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Grammar: Semi colon

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Grammar: Semi colon

  1. 1. The semi colon The Semicolon ;
  2. 2. Simple sentence Let’s begin with a simple sentence: Grandma stays up too late.
  3. 3. 2 simple sentences Now let’s expand on that a bit: Grandma stays up too late. She’s afraid she’s going to miss something. This is OK. Two independent ideas, separated by a period.
  4. 4. Combine 2 simple sentences Let’s combine the two ideas.  Grandma stays up too late, she’s afraid she’s going to miss something. We incorrectly connected two independent clauses with only a comma.
  5. 5. Combine 2 simple sentences with conjunction We could use a coordinating conjunction: This is better! Note the comma that before the coordinating conjunction . Grandma is afraid she’ll miss something, so she stays up too late.
  6. 6. 2 simple sentences with one subordinate idea We could subordinate one of the ideas: Grandma stays up too late because she’s afraid she’s going to miss something . Now the comma disappeared. The second idea now depends on the other; it has become a dependent clause.
  7. 7. simple sentences with semicolon Let’s try a semicolon. Grandma stays up too late ; she’s afraid she’s going to miss something. Notice there is no conjunction used with this semicolon – either subordinating or coordinating. Just the semicolon, all by itself.
  8. 8. However, moreover, therefore, as a result of - Conjunctive adverbs Sometimes semicolons are accompanied by conjunctive adverbs – words such as however, moreover, therefore, nevertheless, consequently, as a result. Grandma is afraid she’s going to miss something ; as a result, she stays up too late.
  9. 9. Semicolon pattern ; as a result, semicolon + conjunctive adverb + comma This is a typical pattern with semicolons. Notice the pattern:
  10. 10. lists in a sentence: confusing example There is one other use of the semicolon: to help us sort out complicated lists , like this one: The committee included Peter Chen, Professor of Mass Communications, from Taipei, Taiwan, Sylvia Wantabe, Professor of Business, from Kyoto, Japan, William Chang, Director of Technology, from Boston, Massachusetts, and Michelle O’Leary, Professor of Nursing, from Dublin, Ireland.
  11. 11. Lists in a sentence: correct example The committee included Peter Chen, Professor of Mass Communications, from Taipei, Taiwan ; Sylvia Wantabe, Professor of Business, from Kyoto, Japan ; William Chang, Director of Technology, from Boston, Massachusetts ; and Michelle O’Leary, Professor of Nursing, from Dublin, Ireland. Be careful where you insert semicolons in this sentence.
  12. 12. conclusion Now you know everything you’ll ever need to know about using semicolons!
  13. 13. BEST info This presentation is especially created for you by Nora 恩沛 2738 0770 0910 311 516 Located near 101 [email_address] CausingtheSongtoSing copyright March 2005

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