PPT - Monroe Doctrine - IIA2

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Oral presentation: Monroe Doctrine - IIA2

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PPT - Monroe Doctrine - IIA2

  1. 1. MONROE DOCTRINE (1823)
  2. 2. What is a doctrine? <ul><li>Codification of beliefs or a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system. </li></ul><ul><li>A Belief or set of believes which is taught. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Monroe Doctrine <ul><li>Formulated in 1823 by the fifth U.S. President James Monroe, the Doctrine has served as the philosophical justification for two centuries in allowing intervention throughout the Americas by the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>The primarily responsible for the doctrine was Monroe's Secretary of State, John Quincy Adams </li></ul>
  4. 4. Some United States interventions in Latin America <ul><li>1850, 1853, 1854, 1857 U.S. interventions in  Nicaragua . </li></ul><ul><li>  1856 First of five U.S. interventions in  Panama  to protect the Atlantic-Pacific railroad from Panamanian nationalists. </li></ul><ul><li>  1905 U.S. troops land in  Honduras  for the first of 5 times in next 20 years.  </li></ul><ul><li>1906 Marines occupy  Cuba  for two years in order to prevent a civil war. </li></ul><ul><li>  1961 U.S. organizes force of 1400 anti-Castro  Cubans , ships it to the Bahía de los Cochinos. Castro's army routs it.  </li></ul><ul><li>1961 CIA-backed coup overthrows elected Pres. J. M. Velasco Ibarra of  Ecuador , who has been too friendly with Cuba. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>1961 CIA-backed coup overthrows elected Pres. J. M. Velasco Ibarra of  Ecuador , who has been too friendly with Cuba. </li></ul><ul><li>1989 U.S. invades  Panama  to dislodge CIA boy gone wrong Manuel Noriega, an event which marks the evolution of the U.S.'s favorite excuse from Communism to drugs.  1996 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Monroe Doctrine Today <ul><li>George H.W. Bush's invasion of Panama in 1991 represents the last unilateral action taken by the United States against a Latin government. </li></ul><ul><li>American involvement in Central and South American affairs has been almost entirely economic. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Daniel Ortega, President of Nicaragua, states that the CELAC (Community of Latin American and Caribbean States) is the “death sentence” of the Monroe Doctrine. </li></ul>

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