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Future of Book


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Future of books
Ken states the future of the ebook and the advantage of the using ebook. In the future there are going to be high demand of the ebook in the library. Due to the tiny footprint and instant deliever and price is cheaper, more and more people enjoy reading the ebooks.
EBook provide a very high quality, full accessible to screen reader and blind readers. It is simple and intuitive by using Kindle, Blio, VitalSource Bookshelf, etc. The device has enhanced accessibility and appropriate for mandated use in an educational context. For instance, high-quality reading technology products which zooms portions of pages incrementally under control and which could be helpful for readers with attention and other cognitive disabilities.

John D Sutter, the writer and online journalist at CNN, explains that Libraries will use RSS Feeds, Social Networking Sites, and Virtual Reference Desk to communicate with patrons. However, the library will be the same but there will be a world’s largest library online in 2020. Library will be a community gathering centre, where people can access and share information easily. In 2020, as books will go digital library system will also go for complete transformation. The information is becoming more social and online, librarians will be more moderators and supportive to community. This article also explains that Libraries will create mobile apps for patrons to use Library resources on their Smartphone’s. Libraries will stay open 24/7.

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Future of Book

  1. 1. Future of books<br />Group Final Project of CULT 10102G<br />By:<br />JungaiXu, ChunyanQi<br />MengqiRen, AneelaIqbal<br />April 20, 2011<br />
  2. 2. Ebooks, ebook readers<br /><br />
  3. 3. The Earliest ebook<br />Recording Historic structures<br />This book is dedicated to the continue of talented and committed individuals<br />The person over seven decades, have developed the standards and guild lines of the Historic American Building Survey.<br />Historic American Engineering Record<br />Historic American Landscapes Survey<br />
  4. 4. The effects of the ebooks<br />There is a question of volume and value. eBooks sell many copies but are cheaper in terms of value. So they may change the way books are sold, but they don't bring in the same amount of cash. <br /><br />
  5. 5. The future of the ebook<br />Self-publishing is the <br />future<br />Our first eBook in Hebrew! A powerful love story about<br /> soccer, forbidden love and more!<br /><br />
  6. 6. Harry Potter eBooks put on hold by JK Rowling<br />the final Harry Potter film, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 2, is set for release this summer<br />so for the sake of rabid Harry Potter fans everywhere<br />we hope that Rowling makes up her mind about e-books by then. <br />
  7. 7. Advantage of the e-books<br />Ebooks have the advantage of a tiny footprint and instant delivery. <br />Thanks to Kindle and iPad, reading ebooks has become cool.<br /><br />
  8. 8. E-books changed the world<br />Technology and Internet have changed things upside down in a lot of verticals. Ebook readers are spreading the culture of reading ebooks like wildfire. <br />Internet is by far the cheapest yet the most efficient distribution system with a global reach for digital products<br />
  9. 9. eBook sales overtake paperbacks for the first time <br />At the moment only 5% of book sales in the UK come from ebooks<br />But the figure is much higher, at 13%, in the US – and it is likely that Britain will follow suit. <br /><br />
  10. 10. The library demand more e-books<br />Ebook is the futureholdings for libraries. "Libraries are always in a state of change as society changes, but obviously that rate of change is now escalating dramatically," Whitney said. <br />Ebooksare a key example need to increase the volume<br />
  11. 11. E-books takes the advantage of the new technology<br />This after reports of weak sales for Motorola's Xoom and reported delays for future<br />Android 3.0 "Honeycomb" tablets; <br />specifically, some industry watchers are again calling for an <br />launch a tablet that could increase the sales of the e-books <br />Buy or sell from our eBook library and store.retrived from <br /><br />
  12. 12. The disadvantage of the ebook<br />FIVE things you can do with a book but not with an eBook. <br />1. Swat that annoying fly crawling on your arm at the beach. <br />2. Add it to your collection of favourites to be flicked through at leisure. <br />3. Lend it to your mates so they can enjoy it too. <br />4. Jot down the mobile number of the person you were flirting with on the train on the inside cover. <br />5. Read it on the loo without risking a costly accident. <br />
