Right track issue 5


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Right track issue 5

  2. 2. RIGHTheadlampWelcome to Issue 5 of Right Track In this issue Read Carolyn Duerden’sWhile we were researching Right Track 5, one of our own drivers took a passenger train feature about the challengeChannel 4 was just finishing the second through a 20mph TSR at 50 while using his of running charter services.series of Charlie Brooker’s satire, Black phone. Elsewhere, Southern looksMirror. Brooker’s suggestion was that at ‘stop shorts’, Network‘the future is broken’, or could be if we But there are ‘outside’ issues too. RAIB’s recent report into the death of a cyclist at Kings Rail’s Scott Meadowsget so carried away with filming and Mill level crossing on 2 May 2012 says that is featured in lowdownphotographing everything on our phonesand tablets that we can’t even get ourselves the deceased had ridden into the path of a and our cartoonist helpsout of the path of danger. passenger train partly because ‘he was wearing illustrate the overspeeding earphones, which probably prevented him from issue. SPADtalk goesThe drama was designed to be eye-opening hearing warnings sounded by the train’s horn’. continental and we reviewsocial comment, but is life already imitating art? Yes. Probably. the RAIB report into theConsider the almost obsessive filming by the James Street accident. It’spublic during the riots of 2011... Widespread wi-fi access can also have other effects on safety – witness the multiple all here, and much more, inYet there can be no doubt that mobiles have trespass at Kentish Town in May 2011, which your Right Track….revolutionised the way we communicate with RAIB suggests was worsened by passengerseach other. Indeed, they’ve become so vital to exchanging messages and electronicmodern life that few of us would want to leave information about the state of the train in a wayhome without the means to chat ‘on the go’. that influenced their own behaviour. The sameThe railway also uses smartphone and Twittertechnology to keep passengers updated with report notes an incident at South Croydon the following month, where a train was stopped by Contentsthe latest travel information. a passcom activation. Several people, again 2-3 // Headlamp/Long arm reaches out at influenced by social media sites, forced theThe trouble (at the moment) comes with Northallerton doors and got out, with the result that onedistraction: in a safety critical environment like woman ‘was severely burned after coming into 4-7 // Day tripperour’s, it’s not always wise to yield to the natural contact with the live electrical conductor rail’. 08 // Star - that’s what theyreflex to answer a ringing phone or reply to a call youtext. In fact, it can be fatal. This is to say nothing of the many lower-grade 09 // The lowdown instances of passengers listening to musicThis was illustrated in the USA on 12 on board trains. Usually treated as merely a 10 // Driving home theSeptember 2008, when a commuter service message Quiet Carriage nuisance – and normally totallypassed a signal at danger and collided with ignored by staff – there’s a danger they may 11 // Too fasta freight train in California at about 85mph. miss vital safety information, while those texting 12 // Life-saving surveyTwenty-five people were killed, including the as they walk through stations present all kinds 13 // Moorgate remembereddriver himself. On the day of the accident, he’d of obvious problems.sent and received several text messages while 14-15 // RAIB report brief:on duty, the last of which occurred just 22 So is the future broken? If we let it happen, James Streetseconds before the collision. A lot of work has yes. Maybe. Back Page // SPADtalkbeen done to tackle this problem since then,but issues still occur – last June, for example,Right Track is produced by RSSB through cross-industry cooperation. It is designed for the people on the operational front-line Right Track can beon the national mainline railway, yards depots and sidings and London Underground. Their companies are represented on the downloaded from Opsweb -cross-industry Operations Focus Group, managed through RSSB, and Right Track is overseen by a cross-industry editorial group. www.opsweb.co.uk RSSB Block 2 Angel Square 1 Torrens Street London EC1V 1NY Tel 020 3142 5300 Email righttrack@rssb.co.uk www.rssb.co.uk www.opsweb.co.uk Designed and printed by Urban Juice / Willsons Group Services.Right Track is designed to share news and views from individual companies in a positive way. However, the views expressed in Right Track are those of the contributing authors; theydo not necessarily reflect those of the companies to which they are affiliated or employed, the editors of this magazine, the magazine’s sponsors - the Operations Focus Group - or themagazine’s producers, RSSB (Rail Safety and Standards Board).02 //
  3. 3. Partnership workslong arm reachesout at NorthallertonBritish Transport Police and Samaritans are working withlocals to try to deter people from jumping onto the line atNorthallerton, where there have been four deaths in thelast 18 months. Photo: East CoastThe scheme, dubbed ‘Station Watch’, was being on the East Coast Mainline, feature ‘If people see the posters, or a card orcreated by Sgt Jo Christon, who says that trains running at high speeds. a phone number, that could make thethe force ‘wanted to work together with difference,’ says Jo. ‘If you can interruptSamaritans, station staff and local residents Residents help out with regular patrols, their thought process when they areto form a partnership so the station feels contacting the police as soon as an issue very troubled, that can turn the situationa safer place’, and so that ‘anyone who is arises. Warning markings have been around.’troubled or has problems can see help is at painted along platform edges, postershand.’ have been put up around the station, and The BTP also hopes to install platform the Samaritans hand out cards and talk to telephones to provide a direct line toThe need at Northallerton is heightened by passengers. Samaritans.the fact that the platforms are long and, RSSB is looking for views on suicide prevention as part of the support for Network Rail and Samaritans’ partnership work. More details are on page 12… Logo WE WE Strapline WE ALL LISTEN RESPOND LEARN By sharing lessons To your health & By liaising with the learnt via conferences, safety concerns relevant company workshops and CIRAS with confidentiality to help facilitate publications guaranteed a resolution www.ciras.org.uk Freephone 0800 4 101 101 Freepost CIRAS Text 07507 285887 // 03
