Chapter 15


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Chapter 15

  1. 1. Life and Works<br />of<br />Dr. Jose P. Rizal<br />
  2. 2. Chapter 15<br />LIFE AND WORKS IN <br />LONDON<br />(1888-89)<br />
  3. 3. Stay in London<br />Lived in London May 1888 to Mar. 1889<br />3 reasons why he stayed there:<br />To improve the his knowledge of the English Language<br />To study and annotate Morga’sSucesos de Las Islas Filipinas<br />London was a safe place for him to carry on his fight against Spanish Tyranny<br />Filipiniana studies<br />Completing annotating Morga’s books<br />Wrote many articles in La Solidaridad<br />Penned Young Women of Malolos<br />Had romance with Gertrude Beckett<br />
  4. 4. Trip Across the Atlantic<br />Made friends in his Atlantic voyage<br />Amazed some American and European passengers<br />Had a chat with newspaper men but became disappointed<br />Arrived on Liverpool May 24, 1888<br />“Liverpool is a big and beautiful city and its celebrated port is worthy of its great fame. The entrance is magnificent and the custom house is quite good.”<br />
  5. 5. you<br />Life in London<br /><ul><li>Went to London May 25, 1888
  6. 6. Stayed as a guest at Dr.Regidor’s home
  7. 7. Became a boarder at the Beckett’s by the end of May
  8. 8. Was called “Pearl of Man” by Dr. Reinhold Rost
  9. 9. Played Cricket and Boxing with Dr. Rost’s sons.</li></li></ul><li>Good and Bad News from Home<br /><ul><li>Bad News
  10. 10. Persecution of the Filipino patriots who signed the “Anti-friar Petition of 1888”
  11. 11. Persecution of Calamba tenants
  12. 12. Furious attacks on Rizal by Senator Salamanca and Vida in the Spanish Cortes and by Desengaños (Wenseslao E. Retana) and Quioquiap (Pablo Feced) in Spanish newspapers
  13. 13. Rizal’s brother-in-law, Manuel Hidalgo was exiled in Bohol
  14. 14. LaureanoViado, his friend was arrested and jailed because copies of Noli were found in his house</li></li></ul><li>Good and Bad News from Home<br /><ul><li>Good News
  15. 15. Rev. Vicente Garcias’ defended Noli against the attacks of the friars.
  16. 16. Content of the letter</li></ul> We young Filipinos are trying to make over a nation and must not halt in our onward march, but from time to time turn our gaze upon our elders. We shall wish to read in their contenances approval of our actions. We are anxious to learn of the Philippines’ past which we need to understand in order to plan intelligently for the future. We want to know all that our ancestors knew, and then add our own studies to theirs. Thus we shall progress the faster because we can go on from where they left off.<br />
  17. 17. Annotating Morga’s books<br /><ul><li>Spent many days in the reading room of the British Museum reading Morga’s books and old stories of the Philippines
  18. 18. Wrote a letter to Blumentritt on Sept. 17, 1888
  19. 19. Mariano Ponce urged him to edit a newspaper but refused</li></li></ul><li>Short Visit to Paris and Spain<br /><ul><li>September 1888 he visited Paris for a week
  20. 20. Entertained in a gay French Metropolis by Juan Luna and his wife
  21. 21. He returned to London
  22. 22. Dec. 11, 1888 he went to Spain
  23. 23. Met Marcelo H. del Pilar and Mariano Ponce</li></li></ul><li>Christmas in London<br /><ul><li>Rizal returned to London on Dec. 24, 1888 and spent his Christmas and new year ‘s day with the Becketts.