  13. 13. FUTURE OF LITERACY<br /><br />
  14. 14. lit·er·a·cy<br />the quality or state of being literate<br />(Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary, 2010 )<br />lit·er·a·te<br />a: educated, cultured<br />b: able to read and write<br />(Merriam-Webster’s Dictionary, 2010) <br />Henk, B. (2010). How Literate is Milwaukee Anyway?. Retrieved from<br />
  15. 15. Definition of literacy by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO):<br />Literacy is the ability to identify, understand,<br />interpret, create, communicate, compute and use <br />printed and written materials associated with varying <br />contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning to <br />enable an individual to achieve his or her goals, to <br />develop his or her knowledge and potential, and to <br />participate fully in the wider society. <br /> (UNESCO, 2009)<br />
  16. 16. More about literacy ……<br />Literacy is at the heart of education<br /> Literacy is a human right<br /> Literacy is a tool of personal <br /> empowerment<br /> Literacy is a means for social and human <br /> development (UNESCO, 2009)<br />Act On Literacy. (2011). Retrieved from<br />
  17. 17. International Literacy Day8 September <br />Since from the year 1965 authorized by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)<br />Aims to heighten people's awareness and concern <br /> for literacy issues in the world<br />Highlights the significance of literacy<br /> in areas of health and education<br />International Literacy Day Clip Art. (n.d.).Retrieved from <br /><br />
  18. 18. Essential Skills<br />Traditionally, literacy includes the following <br />four skills: <br />Reading<br /> Writing<br /> Document Use<br /> Numeracy<br />(Human Recourse and Skills Development <br />Canada, 2011 )<br />Reading. (n.d.). Retrieved from<br />Writing. (n.d.). Retrieved from<br />Numeracy Games. (n.d.). Retrieved from <br /><br />Clip Art Guide. (2008).Retrieved from<br /><br />
  19. 19. The History of Literacy<br />3500 B.C The earliest examples of graphic written <br /> communication appeared<br />2500 B.C. Animal skins are used for scrolls in Western Asia.<br />1300 B.C. Chinese ancestors used oracle bones to <br /> communicate <br />950 B.C. Leather was made and used for writing<br />700 B.C. Bamboo was used for writing by Chinese ancestors<br />200 B.C. Both Greeks and Romans used wax tablets, framed <br /> and backed with wood, for note taking, orders, <br /> correspondence, and other temporary information<br />(TIME-TABLE (CHRONOLOGICAL), 1998)<br />
  20. 20. The History of Literacy (cont’d)<br />105 Chinese history recorded that papermaking was invented by Cai<br />Lun in Louyang, China. Paper had, in fact, been made in China <br /> for at least two hundred years before this date. The first <br /> papers were made from bark and used fish nets.<br />370 It was said 28 public libraries in Rome <br />868 The first book printed on paper in China in block <br /> printed Buddhist scripts.<br />1455 Block Books in Europe, between 1455 and 1510.<br />1469 Bookbinding, the first time the roller or roulette <br /> appeared in German binderies<br />1516 Johan Froben of Basle published New Testament in Greek<br />1709 Copyright Act in England<br />1922 Oxford Bibliographical Society founded<br />(TIME-TABLE (CHRONOLOGICAL), 1998)<br />
  21. 21. Future of literacy in a digital era<br />The concept of digital literacy was introduced by Paul Gilster in his book of the same name in 1997<br />It is an ability to understand and to use information from a variety of digital sources<br />It is regarded as literacy in the digital age<br />It has also been adopted by UNESCO as an important tool for national and international development<br />It is a framework for integrating various other literacy and skill-sets<br />(Bawden, D., 2008)<br />
  22. 22. Future of literacy in a digital era (cont’d)<br />Digital literacy is seen as a linear series of sequential steps, typically:<br />recognising a need for information<br />identifying what information is needed<br />finding the information<br />evaluating the information<br />organising the information<br />using the information<br />(Bawden, D., 2008)<br />
  23. 23. Future of literacy in a digital era (cont’d)<br />Digital literacy can be regarded as a cycle of five <br />supporting interrelated competencies<br />(Penchey, N., 2010)<br />ELT and the Crisis in Education: Digital Literacy, <br />(2010), Retrieved from<br />