  4. 4. day tripperThe Cathedrals Express on 8 September 2012 coming into Upminster, headed by Peppercorn A1 60163 ‘Tornado’ – famous forbeing the first mainline standard gauge steam locomotive to be built from scratch in the UK since 1960. Copyright SP RailDB Schenker’s Carolyn Duerden talks through the passenger riskchallenges faced by charter train operators.Railway staff can be held responsible to be given to the dwell time at stations. associated with the platform-train interfacein law for someone’s injury or death. In This should be longer than for other (PTI) are magnified. There are particularhis recent summing up in the James passenger operators to take account of the and sometimes peculiar circumstancesStreet manslaughter trial, the Hon Mr additional checks that need to be done with that raise additional hazards and present aJustice Holroyde said that the guard’s heritage coaching stock, and also the fact real challenge to reduce the risk from thesegross negligence occurred over seconds that passengers returning to the train may hazards coming to fruition.and with no motivation for profit or self need encouragement, station stops beingadvantage. It’s a truly sobering and seen as photo opportunities. For station operators and passenger servicethought-provoking example of the far- providers, the chances of someone dyingreaching consequences of a moment’s But it is when the stock is platformed and from a safety incident are highest at the PTI.distraction: omitting a procedural step opened to its passengers that the hazards The risk is reduced somewhat byor giving sub-standard communication. established train dispatch procedures,But it’s not just the main line – these station platform design and signage,challenges are faced by charter train experienced dedicated staff and a leveloperators too. of expertise that comes with runningDB Schenker Rail UK provides thousands of (passenger) services to theapproximately 300 charter services a year same stations every year. Passengers onfor rail tour operators. These can take a these services generally have the samevariety of forms – branch line trips, non- purpose: to get on at A, ride to B, get offNetwork Rail excursions, sporting event and leave the station.specials, Orient Express extravaganzas – With a charter train, the purpose is theand are limited only by the imagination of journey itself – they are, for many, athe tour company. celebration of rail travel. But they also bringAs these are non-timetabled trains, they are additional hazards…planned, bid for and resourced under theshort-term planning process (STP). This Charter trains pose a special safety challengetype of planning produces its own risks and for the charter operator and the operators of the stations en route. Copyright SP Railchallenges. For example, consideration has04 //
  5. 5. Charter challenge Mark 1 coaches were used all across the network and their old look- and-feel offer charm and historical reminders to day-trippers as well as suiting the older locomotives. However, they have not been used The Cathedrals Explorer on 13 May 2011 at Steventon, headed by two on regular mainline services since Stanier Black 5 steam locomotives. 2005, and do not provide the same level of containment as modern Train length-short platform rolling stock. Charter services are popular and train length often exceeds the platform length at many of the station stops. TheGuards arrangements for each station stop begin atThese are provided by the freight operator. the planning stage, are detailed and briefedWithin DB Schenker Rail, they are known out to PTOs, train managers and stewards.as Passenger Train Operatives (PTOs). The On-train announcements are made toPTOs are in charge of the operational side customers on the approach to each shortof the charter service, as well as station platform station, but there’s always thedispatch. Their duties include ensuring that potential, given the secondary door locking,there are enough stewards allocated to the that an enthusiastic (or even inebriated)service and to brief the train manager and customer could bypass a busy steward andstewards on their safety responsibilities. try to open an un-platformed door. The train steward plays an important role The PTO and train manager are issued withThe PTOs are expected to undertake helping customers find their way around theprotection arrangements when the service copies of a document known as a ‘Short train as well as working with other staff on theis required to take on water or manage the train and on the platform to manage safety. Platform Statement’. PTOs are also testedthird party contractors when tendering, or on potential short platforms during theirchanging gas bottles. They are trained route knowledge assessment. secondary door locking arrangements onand re-assessed in their duties at regular the heritage stock at station stops. Theintervals, which is managed through DB greatest number of events with the biggestSchenker Rail’s competence management risk over the past three years has involvedsystem. They also have to have route the failure of stewards to comply with theknowledge, being faced with different procedures defined by DB Schenker Rail –routes each journey, which tends to mean specifically managing the secondary doordifferent station dispatch arrangements locking. There are set procedures laidand can very often include non-Network down, but there is one steward provided forRail infrastructure in the form of yards and every two vestibule ends and there’s alwayssidings. the risk from distraction by customers orTrain Stewards events on the platform.These are provided by the tour operator. DriversTheir main function is to assist the train Drivers’ Class 1 competency is recorded,managers with customers. However, from Staff help people find their way around the managed and assessed through DB train and platform to ensure safe and prompta risk management point of view, their most Schenker Rail’s competence management departure.important task is one that they perform system.for the freight operator – managing the // 05
