Fun with History St. Augustine Summer Youth College 2008 Mrs. Caryn Cuadra
A Brief History of St. Augustine <ul><li>St. Augustine is the oldest, continuously settled city established by Europeans i...
History… <ul><li>In  1763 , the  Treaty of Paris  ended the  French and Indian War  and gave  Florida  and St. Augustine t...
History… <ul><li>Florida was under Spanish control again from  1784  to  1821 . In  1821 , the  Adams- Onís  Treaty  peace...
From Flagler to Future <ul><li>In the late 19th century the  railroad  came to town, and led by northeastern  industrialis...
Flagler College <ul><li>Flagler College was formerly Ponce De Leon Hotel built by Henry Morrison Flagler in the late 1800s...
Castillo de San Marcos <ul><li>The Castillo is a  masonry   star fort  made of a stone called &quot; coquina &quot;, liter...
Fort Mose Settlement <ul><li>Fort Mose (pronounced &quot;Moh-say&quot;) was the first free black settlement legally sancti...
St. Augustine Lighthouse <ul><li>St. Augustine was the site of the first  lighthouse  established in  Florida  by the new,...
Oldest Wooden Schoolhouse <ul><li>The  Oldest Wooden School House  is a wooden structure near the city gates of  St. Augus...
What interests you about St. Augustine?
Goals of this class <ul><li>Learn about St. Augustine </li></ul><ul><li>Redesign the city </li></ul><ul><li>Share what we’...
<ul><li>Pictures and information from Wikipedia. </li></ul>
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Fun With History

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A brief history of St. Augustine and some popular tourist attractions.

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Fun With History

  1. 1. Fun with History St. Augustine Summer Youth College 2008 Mrs. Caryn Cuadra
  2. 2. A Brief History of St. Augustine <ul><li>St. Augustine is the oldest, continuously settled city established by Europeans in the continental United States. It was founded by the Spanish in 1565. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1586 St. Augustine was attacked and burned by Sir Francis Drake . In 1668 it was plundered by pirates and most of the inhabitants were killed. In 1702 and 1740 it was unsuccessfully attacked by British forces from their new colonies in the Carolinas and Georgia . </li></ul>
  3. 3. History… <ul><li>In 1763 , the Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War and gave Florida and St. Augustine to the British, an acquisition the British had been unable to take by force and keep due to the strong fort there. St. Augustine came under British rule and served as a Loyalist colony during the American Revolutionary War . The Treaty of Paris in 1783 gave the American colonies north of Florida their independence, and ceded Florida to Spain in recognition of Spanish efforts on behalf of the American colonies during the war. </li></ul>
  4. 4. History… <ul><li>Florida was under Spanish control again from 1784 to 1821 . In 1821 , the Adams- Onís Treaty peaceably turned the Spanish colonies in Florida and, with them, St. Augustine, over to the United States. </li></ul><ul><li>Florida was a United States territory until 1845 when it became a U.S. state . </li></ul>
  5. 5. From Flagler to Future <ul><li>In the late 19th century the railroad came to town, and led by northeastern industrialist Henry Flagler , St. Augustine became a winter resort for the very wealthy. </li></ul><ul><li>The city is a popular tourist attraction for a variety of reasons. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Flagler College <ul><li>Flagler College was formerly Ponce De Leon Hotel built by Henry Morrison Flagler in the late 1800s. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a private 4-year liberal arts college. </li></ul><ul><li>Tours are available. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Castillo de San Marcos <ul><li>The Castillo is a masonry star fort made of a stone called &quot; coquina &quot;, literally &quot;little shells&quot;, made of ancient shells that have bonded together to form a type of stone similar to limestone . Workers were brought in from Havana , Cuba , to construct the fort. The coquina was quarried from Anastasia Island across the bay from the Castillo, and ferried across to the construction site. Construction lasted twenty-three years, being completed in 1695. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fort Mose Settlement <ul><li>Fort Mose (pronounced &quot;Moh-say&quot;) was the first free black settlement legally sanctioned in what would become the United States . The community began when Florida was a Spanish colony . The Colonial Governor, Manuel Montiano, established the fortified town in 1738 , where it became a haven for escaped slaves from the English colonies to the north. Because of this, it is considered a precursor site of the Underground Railroad . The military leader at the fort was a man of African origin named Francisco Menendez . </li></ul>
  9. 9. St. Augustine Lighthouse <ul><li>St. Augustine was the site of the first lighthouse established in Florida by the new, territorial, American Government in 1824. According to some archival records and maps, this &quot;official&quot; American lighthouse was placed on the site of an earlier watchtower built by the Spanish as early as the late 16th century. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Oldest Wooden Schoolhouse <ul><li>The Oldest Wooden School House is a wooden structure near the city gates of St. Augustine, Florida . It is reportedly the oldest wooden school building in the United States . The house is encircled by a large chain , placed there in 1937, to help anchor it to the ground in case of a hurricane . The walls are made of bald cypress and red cedar which are held together by wooden pins and iron spikes but it has had recent maintenance such as a new roof among other fixes. The building originally belonged to Juan Genoply. The classroom was shared by both boys and girls, making it the first school in the nation to go &quot; co-ed &quot;. </li></ul>
  11. 11. What interests you about St. Augustine?
  12. 12. Goals of this class <ul><li>Learn about St. Augustine </li></ul><ul><li>Redesign the city </li></ul><ul><li>Share what we’ve learned through creating a brochure. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Pictures and information from Wikipedia. </li></ul>

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