  24. 24. Essential Competencies of Digital Literacy<br />1. ACCESS  Finding and using media and technology tools skilfully <br /> and sharing appropriate and relevant information with others2. ANALYZE & EVALUATE  Comprehending messages and using <br /> critical thinking to analyze message quality, veracity, credibility, <br /> and point of view, while considering potential effects or <br /> consequences of messages3. CREATE  Composing or generating content using creativity and confidence <br /> in self-expression, with awareness of purpose, audience, and composition <br /> techniques4. REFLECT  Applying social responsibility and ethical principles to one’s own <br /> identity and lived experience, communication behaviour and conduct5. ACT  Working individually and collaboratively to share knowledge and <br /> solve problems in the family, the workplace and the community, and <br /> participating as a member of a community at local, regional, national and <br /> international levels<br />Future of literacy in a digital era (cont’d)<br />(Peachey, N., 2010)<br />
  25. 25. Future of literacy in a digital era (cont’d)<br />Digital Literacy Training. (2010).Retrieved from<br />
  26. 26. Issue of <br />Accessibility<br /><br />
  27. 27. Format Accessibility:<br />EPUB 2.1 Charter. The IDPF, which now maintains the international standard for the EPUB format, is working to address many of the problems with the current EPUB specification, including rich accessibility and navigation and support for MathML. (Sue Polanka, 2011). <br /><br />/RNA/RNABookExpo_V2/images<br />/2011/logos/DigitalBookLogo2011.jpg<br />
  28. 28. DAISY is the de facto accessible e-book standard. DAISY 3 and EPUB are supposed to “coincide” in EPUB 2.1, which ultimately means there will be an international standard e-book format that can be fully accessible. (Sue Polanka, 2011). <br /><br />
  29. 29. XPS is the favored format for K-NFB’s Blio Reader. XPS has a number of structural elements available in the specification, including sections, stories, paragraphs, lists, and tables. However, it is unclear how or if these structural elements will be made available to screen readers in future versions of Blio. (Sue Polanka, 2011). <br /><br />
  30. 30. PDF Accessibility from the PDF category on the Adobe Accessibility Blog: If readers are curious about the technical details for PDF accessibility, see the documents listed under the Slides from CSUN 2010 post. Screen readers can read accessible/”tagged” PDF. And if the PDF is well marked up, using headings and other structural elements, it is decently navigable by a screen reader. However, it is not in the same category of accessibility as DAISY. Currently, no screen reader is able to take full advantage of PDF document structure, though many do have basic abilities to navigate well-structured and tagged PDF. (Sue Polanka, 2011). <br /><br />
  31. 31. Finally, though we do not generally think of it as a book format, it should be noted that HTML is the most accessible document format available. (Sue Polanka, 2011). <br /><br />
  32. 32. Some e-readers with varying levels of accessibility:<br />Title availability<br /><br />
  33. 33. Some e-readers with varying levels of accessibility:<br />Visual quality <br /><ul><li>Visual Quality Determines the Direction of Neural Repetition Effects</li></ul>20Web/0209Webart/VisualQuality/VisualQualityHeader.jpg<br />
  34. 34. Sharing limitation<br /><ul><li>Not all books are available as e-books</li></ul>E-books cannot provide the physical feel of the cover, paper, and binding of the original printed work<br /><br /> <br />
  35. 35. Some users uncomfortable with digital<br /><br />
  36. 36. Consumer privacy and e-book permanence <br />E-books and software can easily track data, times, usage, pages, and details about what one is reading and how often<br />
  37. 37. Libraries <br />of the future<br /><br />
  38. 38. 1. in 2020, books will be pushed aside for digital learning centers, the library system will undergo a complete transformation. libraries will create the world's largest library online.  2. in 2020, the goal of the library will remain the same. library building will not be a warehouse for books, it will be a community gathering center, a free place where people can access and share information.<br />John,D,S. (2009). CNN: The future of libraries, with or without books. Retrieved from<br />
  39. 39. 3. libraries will use rss feeds, social networking sites, and virtual reference desk to communicate with patrons. libraries will create mobile apps for patrons to use library resources on their smartphones. libraries will stay open 24/7. <br />Allan, D, R. (n.d). RIM, Apple improves performance in Q4 of 2008; Nokia stumbles. Retrieved from<br />SMASHING MAGZINE. (2008). Fresh, Free and Gorgeous RSS/Feed Icons. Retrieved from<br />