  6. 6. The whole-route challenge – c2c A charter train’s path can be quite elongated, intermingling with many different operators’ own routes, services and stations. This means that other operators might need to be aware of the unique issues that a special train brings. Upminster is one of the stations where the Cathedrals Express picks up passengers. It’s operated by c2c and staff have to be alert to the need to run the normal timetable for regular passengers as well as supporting the extra people coming for the special. Upminster is also the Not all charters are steam-hauled; sometimes a steam loco will only be booked on part of the eastern-most terminus of the London journey, and sometimes the loco will fail meaning a diesel comes to the rescue. Underground’s District Line. c2c Revenue Protection and Security Coaching stock Registration Agreement, which designates maintenance arrangements and renders the Manager, Iain Palmer, explains: None of the Mark I and only some of the traction records subject to audit. Traction ‘People are arriving at our station, Mark II coaches have automatic central units are also registered on TOPS. hoping for a fantastic day out on a door locking mechanisms. Secondary door steam train, but they may not be locking is manually operated by the train Stations as clued-up as regular commuters. stewards and consists of a simple ‘draw The Cathedrals Express is 11 across’ bolt. A derogation from Railway These can be unmanned, where the PTO coaches long, and so we try to help Group Standards is applied for every year needs to undertake dispatch, or manned people find out roughly where they to run such coaches with this type of by station staff who work in consideration need to stand to avoid a rush. We’ll locking. of the PTO’s duties and undertake the give extra announcements to help.’ dispatch themselves. Agreement is ‘The sight of a special train also Traction reached as to the responsible person between the PTO and lead dispatcher on brings other extra people on to the Heritage traction owners register their arrival at the station. station who want to take photos. locomotives under The Private Locomotive Grandparents might bring their grandchildren just to see a steam train pass by, and there are also rail enthusiasts and photographers. We help make sure everyone stays safe and set some basic ground rules (like not allowing stepladders) to prevent distraction and accidents.’ ‘Meanwhile we also want to make sure the routine c2c services still all run to time and that these passengers don’t get on a steam train to the other end of the country by mistake! In many ways it can be refreshing and flattering to have a special train run through your station, and it’s a healthy reminder that it is possible to take people by train beyond the confines of your own route.’ Platforms can become more crowded than usual – with some passengers who may not be regular train travellers and for whom the station environment may be less familiar.06 //
  7. 7. Charter challenge Newswire... UK: Man dies after car hit by train at Sandy Lane At 15:38 on 2 January 2013, a car was struck by a freight train at Sandy Lane AHB in Yarnton, killing the passenger instantaneously. It later transpired that the vehicle had been driven legally onto the crossing before the lights started flashing, but then stalled for an unknown reason. The driver attempted to restart it rather than escape as he had a disabled passenger in the back. China: Scaffold collapses on Shanghai Metro site On 2 January 2013, scaffolding collapsed on a Metro Line site in the Jinqiao area of Pudong, Shanghai. One worker was killed and eight were injured. The accident occurred during a concrete pour at the site of a parking area near the terminal. US: Escalator accident in Jersey City station On 8 January 2013, five New Jersey commuters were injured, three requiring hospital treatment, when an escalator malfunctioned at the Exchange Place PATH station in Jersey City. China: Metro train driver killedAt Upminster, the c2c station staff need to be able to dispatch an 11-coach loco-hauled train from on test run in Yunnana platform full of enthusiasts, photographers and well-wishers. On 9 January 2013, a driver was killed when the front carriage of an elevatedDispatch methods Last-minute cancellations metro train derailed while on test in Kunming.Route knowledge held by the PTOs covers These present additional hazards for other Switzerland: SPAD leadslarge areas of the country and involve station operators where there’s a great to collision that injures 17many stations. The PTO must consider influx of customers onto an already busythe dispatch arrangements at every station: network from a single departure point. On 10 January, two local serviceswhere the station lead dispatcher will be Cancellations are rare, although bus collided outside Neuhausen, injuring 17 passengers. Initial investigationsstanding, the infrastructure and dispatch substitutions because of late running do suggest that the departing trainsignage at each location and, on arrival, occur (especially on Saturday evenings passed a signal at danger. The signalany circumstances that may add to the risk when engineering blockades cannot be in question is fitted with a protection(such as the number of people on platform). held off). Late running can also create a system, but the distance between it andAs well as managing and real-time planning need for customers to be conveyed by taxi points at the station throat is too short to stop a train fouling them if it SPADs.the dispatch of the train, the PTO has after missing their last connection home.to double-check the actions of the train Both of these situations are undesirable and India: Fatal accident atstewards and check the doors. All this and expose customers to a different type of risk. Chennai Metro