*Colonization* Matthew McHolland History 150 Professor Arguello
**Colonization: A Major Theme**• After reading the book “Defenders of the Fait,” by James Reston Jr, I discovered that the major theme of this book was colonization. Therefore, I decided to create a power point with relation to this topic so that I can expand and simply focus on such potent theme.• Colonization is literally the spreading of species into a new habitat. In this case, the specie that I am going to talk about are humans.• Historical colonization: The two periods of time that I found the most interesting are the classical period and the middle ages.
***Classical Period Colonization*** In ancient times, maritime nations such as the city-states of Greece and Phoenicia often established colonies to farmuninhabited land. In classical times, land suitable for farming was often claimed by migratory "barbarian tribes" who lived by hunting and gathering. To ancient civilized people, the land simply appeared vacant. However this does not mean thatconflict did not exist between the colonizers and native peoples.
***Classical Period Colonization***• Another period of colonization in Ancient times was from the Romans. The Roman Empire conquered a large part of Western Europe, North Africa and West Asia. In North Africa and west Asia they were often conquering civilized peoples, but as they moved north into Europe they mostly encountered rural tribes with very little in the way of cities. In these areas, waves of Roman colonization often followed the conquest of the areas.
***Classical Period Colonization***• Many of the current cities around Europe began as Roman colonies, such as the German city Köln (Cologne), which was originally called Colonia Claudia by the Romans; and the British capital city of london, which the Romans founded as Londinium.
***Middle Ages Colonization***• The decline and collapse of the Roman Empire saw the large scale movement of people in Eastern Europe and Asia. This is largely seen as beginning with nomadic horsemen from Asia moving into the richer pasture land to the west and so forcing the people there to move further west and so on until eventually the Goths were forced to cross into the Roman Empire, resulting in continuous war with Rome which played a major role in the fall of the Roman Empire. It was this period that saw the large scale movement of peoples establishing new colonies all over western Europe, the events of this time saw the development of many of the modern day nations of Europe, the Franks in France and Germany and the Anglo-Saxons in England.
***Middle Ages Colonization***• In West Asia, during Sasanid Empires, some Persian people did some colonizing in Yemen and Oman.• The Vikings of Scandinavia also carried out a large scale colonization. The Vikings are best known as raiders, setting out from their original homelands in Denmark, southern Norway and southern Sweden, to pillage the coastlines of northern Europe. In time, the Vikings began trading, rather than raiding, and established colonies. The Vikings discovered Iceland and establishing colonies before moving onto Greenland, where they briefly held some colonies. The Vikings also launched an unsuccessful attempt at colonizing an area they called Vinland, which is probably at a site now known as LAnse aux Meadows, Newfoundland and Labrador, on the eastern coastline of Canada.