Hand Hygiene - Prac. Microbiology

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  • {"10":"antiseptic hand wash: H20 + betadine 7.5% or chlorhexadine 4%\n"}
  • Hand Hygiene - Prac. Microbiology

    1. 1. HAND HYGIENE 1
    2. 2. The 10 most common ways of spreading diseases are the 10 fingers.
    3. 3. Hand Hygiene Simplest & Most Effective measure to prevent infection
    4. 4. Skin Flora Resident organisms • In deeper layers of skin • Permanent flora • If disturbed reestablish themselves • Not removed by routine hand wash • Usually not associated with transmission of infection Transient organisms • In superficial layers of skin • Temporary flora • Usually do not reestablish themselves • Easily removed by routine hand wash • Usually associated with transmission of infection
    5. 5. The health care environment is contaminated. Transient flora is acquired from patients & environment. 5
    6. 6. WHY ?? Hand Hygiene Simplest & Most Effective measure to prevent infection
    7. 7. WHEN ?? 1.Before touching a patient 2.After touching a patient 3.Before aseptic techniques 4.After aseptic techniques& After touching blood,body fluids or items contaminated with them 5.After touching the patient surrounding 6.After removing gloves
    8. 8. Types of hand hygiene Routine hand wash by soap and water: Mechanically removes soil & transient flora Antiseptic hand hygiene (Alcohol hand rub) by alcohol gel or antiseptic hand wash: Kills transient flora & reduces resident flora Surgical hand scrub by alcohol/iodophores:
    9. 9. HOW ?? Steps of routine Hand Wash
    10. 10. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Remove jewellery and watches before you start. If you keep a wedding ring on, move & wash under it.
    11. 11. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Turn on tap & wet hands before getting soap.
    12. 12. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Use enough soap to give a good lather.
    13. 13. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Rub Palm – to – Palm.
    14. 14. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Then Palm to back – swap over.
    15. 15. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Intermesh fingers as you rub.
    16. 16. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Then knuckles
    17. 17. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Rub finger tips in palm centre – swap over.
    18. 18. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Twist thumbs – swap hands.
    19. 19. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Wash around your wrists.
    20. 20. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Rinse thoroughly.
    21. 21. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Turn off the taps without recontaminating hands.
    22. 22. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Dry hands by patting – rubbing can abrase the skin.
    23. 23. Steps for Good Hand Hygiene Practice • Do NOT touch bin.
    24. 24. Remember Clean Hands = Healing Hands
    25. 25. Thank You
    26. 26. MCQs
    27. 27. 1. Lab personnel should follow these precautions EXCEPT: a) They should not wear sandals. b) They are not allowed to drink. c) They should put on goggles when expecting splashes. d) Blood spills should be removed by soap and water. e) Scalpels should be discarded in a sharps container. 2. Regarding PPE all the following statements are correct EXCEPT: a) Sterile gloves are used during surgery. b) N95 masks can prevent airborne infections. c) Overshoes should be worn before entering operating rooms. d) Non-sterile gloves are disposable. e) PPE are used to protect patients from acquiring infections.
    28. 28. 3. Heavy duty gloves are used: a) During surgery b) During performing invasive procedures c) During handling infectious waste d) During changing wound dressing e) When handling laboratory specimens 4. During a surgical operation a surgeon should put on: a) Surgical Gown b) mask c) Sterile gloves d) Overhead e) All of the above
    29. 29. 5. The transient flora: a) When disturbed reestablishes itself b) Occupies the deep layers of the skin c) Cannot be removed by routine hand hygiene d) May be responsible for transmission of infections e) They are not affected by alcohol 6. Waterless Antiseptic hand hygiene: a) Involves the use of plain soap and water b) Is effective when applied to soiled hands c) Is not effective against the resident flora d) Should be followed by routine hand wash e) Is performed using alcohol

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