Rail siterunning to a timetable too! On 11 January 2013, a 22-year-old Because of their bespoke nature, charter construction worker was killed whenRail enthusiasts trains bring so many considerations, from a steel girder fell at the Metro Rail site planning, staffing and dispatch to how to at which he was working. He becameHeritage traction generates a lot of interest manage a last-minute failure. trapped under a lifting girder usedfor enthusiasts and it’s not unusual to find to position concrete piles along themany present and milling round the steam Although a small part of the railway industry, elevated track.or heritage diesel loco when on a station a charter is often the first time a person Egypt: 19 killed instop. Many will have cameras in hand has been on a train (or at least the first derailment train crashand may be more interested in close-up time for a long time). This means that their Shortly after midnight on 15 January,photography than their own safety. This perception of the whole industry can be 19 people were killed and over 100presents even greater hazards for the shaped by the experience. were injured when two carriages of aPTO when attempting to clear the area for passenger train derailed, before strikingdispatch. Get it right, and they’ll come back. Get it an empty freight consist in Badrashin. wrong... The train was carrying over a thousand Egyptian soliders to Cairo. // 07
  8. 8. STAR- that’s what they call youSouthern’s initiative on ‘stop shorts’Every week, the logs tell of incidents STAR stands for ‘Stop, Think, Assess, Southern considered that – second towhere a train has stopped short in the Release’. collisions – it was a very high priority inplatform and the SDO hasn’t been used, terms of risk. Its answer was to launch aor the doors have been opened on the Between 5 January 2009 and 30 December campaign aimed at reminding staff of theoff side of the train. Though there have 2011, Southern drivers had 151 stop issues and suggesting solutions.been no accidents to passengers to shorts, with 148 releasing the doors anddate, it’s only a matter of time before two passengers alighting. During the same These have included using risk-focusedsomeone walks though one of those period, there were 53 off side door releases. commentary (if you tell yourself which sidedoors and falls either into the cess, into the platform is on, you’ll probably be right!), The company realised that flashing lights drivers writing the length of their train onthe path of a train or onto the third rail. and audible indicators were leading their schedule card and making a ‘formationOne operator that’s grasped the nettle passengers to believe that when the doors reminder’ card to stick to the control desk.on this issue is Southern, which has seen are released it is safe to alight – even when Small things that can have a big differencesome success with its ‘STAR’ initiative. those doors are actually on the non- – indeed, since the initiative was rolled out, platform side of the train. the number of ‘stop short’ incidents has fallen to 15 (see chart below). Stop Shorts (with door release) 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 July 11 - Jan 12 Feb 12 - July 12Top and bottom photo: Southern Railway08 //
  9. 9. The lowdown within the industry to learn lessons and have open conversations – there was a certain amount of secrecy in the past. We’re safer despite carrying more RIGHT passengers than ever before. Describe a typical day for you: There is no such thing as a typical day; I support colleagues in the delivery of the Signal Overrun Assessment Tool project (SORAT), which will be replacing the Signalis Rail Business Assessment Tool (SAT). These tools take information from a variety of sourcesAwards finalist providing a measurement of where potential The lowdown: high risk signals are enabling improved planning to mitigate identified risks. Scott As well as being an administrator for SORAT and SAT, I’m also an administrator for the Timetable Search Engine for Risk Meadows Assessment Tools (TSERAT), liaising with suppliers, hosting conferences, training for SORAT as well as focusing on my personal learning development. Name: Scott Meadows What’s the biggest difference you’ve Position: noticed from changing roles with a Systems Risk Control Specialist TOC to the infrastructure maintainer? How long have you worked for the The biggest change was going from a localRight Track was a finalist at this year’s railway, Scott? to a national view; The Olympics from myRail Business Awards in the Safety involvement were local to London. I do a I joined in 1999 as a train driver, whichand Personal Security Excellence lot more travelling, each route has different was my substantive post during my timecategory. infrastructure, level crossings, suburban or with Southeastern. However, in 2011 I rural lines. Each route has its own unique led the testing phase for the OlympicsJudges commented: challenges which require my help and representing Southeastern working support.‘The introduction of this new with Docklands Light Railway (DLR),publication is lauded for its house Transport for London (TfL), Network Where do you see the railway in fivestyle and the focus on making its Rail and Operations Delivery Authority years’ time?content attractive and understood (ODA). We will carry more people more safelyby the readership which ideally The testing phase used events such and efficiently. There is an ambitiouscomprises the entire operational end as the London marathon, Blackheath programme of enhancements to beof the industry.’ fireworks, Queen’s Diamond Jubilee delivered such as Crossrail and the and Red Optimus, which was the soft Northern Hub.There was hot competition in all opening for the Olympic park andcategories, and it was ultimately In ten? stadium when First Capital Connect,Southeastern who took the safety Southeastern and Southern tested Major innovative changes coming ourexcellence crown, for its success in Network Rail’s plans for London Bridge. way with more automation on both trainsreducing the number of incidents of and the signalling system. Intelligentassault, robbery and violence on the This demonstrated what the train management systems with a greatersouth east rail network by nearly half. industry can achieve when working reliance on automation allowing increased collaboratively. Lessons learnt from the capacity.Right Track is a ‘whole industry’ Queen’s Diamond Jubilee allowed betterthing so a big thank you to everyone game time delivery. Finally, describe your most memorablewho helps to drive it, discusses railway experience: In January this year I moved from theideas, sources interviewees, news Southeastern train operating company Without doubt it was the Queen’s Diamondand features. Remember, if you to the infrastructure maintainer Network Jubilee. It was freezing; the rain washave an idea for an article, get in coming down horizontally. However, Rail.touch at righttrack@rssb.co.uk. Also people kept coming to see the Queen andcongratulations to all winners and What’s the biggest change you’ve celebrate. I’ve never seen such a volumefinalists at this year’s awards. seen in our industry since then? of people go and see an event in central There is an increased determination London. // 09
  10. 10. Photo: RED 35 with this issue. The guidance documents will include references to the issues raised in RED 35 and are set to be distributed to rail companies shortly, along with reminderdriving home sheets for staff to keep in the car and awareness-raising posters to put up in canteens, foyers and mess rooms.the message Managers will also be encouraged to ensure that the potential for road vehicle driver fatigue is incorporated into job design, rostering, work risk assessments, and travel planning for work. For more information about these new guidance tools and RED 35, talk to your lineRaising awareness of the impact manager or look atof fatigue on driving on the roads Opsweb – www.opsweb.co.uk or the RSSB website www.rssb.co.ukOne of the reasons the railway has such the problem of road vehicle safety morea mature safety conscience is because effectively. Experience and intelligence –the sector is usually quick and keen to including a recent study of CIRAS reportslearn from accidents and incidents. To – is revealing staff concern about the issue,be blunt, trains are big and fast, but especially where road driving risk is made worse by journey times and fatigue.people are normally protected because RED 35the system is designed with safetyin mind - everything from signalling, There are many different occasions when Fatigue at the wheel rail staff need to drive on the roads. Itsystems of working, management The latest RED video shows a could be to get to and from work, betweensystems, to people who are well-trained young, keen rail worker played worksites, offices, depots, or even to theand have the right competence and by James Redmond (Hollyoaks, scene of incidents. It might be in a carexperience. Casualty) involved in a road traffic personally owned, hired, or in the company- branded works van. It may even be that accident. His line manager, playedThe roads don’t offer the same level of by Ben Hull (Hollyoaks, Crime they are being ferried around by taxi ordiscipline, and the risk they offer for car Stories), knows he’s a committed minibus with someone else in control.occupants is 20 times bigger than for rail family man, a conscientious teampassengers. Five people die on Britain’s However there is a lot that can be done. player for the railway, so how couldroads every day, some of which will Resources to help with staff briefing on this he possibly end up embroiled in anundoubtedly be journeys to, from or for issue are starting to become available, and accident?work. Trains usually only go where the rails are helping to bring the stark realities of theand signals tell them to. Cars are driven risk to life. Coming soon to a briefing near you,‘on-sight’. watch RED 35 and find out not only RED 35, issued earlier in the year, homesAs reported in Right Track 3, the rail how a wide range of things can in on ‘fatigue at the wheel’ and is using itsindustry as a whole wants to grapple with usual format of a dramatic reconstruction to line up so easily and tragically, but focus the minds of people at briefings to the also what can be done by everyone issues involved. The reality is that, although - staff and managers alike - to often a ‘grey area’, both company and combat things like fatigue and make Rail workforce fatalities in road individual have responsibilities to prevent sure the workforce get to work and accidents do occur. In 2010-11, such accidents. home again safely. two road traffic collision fatalities were recorded and, in November The issue prompted an industry steering 2012, a member of Network Rail group, including Network Rail, Balfour staff on duty died following an Beatty, Office of Rail Regulation and the accident where their car left the Health and Safety Executive to do some A12 southbound carriageway at research through RSSB to get a better Capel St Mary and struck a tree. understanding. Network Rail also ran focus However an RSSB confidential groups with road vehicle drivers to find out survey highlighted significant how they would best receive the messages underreporting of road incidents in coming out of the work. general; it is considered that - until this improves - we are yet to see This has led to guidance documents being the full extent of the problem. developed to help staff and their managers identify the risk of fatigue when driving, how to recognise the warning signs and cope10 //
