The English in North America Matthew McHolland History 140 Professor Arguello
The English in North America CHESAPEAKE COLONIES- *** CHAPTER 7*** DURING THE BRITISH COLONIZATION OF THE NEW WORLD, THE SOUTHERN THIRTEEN COLONIES AND THECHESAPEAKE PROVIDED ENGLAND WITH MUCH NEEDED MONEY AND RESOURCES.REGARDING AGRICULTURE, AGRICULTURE IN THIS AREA HAD A BIG INFLUENCE ON TOBACCO. EVENTUALLY TOBACCO TURNED INTO THE LARGEST CASH CROP FOR THE CHESAPEAKE AND SOUTHERN COLONIES. AS AGRICULTURE GREW IN IMPORTANCE IN THESOUTHERN ECONOMY, THE DEMAND FOR MORE WORKERS GREW AS WELL.
The English in North America Chesapeake Colonies- ***Chapter 7*** TRADE- During this time, tobacco products, lumber grain and boats became very popular. RELIGION- Protestant was the predominant in the Chesapeake Colonies until the late 19th century. Much like the old world, colonial America was divided into a rigid social structure. Pedigree mattered more than anything!
***Slavery**** Chapter 7*** Americans in Virginia and Maryland discovered tobacco to be very profitable. A lot of land was given to tobacco plantations because there was such a high demand for the good in Europe. Plantation owner began to import slaves from Africa to do the work. The slaves were taken from their families in Africa and worked all day cultivating, drying leaves, and packing the tobacco. Many slaves tried to scape from their owners but not many succeeded.
***Immigration*** Ch # 7 The first successful settlement in Chesapeake, Jamestown (1607), was set up by the Virginia Company and most of its population was made of English. Maryland was established by George Calvert as a refuge for Roman Catholics. Although it was intended as a refugee for Catholics, a significant part of the population was protestant, and protestant gained control of the colony during the English Civil Wars.
***The Government System*** Chapter 7 The first democratically elected government was the House of Burgesses, which was first convened in 1619 by Governor George Yeardley. The governor had the most power of any. His duties included judicial, religious, military, appointing officials, leader of legislature, but no power over public funds.
***The Middle Colonies*** Chapter 12 The Middle Colonies comprised the middle region of the thirteen colonies of the British Empire in Northern America. Much of the area was part of the Netherland until the British exerted control over the region. The middle colonies had rich soil and this allowed this area of the country to become a major exporter of wheat and other grains.
***The Middle Colonies*** Chapter 12 HISTORY- the middle colonies were explored by Henry Hudson on a journey into the Hudson river and Delaware Bay in 1609. The Dutch soon claimed the land. Although the Swedes and the Dutch fought over the land, ultimately the Dutch claimed the land and they name it New Netherland. In the 1660s, the English largely conquered this land from the Dutch , renaming the area New York after the Duke of York, James II.
***The Middle Colonies*** Chapter 12 LABOR- was always short supply. The most common solution was indentured servitude of young whites. However, by the 18th century, black slaves comprised twelve percent of the population in New York. Most of them were house servants in Manhattan, or farm workers on Dutch states. RELIGION- The middle colonies were the most religiously diverse part of the British Empire, and experience a high degree of tolerance.