Portugal empire 1


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Portugal empire 1

  1. 1. *Portuguese Empire* Matthew McHolland History 140 Professor Arguello
  2. 2. *Portuguese Empire (1400-1800)* .July 25, 1415 marked the beginning of the Portuguese Empire, for this was the time when the Portuguese Armada departed to the Islamic center and conquered Ceuta. . During this time, the Muslims rebelled against the Portuguese but this was just the beginning of the Portuguese Empire. . Portugal was at some point a world power during Europe’s “Age of Discovery.” . Portugal Empire consisted of several colonies around the world and they were South America, Africa, Asia and Australasia. . Unfortunately, the Portuguese Empire reached its highest point but little by little began to collapse due to countries such as the Netherlands, England and France. Those countries “took an increase share of the spice and slave trade.”
  3. 3. *Portuguese Empire (1400-1800)* - The Portuguese Empire Collapses. The first event that began to hurt the Portuguese Empire was the military decline due to two devastating battles. The battle of Alcacer Quibir, Morroco in 1578 and Spain’s attempt to conquer England in 1588. - Another event that weaken the Portuguese Empire was the shocking earthquake that took place in 1755. - Once again, in 1822, Portugal had experience losing Portugal, by then its largest colony. This event cause migration to occur, for nearly two million Portuguese left Europe and eventually established in Brazil and the United States.
  4. 4. *Colonial Brazil* - The Viceroyalty or Colonial Brazil comprises the period from 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese until 1815, when Brazil was elevated to kingdom alongside Portugal as the United Kingdom of Portugal , Portugal and the Algarves. - According to the article “Colonial Brazil,” the 300 years of Brazilian colonial history, the economic exploration of the territory was based on Brazil wood extraction, sugar production, and finally on gold and diamond mining. Unfortunately, most of the people that did this kind of work were slaves from Africa.
  5. 5. ***Colonial Brazil*** - In 1534, John III, organized the colonization of Brazil through lands grants. As of 1520, the Portuguese had realized that Brazil was likely to be disputed because Francis I of France was challenging the Treaty of Tordesillas. - In order to support settlement, fifteen longitudinal tracks, ranging from the coast to the Tordesillas limit were created. During this time, each captain major was to build settlements, grant allotments, and minister justice. The point of this situation was to be responsible for the development of the colonization and the cost. - With relation to agriculture, the establishment of the sugar cane industry demanded intensive labor and this event caused Portuguese to begin with the process of bringing slaves from Africa.
  6. 6. *THE AGE OF EXPLORATION* One of the biggest discoveries that the Portuguese found was the extraction of red dye. -Between 1500 and 1530, relatively few Portuguese expeditions came to the new land to chart the coast and to obtain brazilwood. In Europe, this tree was used to obtain a valuable dye to stain luxury textiles. - In order to obtain the trees, Portuguese had to rely on the help of the natives, who worked in exchange for European goods like mirrors, scissors, knives and axes.
  7. 7. ***Conclusion*** - After reading about the Portuguese Empire, I learned that the Portuguese Empire was a world power at some point of this life. During this time, Portugal had the opportunity to conquer other lands overseas. Sadly, this empire began to collapse but this was a part of history that won’t be forgotten. Thanks to the conquest, Portuguese were able to find a red dye that was used to stain textiles. Also, thanks to the conquest, Brazil is now a stable country. I learned that the Portuguese Empire did not just disappear in one day. It was a process and during this process devastating wars took place as well as a horrible earthquake that caused the death of millions of people. Overall, I am glad that I had the opportunity to learn more about Brazil because I will be going to Brazil next summer and now I know more about its history.