  11. 11. Overspeeding Newswire...too fast Sweden: Cleaner ‘steals train’, strikes apartment block On 15 January, a cleaner set an empty coaching stock formation in motion while working on it in a Stockholm depot. The unit over-rode a set of buffer stops and crashed into a block of flats. The cleaner was seriously injured; noWe all know that driving too one in the block of flats was harmed.fast is dangerous. True, there have While initial reports said that the cleanerbeen many rail accidents caused by FOXHALL Jn, 1967 had driven the train without authority,overspeeding throughout history, many further investigation revealed that it had On 27 July 1967, a passenger train been stabled improperly and that her– like the accident at Foxhall Junction travelling at 70 mph derailed on part in the incident was accidental.in 1967 (see box) – have resulted in a crossover West of Didcot; twoderailment and death. Austria: Two trains carriages overturned, killing one and collide, injuring 39Such accidents usually involve poor route injuring 33.knowledge or – in the very earliest days of Early on 21 January, two commuter The train had been put onto the relief trains collided head-on in Vienna. Initialrailways – a lack of continuous brakes or line near Reading, but the driver reports suggest that the signaller gaveblock signalling. Recently, however, the was unaware of the track layout and one of the trains permission to proceeddaily logs have started to include incidents into an occupied section, single lineof overspeeding through Emergency Speed signalling at Foxhall Junction, where working being in place after a pointsRestrictions while engineering work is under a ‘green’ on the Relief meant that a failure earlier in the day. Thirty-nineway on the adjacent line. train was actually signalled to cross people were injured, three of them to the main. seriously. An investigation has beenIncidents have been recorded of trains launched.passing through some 20 mph ESRs as As a result of this incident, themuch as 80. As yet, there have been no signalling at Foxhall was simplified. Portugal: Train rear-endsaccidents as a result, but it can be off- It was also decided that junction waiting train in platformputting to say the least. indicators should always be provided At 21:18 (local time) on 21 January for divergent routes – even if the 2013, an inter-city service struckAnd at the very least it can shock staff and the rear of a regional train waiting at divergent route was the Main one.lead to possession overruns, delays to Alfarelos station. The inter-city trainservices, disgruntled passengers and so passed a signal at danger at the stationon. throat. There were no fatalities, but 21 people sustained minor injuries. AnLet’s make sure it stays a rare log entry and investigation has been launched.not the subject of an inquiry. Don’t forget to Slovakia: Train strikes de-icingcheck your WON. vehicle, train driver killed At 21:00 (local time) on 23 January, an inter-city service struck a de-icing vehicle near Liptovský Mikuláš. The train driver was killed, but there were no reported passenger injuries. Australia: Buffer stop collision injures 14 At 09:40 on 31 January, a commuter train struck the buffer stops at Cleveland station, injuring 14 people. Early reports suggest that the braking system was unable to cope with the adhesion conditions brought about by leaf fall. South Africa: Rear-end collision injures 200 At 07:00 (local time) on 31 January, at least 200 people were hurt when two passenger trains collided near Saulsville, Pretoria. The train operator said the cause was not known, but confirmed that an earlier cable theft had resulted in the automated signalling system being off. // 11
  12. 12. life-savingsurveyRight Track talks to senior humanfactors specialist Toni Flint, who’s lookingfor your views on suicide prevention Toni FlintAs you may remember from Right is working so far.’ member of the public who is suicidal or getTrack 2, the Network Rail and involved in dealing with a suicide incident.Samaritans’ joint suicide prevention The survey will look at: We’d like to hear from people who haveprogramme – supported and endorsed participated in programme activities and • Participation in suicide preventionby ASLEF – was introduced in 2010. those who haven’t.’ programme activitiesThis has included ‘contacts training’ forrail staff to understand how to intervene ‘We really need the input! Some • Views on the programme’s effectivenessto prevent suicides, and also to manage companies will be distributing paper copiesthe personal trauma when these • Attitudes about suicide of the questionnaire or you can go online tounfortunate events occur. complete it: • Experiences of suicide on the railway https://www.surveymonkey.com/RSSB’s senior human factors specialist, s/suicides. • Examples of interventions that mightToni Flint, is part of a team working on We need to get responses by 10 May. ’ have prevented a suicide on the railwaybehalf of the whole rail industry, togetherwith the Tavistock Institute, to evaluate the ‘It should take about 25 minutes to • Your ideas for how the suicideprogramme. complete the questionnaire. Your answers prevention programme could be will remain anonymous and you don’t need improved furtherAs Toni explains: to answer every question if you don’t want Toni goes on: to.’‘Rail staff are key to helping reduce thenumber of suicide attempts occurring on ‘We’re interested in hearing from station For more information about the survey,the network. We want the views of Right staff, train drivers, MOMs and any other contact RSSB on enquirydesk@rssb.co.ukTrack readers on how well the programme members of staff who might encounter a or telephone 020 3142 5400. Take part in the survey to help evaluate the programme: Go to: https://www.surveymonkey.com/ s/suicides Takes about 25 minutes to complete All answers are anonymous You don’t have to answer all the Suicide prevention is a really important topic for the rail industry. questions Suicides account for over 200 fatalities a year. Rail staff can Deadline is 10 May be seriously affected by witnessing a suicide and dealing with Unsure about anything? its aftermath. Suicides also result in significant disruption for Contact RSSB: passengers, and costs the industry millions every year. enquirydesk@rssb.co.uk12 //