  24. 24. He sent a gift to Blumentritt and Dr. Carlos Czepelak
  25. 25. Received a gift from Mrs. Beckett</li></li></ul><li>Rizal becomes leader of Filipinos in Europe<br /><ul><li>Chosen to be honorary president
  26. 26. Wrote a letter of thanks adressed to the members of Asociacion La Solidaridad on Jan. 28, 1889
  27. 27. Letter content
  28. 28. When defeated never surrender
  29. 29. Great deal of integrity and much good will</li></li></ul><li>Rizal and the La Solidaridad paper<br /><ul><li>Graciano Lopez founded La Solidaridad on Feb.15,1889 at Barcelona
  30. 30. Marcelo H. del Pilar about their newspaper
  31. 31. Rizal congratulated Lopez Jaena and the associates and wrote articles</li></li></ul><li>First Article in La Solidaridad<br /><ul><li>Los Agricultores Filipinos (The Filipino Farmers)
  32. 32. Published Mar. 25, 1889
  33. 33. Depicted the deplorable conditions in the </li></ul>Philippines which cause the backwardness of the country. <br /> The Filipino farmers has to struggle not only against petty tyrants and robbers.Against the first, defense indeed was permitted; against the latter not always…<br /> After the floods, locusts, fires, bad harvests, and the like the farmer capitalist has to deal with constable who takes away from his laborer s for personal service, some public works repair of roads, bridges and others; with the civil guards who arrests them for various reasons sometimes for not carrying with them their personal cedulas (certificates) for not saluting properly, <br />
  34. 34. First Article in La Solidaridad<br /> For being suspicious persons or for no reason whatsoever, and they manacle them to clean the barracks and thus compel the capitalist to live on better terms with the chief and, if not, they take away his carabaos, oxen, inspite of many protests. <br /> At times it is not the constable or the civil guard who opposes so indirectly the minister of colonies. An official of the court or the provincial government, dissatisfied with the farmer, urgently summons this or that laborer, if not two or three. The unfortunate man underyakes a tripof two or three days, uneasy and distrustful, spends his savings, arrives, presents himself, waits, returns the next day and waits, finally to be asked a frown and the look of a judge, abstruse and unknown things. He is lucky if he comes out free from questioning, for not infrequently after it, he is sent to jail from which he comes out lateras stupid as before.<br />
  35. 35. Writings in London<br /><ul><li>La Vision del Fray Rodriguez (The vision of Fray Rodriguez)
  36. 36. Published at Barcelona
  37. 37. Letter to the Young Women of Malolos
  38. 38. M.H. del Pilar
  39. 39. Praise the young ladies of Malolos for their courage to establish a school where they could learn spanish despite the opposition of Fr. Felipe Garcia, Spanish parish priest of Malolos.</li></ul>A Filipino mother should teach her children love of God, fatherland, and mankind<br />Filipino mother should be glad, like the Spartan mother<br />Filipino woman should know how to preserve her dignity and honor<br />Filipino woman should educate herself, aside from retaining her good racial virtues;<br />Faith is not merely reciting long prayers and wearing religious pictures, but rather it is living the real Christian way, with good morals and good manners.<br />
  40. 40. Writings in London<br /><ul><li>Specimens of Tagalog Folklore
  41. 41. Two Eastern Fables
  42. 42. Requested by: Dr. Rost</li></li></ul><li>Romance with Gertrude Beckett<br /><ul><li>Gertrude Beckett
  43. 43. Buxom English girl with brown hair, blue eyes, and rosy cheeks
  44. 44. Eldest of the three sisters
  45. 45. Fell in love with Rizal
  46. 46. helped him in his painting and sculpture
  47. 47. “Gettie”
  48. 48. Rizal finished 4 sculptures
  49. 49. Promotheus Bound
  50. 50. The Triumph of Death over Life
  51. 51. The Triumph of Science over Death
  52. 52. Composite carving of the heads of the Beckett sisters</li></li></ul><li>Adios London<br />Rizal’s sculptural works<br /><ul><li>Prometheus Bound
  53. 53. The Triumph of Death over Life
  54. 54. The Triumph of Science over Death
  55. 55. Carving of the heads of the 3 Beckett sisters</li></ul>March 19, 1889 - he leaved London<br />