  40. 40. Libraries Positives: in the past, libraries have looked within for the metrics that would "prove" their value: numbers of books acquired, cataloged, and circulated; interlibrary loan requests fulfilled; visitors. today, user satisfaction is the measure of our success. the library of the future relies on a plethora of metrics to ascertain the difference that its facility (physical and virtual) makes on the ability of the organization to function like a well-oiled machine and measures the library's contribution to the work that others do based on the information it provides and the efforts of its staff. (keiser, 2010).<br />Scott, S. (2010). 3D Annotation. Retrieved from<br />
  41. 41. libraries negatives: many students are embarrassed about not knowing how to use the library and are reluctant to approach the reference desk. the theory of library anxiety offers an explanation, proposing that a fear of being in and using libraries serves as a psychological barrier, hindering many university students from using the library efficiently and effectively. (carlile, 2007).<br />VISUAL V PHOTOS. (n.d). Librarian helping student with research in school library. Retrieved from<br />
  42. 42. library challenges: the role of digital library development in future will face many challenges. "libraries will need to focus on e-science, e-research, e-books, web 2.0 & 3.0 and digital preservation. the digital age offers huge opportunities, but the decline of information literacy skills risks robbing a generation of the ability to fully utilize these. libraries and information services must step up to the plate to provide services which meet the needs of the new generation of researchers, and which add value beyond the search engine." (brindley, 2009). <br />Folusho,O. (n.d). Exploring Web 2.0: Social Media Networking and Web 2.0. Retrieved from<br />Public Library. (2009). Retrieved from<br />
  43. 43. e-books are having significant implications on libraries. libraries can only stay digital when they are using different types of technologies. libraries are treating e-books as print books and it’s very good transition to go with. e-books will also keep the libraries prices down. <br />James, K. (2010).E-books Are Here to Stay — NYT to Start Best-Sellers List. Retrieved from<br />
  44. 44. in 2020, there will be shelves for physical books and the most of the space will be taken by computers in the library. there will lots of application running by office software and e-books to help people. people will have access to library music, e books and videos from their home computers. <br />University of Northern Lowa. (n.d). Waste Reduction Education. Retrieved from<br />
  45. 45. in 2020, libraries will face challenges; the biggest challenge will be money and services. however, keeping up with technology will be challenge as well. such as: networking and bandwidth. <br />Llordllama. (2011). Llordllama’sLlibrarianLleanings. Retrieved from<br />
  46. 46. in 2020, there will lots of space in libraries to provide support for people. physical books will be also part of the library in 2020. the director of the libraries will hire the talented people, who can face any challenges for the future libraries. <br />Thomas, F. (n.d). Future Libraries: Once a Refuge, Now They Mean Business. Retrieved from<br />
  47. 47. References<br />Bawden, D. (2008).Digital literacy. Retrieved from<br />Bill, D. (n.d). Baby Boomers Librarian. Retrieved from<br />Brett, A. (2010). What will the School Library of 2020 look like?. Retrieved from<br />Brindley, J. (2009). Challenges for Great Libraries in the Age of the Digital Native. Retrieved from<br />Canada . (2011). Literacy and essential skills. Retrieved from<br />Carlile, H. (2007). The implications of library anxiety for academic reference services: a reviewof the literature. Retrieved from<br />
  48. 48. References<br />History of literacy. (n.d.). Retrieved from<br />Human Recourse and Skills Development. (2010). Literacy. Retrieved from<br />International literacydDay 2011. (n.d.). Retrieved from<br />John.(2003).Recording Historic Structures. Retrieved from<br />John,D,S. (2009). CNN: The future of libraries, with or without books. Retrieved from<br />Keiser, B, E. (2010). Library of the Future -- Today!. Retrieved from 5f8c5ce24cde%40sessionmgr15&vid=1&hid=24&bdata=JnNpdGU9ZWhvc3QtbGl2ZSZzY29wZT1zaXRl#db=a9h&AN=54096531<br />
  49. 49. References<br />Oracle bones. (n.d.). Retrieved from<br />Peachey, N. (2010).ELT and the crisis in education: digital literacy. <br />Retrieved from<br />STEVE HAWKES MyView (2000)<br /><br />Time-table (chronological). (n.d.).Retrieved from<br />Vanessa. (2010). The Book of Mpub:Are Libraries Dying? Ebooks and the Future of Libraries. Retrieved from<br />
  50. 50. References<br />UNESCO. (2009).Literacy. Retrieved from<br />