Endemic Plants in Taiwan More: http://culture.teldap.tw/culture/showcases-mainmenu-186/facets-of-taiwan.html
    20. 21. A Slice of Wonder (1)
    21. 22. A Slice of Wonder (2)
    22. 23. Expand Scope of Cooperation with Non-TELDAP Programs Government Information Office Tourism Bureau National Museum of Taiwan Literature Joomla Chinese Community
    23. 24. Produce Special Features (1) <ul><li>3D multimedia special feature </li></ul><ul><li>Utilize 3D animation technique to highlight stories behind each digitized items </li></ul><ul><li>Provide audio-teaching model </li></ul><ul><li>Use Adobe Papervision 3D </li></ul>
    24. 25. Produce Special Features (2) 達悟族人拼板舟( The Tatala Boat ) 皇帶魚( The Earthquake Fish ) 鍬形蟲( The Shovel Bug ) 人面陶罐( The Earthenware )
    25. 26. Biodiversity Integration Platform <ul><li>Main source of data: TELDAP </li></ul><ul><li>Non-TELDAP sources: Bioresource Collection and Research Center, Council of Agriculture’s Vegetation Mapping, Endemic Species Research Institute’s Wild Animal Database and Wild Plant Database, etc. </li></ul>
    26. 27. Information Architecture Endemic Species Research Institute Food Industry Research and Development Institute Academic Sinica National Taiwan University National Museum of Natural Science Others TAPIR Darwin core 1.4 Darwin core 1.4 (Chinese field) + Custom field Data in English Data in Chinese Collaboration Institutions TELDAP
    27. 28. <ul><li>Four search options to access data: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By scientific name: basic and advanced </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By classification: taxonomic navigation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By institution or data provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By location (Google Maps) </li></ul></ul>Search Function
    28. 29. Synonyms Data from various herbariums and museums Specimen locations in Google Maps; default area is 40 x 40 km
    29. 30. 1. Page no. 2. No. of records shown 3. Total no. of records 4. Sort order 5. Expand/collapse table 6. Field width adjustment 7. Search
    30. 31. 10 x 10 km
    31. 32. Specimen Data Display 1. Taxonomy 2. Collection data 3. Image 4. Geographical data
    32. 33. Example 1: Searching by Scientific Name (basic) Synonym
    33. 34. Example 2: Browsing by Classification <ul><li>Taxonomic navigation (same as TaiBNET) </li></ul>Entries in white: Aggregated specimen or observation data Entries in gray: No data available
    34. 35. Example 3: Searching for Specimen (Animals and Plants) Data in the National Museum of Natural Science
    35. 36. Example 4: Overlaying Google Map and Historical Map Specimen data (1911-05-20) Googlemaps are modernmaps
    36. 37. Example 4 (cont’d): Overlaying Google Map and Historical Map Specimen data (1911-08-25) Early Taiwan map (1898~ 1904)
    37. 38. Data provider Dataset Items TELDAP Herbarium of Taiwan Forestry Research Institute - TAIF 43,162  Herbarium of National Taiwan University - TAI 83,228  National Museum of Natural Science - NMNS 16,243  Herbarium, Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica - HAST 42,124  Endemic Species Research Institute (plants) - TESRI 24,440  Fish Database of Taiwan (fish data from 9 institutions) 44,683  Taiwan Forestry Research Institute, Insect Museum 29,184  Others (in progress) >70,000  TaiBIF 1979 - 2003 vegetation survey data 78,620  Bird observational data 58,024  National Museum of Natural Science (specimens; in progress) 500,000  Endemic Species Research Institute (wild animals; in progress) 200,000  COA (ecological observation data; in progress) 800,000  Taiwan vegetation mapping (in progress) 170,000  Bioresource Collection and Research Center 4 datasets 4,079 
    38. 39. http://data.gbif.org/ws/rest/ occurrence / list /? Scientificname=Begonia%20formosana&format=kml Occurrence data - KML GBIF’s global distribution of Begonia Taiwan’s data can be accessed through global databases (1)
    39. 40. Taiwan’s data can be accessed through global databases such as OBIS (2)
    40. 41. Belgium’s national biodiversity portal Taiwan’s data can be accessed through global databases (3) GIS map from Canada’s national biodiversity portal
    41. 42. Digitization of Taiwan Museum Collections Deposited in Foreign Countries http://dlm.ntu.edu.tw/upload/%7BFE9C2685-76DB-4033-897A-6D28020595E2%7D/updated%2020090723%20 數位典藏與學習之領域知識 .pdf
    42. 43. Partners List 地區 機構名稱 UK <ul><li>Natural History Museum </li></ul><ul><li>愛丁堡植物標本館 </li></ul>Hungary 國立自然史博物館 (HNHM) Austria 自然史博物館 ( NMW ) Japan 神奈川縣立生命之星─地球博物館 Kanagawa Prefectural Museum of Natural History USA <ul><li>American Museum of Natural History </li></ul><ul><li>Bernice P. Bishop Museum </li></ul><ul><li>California Academy of Sciences </li></ul><ul><li>Smithsonian Institution - Division of Fishes </li></ul>Denmark Zoological Museum University of Copenhagen Sweden Swedish Museum of Natural History 地區 機構名稱 Chain <ul><li>福建省檔案館 Fujian Provincial Archives </li></ul><ul><li>廈門市檔案館 Xiamen Archives </li></ul><ul><li>遼寧省檔案館 Liaoning Archives </li></ul><ul><li>大連市檔案館 Dalian Archives </li></ul>USA 美國空軍歷史部 Maxwell Air Force Base korea 國史編纂委員會 National Institute of Korean History 韓國國立中央圖書館 The National Library of Korea Japan <ul><li>宮內廳書陵部 </li></ul><ul><li>Imperial Household Agency/Archive Division </li></ul><ul><li>東京都公文書館 </li></ul><ul><li>Tokyo Metropolitan Archives </li></ul><ul><li>愛知大學豐橋圖書館、東亞同文書院紀念中心 </li></ul><ul><li>Library of Toyohashi Campus and Tao Dobunshoin University Memorial Center, Aichi University </li></ul>
    43. 44. Future Development <ul><li>Continue to enrich contents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve translation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase collaboration institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Encourage public participation (Web 2.0 applications) </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Explore co-creation possibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Boost international exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Apply and promote contents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3D, Second Life </li></ul></ul>
    44. 45. Thank you for your attention!