  13. 13. MoorgaterememberedAftermath of the Moorgate train crash. Copyright Associated Newspapers / Rex FeaturesHow an accident on the Tube led to signalling changes on bothLondon Underground and the mainline railwayAt 08:46 on 28 February 1975, a Tube train Postmortem evidence indicated that, at thefailed to slow on the approach to Moorgate. time of impact, the driver’s hand had beenIt overran the platform, before colliding with on the brake handle, rather than in front ofthe buffer stops and striking the end wall his face to protect it. Some passengers saidbeyond. Forty-three people were killed, the train sped up when entering the station;including the driver. some standing on the platform reported that the driver had been sitting upright andThe accident took place on the route to looking straight ahead. The state of theFinsbury Park, which then formed part of motor control gear suggested that powerthe London Underground network, but is had been applied to the motors until withinnow operated by First Capital Connect. 2 seconds of the impact.The first ambulances arrived at 08:54; the Moorgate is a busy interchange for London Medical evidence said it was possible Underground and mainline services into thefire brigade followed soon after. Rescue the driver had been affected by amnesia. City of London. FCC runs the train servicewas very difficult and the last survivor was However, the investigation report simply out of Moorgate to Finsbury Park and intonot freed for over 13 hours. The last body concluded that the accident was caused Hertfordshireto be recovered was that of the driver by ‘a lapse on the part of the driver’, thehimself, but this was not achieved until inspector being unable to pin down a20:00 on 5 March 1975. precise reason. ‘Moorgate Control’ comprises a series of trip cocks, linked to timers, Moorgate led to the introduction of which are designed to stop trains ‘Moorgate Control’ (known as ‘Trains travelling over a certain speed on the Entering Terminal Stations’ on LU). This was approach to buffer stops. fitted in all dead-end tunnels and termini throughout the Underground system. It is the forerunner of the TPWS OSS loop, as show green on the approach to a terminal fitted on terminal lines. platform line. This effectively regarded the fixed stop light at the buffers as a signal British Rail also became concerned at the and required a ‘caution’ aspect to be possibility of a similar event happening displayed at the preceding one. The display on the national network. An early move of a caution aspect in turn caused the AWS included changing the signalling system horn to be sounded if AWS was fitted. ThisThe end of the tunnel at so that a colour light signal would not had to be acknowledged or the train brakesMoorgate’s platform 9 today would be automatically applied. // 13
  14. 14. RAIB report brief:James Street Liverpool South Parkway on the Merseyrail network. Photo: Network RailAt 23:29 on Saturday 22 October 2011, 16-year-old GeorgiaVarley was struck and killed by the train she had left30 seconds earlier.James Street is on Merseyrails’ Wirral before the train moved or that he looked the ‘ready to start’ code before their doorline. Its metro services run into the late briefly in her direction but did not see her has fully closed. This serves to reduce theevening and allow revellers to get round or that he did not see her because his dispatch time.the Liverpool on a Saturday night. On attention was on his control panel and athis particular occasion, Georgia Varley large group of people on the platform’. The report also details some of thewas leaning against a train as it began to work RSSB has done, particularly itsmove out of the station. When she fell, Platform video camera footage shows the establishment in June 2011 of the Stationthe platform edge gap was wide enough guard warning her to stand back in the Safety Improvement Project, which isfor her to fall through out onto the track. moments before the train departs and it is supported by ATOC, train operators,Her post-mortem toxicology report likely, says RAIB, that he did this because Network Rail and the ORR. To date, therecorded a blood alcohol concentration he thought it would be immediately project has delivered:nearly three times the UK legal drink effective and because he had no direct anddrive limit. immediate way to stop the train. STATION SAFETY WORKSHOPRAIB’s report on the accident concluded While the rail industry’s overall safety recordthat the guard dispatched the train while has improved in recent years, accidents atGeorgia was leaning against it, adding that the platform-train interface have increased,it was possible he did this ‘because he had even accounting for an increased numberseen her but expected her to move away of passenger journeys over a period of time which saw a known industry hazard (trains with slam doors but no central locking) withdrawn from service. RAIB feels that this suggests the industry’s focus on operational matters has failed to deliver improved safety at the platform-train interface, and there is a need to consider technical as well as operational solutions to reduce the risk. Action taken RAIB notes that, after the accident, Check out Right Track 1 for our feature Merseyrail added an alternative process on the Station Safety Workshop, held to its dispatch procedure, which allows at RSSB in January 2012. guards, at their discretion, to send a driver14 //
  15. 15. Station safety Newswire...• Increased awareness across all Germany: Rail worker killed by operators and Network Rail through post-collision debris one-to-one interviews, surveys, An investigation has been launched into conferences, workshops and a track maintenance worker killed by newsletters debris thrown when an express struck a wagon at Reinbek on 7 February.• A network of Station Safety Improvement Champions in each of the India: Station stampede kills 36 supporting companies On 11 February 2013, 36 people were killed and 30 were injured when• An improved understanding of the risk a footbridge collapsed at Allahabad with publication of a special statistics as passengers rushed for a train. The report station was overcrowded due to more than 10,000 people attending the Hindu• New tools and guides to improve risk festival of Kumbh Mela. assessment and competence and Japan: Train strikes lorry and mounts station platform, 16• A new Station Safety Resource Centre injured on Opsweb to provide operators with easy access to all project outputs and At 15:50 (local time) on 12 February other relevant information 2013, a passenger train struck a lorry at a level crossing, derailed and mountedThe project continues with the objective the platform at Arai station in Takasagoof developing a holistic