I World War - UK


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I World War - UK

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I World War - UK

  1. 1. Digna Sanchez Alberto Marin
  2. 2. World war I <ul><li>It started on July 28 th 1914 and finished on November 11 th of 1918 . </li></ul><ul><li>Know how “the great war” too, It was centered in Europe. Another locations of the World war were Africa, The Middle East, The Pacific Islands, China , etc. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the 2 nd bloodiest conflicted of the history. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Causes <ul><li>Long-term causes : The imperialistic foreign policies of the great powers of Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>Main cause: The assassination on June 28 th 1914 of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, by Gavrilio Princip (a Yugoslav nationalist). It resulted in a Habsburg ultimatum against the Kingdom of Serbia) </li></ul><ul><li>On June 28 th , the conflict opened with the Austro- Hungarian invasion of Serbia. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Countries <ul><li>The battle was fought by the Allies on one side , and the Central powers on the other. </li></ul><ul><li>The Allies: France, The United Kingdom, Russian, Canada, Portugal, Japan, The United States (from 1917) and Italy (after she abandoned the Triple Alliance. </li></ul><ul><li>and The Central powers of Europe: The German Empire, The Austro-Hungarian Empire and The Ottoman Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>The fact that the United States declared war against The Great Power was that made the war to be a world war. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Great Britain <ul><li>One of the reasons why Great Britain entered the conflict was that she was allied with France by The treaty of London of 1839 . </li></ul><ul><li>This treaty placed a “moral obligation” between these countries. So, when France declared war against Germany, Britain entered the conflict too, she had to defend her. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Consequences <ul><li>The Allies won the war. </li></ul><ul><li>The map of changed: End of German, Russian, Ottoman and Austro-Hungarian empires. </li></ul><ul><li>The war had left profound economic consequences. </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of diseases appeared . </li></ul><ul><li>More than 8 million dead. </li></ul>
  7. 7. George V <ul><li>He was the king of United Kingdom and the British Dominions. </li></ul><ul><li>He became the first monarch of the House of Windsor, wich he renamed to the House Of. Saxe-Coburg and Gotha as a result of Anti-German sentiment. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Recruitment and conscription <ul><li>In the first two months of war over 225.000 men had signed up to fight. </li></ul><ul><li>Conscription was instroduced in January 1916 for single men, and extended in May to all men aged 18 to 41. </li></ul><ul><li>U.K. Mobilized over 8.950.000 men to the war and lost at least 3.200.000 millions of soliders. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Importance of Media <ul><li>Was an important part for kept the high moral. </li></ul><ul><li>The government produced a large quantities of propaganga. </li></ul><ul><li>Also, they had two regulations restricting what they could publish. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation 18, prohibited the leakage of sensitive military information. </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation 27, made an offence to spread false reports, spread reports that were likely to predjuce recruitment or cause disaffection to His Majesty. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Social change <ul><li>This war is credited by introduced women into mainstream employment for the first time. </li></ul><ul><li>Women were required to take on many of the traditional male roles. </li></ul><ul><li>Particulary, women worked in the arms manufacture’s area. </li></ul><ul><li>The number Of. Women employed increased from 33.000 in 1911 to over 102.000 by 1921. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Final consequences in U.K. <ul><li>With the Treaty of Versailles, U.K. found itself in charge Of. An additioanl 1.800.000 square milles and 13 millions new subjects. </li></ul><ul><li>U.K. lost his paramount position as the leading power of the world. </li></ul>