approach to the City. Sixteen people were injured, including the train driver.assessment of all types of station risk,specialist research into potential engineering Ireland: Passenger’s foot severedand asset solutions. Recognising the The second is for Merseyrail, in consultation in fall between train and platformfuture challenges of passenger growth, with other relevant organisations, to At Tara Street, Dublin, on 21 February aageing population and station investment ‘evaluate equipment and methods to passenger’s foot was severed when sheopportunities, the aim is now to develop a reduce the likelihood of persons falling lost her footing and fell between a DARTlonger-term strategy for the co-ordinated through the platform edge gap and to train and the platform while alighting.improvement of station safety across the implement these measures when practical’. UK: ‘Black Death’ skeletonswhole rail network. found in Crossrail closet The third is for the ORR to make sure thereRecommendations and further is industry guidance on reducing the risk at Crossrail workers were shocked to findaction the platform-train interface. 13 skeletons buried under Charterhouse Square in the City of London. The 13RAIB has made three recommendations A cross-industry workshop on the issues met their end almost seven centuriesto the industry: one is for Merseyrail to raised by the report was held at the ORR ago; experts are linking them with the Black Death, as records show that aevaluate and where practical improve the on 27 March 2013. We hope to report on it burial ground for plague victims oncemeans of train dispatch. in the next issue of Right Track. existed nearby. UK: Passenger and revenue stats break records RED 28 covered the risks at the The latest ORR figures show that there platform-train interface. Copies were 385 million passenger journeys on are still available from RSSB – the GB rail network from 1 October to contact enquirydesk@rssb.co.uk 31 December 2012 – that’s 14 million for details. more than during the same period in 2011. Growth was evident across all sectors, with 262 million journeys on London & South East services, 32.6 million on inter-city routes and 90.4 million on regional trains. The number of kilometres travelled by passengers also rose by 2.8% to 14.6 billion. In cash terms, the total franchised passenger revenue reached £1.96billion. This is the highest recorded revenue level generated in any quarter. Non- franchised passenger revenue also rose to a new high of £12.7million.Photo: ATOC // 15
  16. 16. SPADtalk So, from 2 March 2013, the term ‘SPAD’ applies only to those incidents previously dealt with under Category A. For category B, C and D, events will continue to be investigated as before, but will be referred to as ‘operating incidents’ as opposed to being labelled SPADs from the outset. Thecalling a SPAD a SPAD emphasis will be more on what the cause of the incident was, rather than on the fact that a signal was passed. For example, a signal returning to danger in front of a train, because of a failure of a relay, is primarily a signalling equipment failure, so a problem with the asset rather than a SPAD. The fact that the train passed a red is consequential, and not really at the heart of what went wrong. The safety benefit is that it focuses any investigation on the causes of the incident. For example, a signaller could place a signal to danger in full and proper accordance with the Rule Book (Category C), and the driver may stop in time, or they might pass the red. In any case, whatever it was that led the signaller to act needs to be investigated as the cause. The only difference now, is that even if the driver does pass a red in a Category C-style operating incident, it won’t be labelledIf a signal is at danger, and a train goes the Railways and Other Guided Transport a SPAD. This brings such events intopast it without authority, then it’s always Systems (Safety) Regulations 2006 (ROGS). line with all other types of accident andbeen regarded as a ‘SPAD’. However, As part of this quest for consistency, ROGS incident – none of which have such specificsince 2 March 2013, new definitions have excludes those incidents in categories B, categories.been applied across the GB mainline C and D from being reported as a SPAD. For more information, contact RSSB:railway to align us with European practice. Indeed, in mainland Europe, only the enquirydesk@rssb.co.uk category A SPADs are actually consideredWhen the term ‘signal passed at danger’ SPADs.was coined, it also included ‘technicalSPADs’, for example a ‘green’ returning todanger in front of a train which was unable What’s happening to SPAD categories?to stop before passing it. Whereas thiswas ‘technically’ a SPAD, it was recognised These remain known as Category A SPADs,that the circumstances are different when including use of the A1, A2, A3 and A4 sub-it returns to danger for a ‘technical’ reason. Category A categories. A driver passes a signal at danger when Although the letter ‘A’ is not really required,Hence the term! there was sufficient time/distance to stop the term has been retained to save changing at it. associated reporting forms, and also toThis was later refined when technical recognise the differing types of event thatSPADs were termed ‘category B SPADs’, might lead to it.with the ‘traditional’ SPAD being termed‘category A’. Two further categories, ‘C’ Category Band ‘D’, were also added. A signal returns to danger in front of a train because of equipment failure.However, the European Railway SafetyDirective sets requirements on each EU Category C These are known as ‘operating incidents’, and A signal is returned to danger deliberately, so no longer referred to as SPADs. The actualcountry to have some consistency in the whether manually or automatically. cause of the incident (reversion, replacementway rail safety is managed – primarily so or runaway) is the overriding concern. Category Dit’s possible to run trains across national A runaway vehicle(s) passes a signal atborders more easily. danger.In the UK, the directive is translated as RIGHT Right Track is available to download from Opsweb - righttrack@rssb.co.uk www.opsweb.co.uk