New Media in the South Caucasus: Engaging Publics

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This is a look at public media 2.0 on an international scale. It reviews the way in which public media and new media interact in the context of the South Caucasus.

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  • Media are moving from mass media…
  • To many-to-many media…
  • Partnerships--Christian Science Montior PLUS NewsHour PLUS public broadcasting stations PLUS bloggers.
  • Watchdog function
  • Pro-am; multiple media; unofficial; nonprofit
  • Open, citizen-run, against centralized news authority, spontaneous.
  • New Media in the South Caucasus: Engaging Publics

    1. 1. New Media in the South Caucasus: Engaging Publics<br />
    2. 2. What to expect<br />Introduction<br />Public Media 2.0<br />New Media: A Toolkit<br />The South Caucasus Current Media Climate<br />A Media Literacy Context<br />Country Specific Overview of New Media<br />Transcaucasian Collaboration Projects<br />Caveats of New Media for Change Theory<br />Questions<br />
    3. 3. Note context<br />Public Media as foundation<br /> A South Caucasian giving this presentation may focus on drastically different things<br /> The convenience and limits of transnational projects<br />
    4. 4. My Introduction<br />Peace Corps 2003-2005<br />Fulbright Fellow 2007-2008<br />
    5. 5. Public media<br />Publics can disagree, however they form with a common central issue<br />Engaging publics to solve problems<br />Media as tool to create a dynamic civil society<br />Capacity to act on your own/ <br /> greater agency<br />
    6. 6. Wikipedia definition of new media*<br />New media is a term meant to encompass the emergence of digital, computerized, or networkedinformation and communication technologies in the later part of the 20th century. Most technologies described as &quot;new media&quot; are digital, often having characteristics of being manipulatable, networkable, dense, compressible, interactive and impartial<br />
    7. 7. Wikipedia is new media“Manipulable, Interactive, Impartial”<br />Manipulable: first edit in 2003 since then hundreds more on just one definition<br />Interactive: Anyone who wants to can contribute<br />Impartial: Wisdom of Crowds<br />“In part because individual judgment is not accurate enough or consistent enough, cognitive diversity is essential to good decision making.”<br /> -James Surowiecki<br />
    8. 8.
    9. 9.
    10. 10. Public media 2.0<br />Where public media meets new media<br />Engaged publics using participatory networked tools to create change<br />This has different manifestations relative to government systems it interacts with<br />
    11. 11.
    12. 12. OpenCongress<br />
    13. 13.
    14. 14.
    15. 15. New Media: It’s What you Make of it<br /> Entertainment<br /> Business<br />Education<br /> Journalism<br /> Cross border Communication<br /> Peacebuilding<br /> Repression<br />
    16. 16. It’s Also What you Use to make it<br />Networked participatory media is fundamental:<br />Blogs<br />Vlogs<br /> User-generated photos<br />Slideshare<br /> Forums<br /> Podcasts<br /> Social Networking sites<br />Wikis<br />Mashups<br />Apps<br />Twitter<br />And more…<br />
    17. 17. Public Media in the South CaucasusFrom Color Revolutions to donkeys<br />
    18. 18. Georgia<br />Historically the most outspoken in the region<br />Rose Revolution –Kmara and Rustavi 2<br />‘Rally Round the Flag’ effect: War with Russia<br />
    19. 19. “There is not a single nationwide TV channel in the country, which is not directly or indirectly controlled by the state. The judiciary is far from independent. The legislative branch is nothing but an obedient executor of the will of the government. The governing style of the president and his closest aides can be best characterized by the formula ‘we know best, so don&apos;t interfere.’ ”<br />-David Kakabadze, RFE/RL<br />Five Years After The Rose Revolution, A Functioning State<br />
    20. 20. Armenia<br />Russia’s closest ally in the region<br />The disparate Diaspora<br />Relations warming with Turkey<br />
    21. 21. “2008 an &apos;unprecedented&apos; year in terms of attacks on journalists and limitations on freedom of speech with 18 cases of physical attacks on journalists.”<br />-The Committee to Protect Freedom of Expression<br />Report on Violations of Media and Journalists Rights in Armenia<br />
    22. 22. Azerbaijan<br />BBC, RFL and VOA shut down January ’09<br />Government currently involved in biggest ‘new media’ scandal in the South Caucasus ever<br />Gov’t-run media consists of anti-Armenian rhetoric<br />
    23. 23. Azerbaijan is ranked 169th out of 195 in Global Press Freedom House Index<br />(Armenia, 151; Georgia, 128)<br />Freedom House <br />
    24. 24. Media literacy Questions<br />Who created this message and what is the purpose? <br />What creative techniques are used to attract and hold attention? <br />How might different people understand this message differently? <br />What values, lifestyles and points of view are represented in this message? <br />What is omitted from the message?<br />
    25. 25. New Media overview: Country specific<br />
    26. 26. Georgia<br />Approx. 1,500 blogs (tend to be mainly in Georgian)<br /> Generally ‘leisure’ content with some politics interspersed<br />Examples<br />Face.ge –a Facebook Georgian style<br />CYXYMU – a digital refugee<br />Koxora –an instant star<br />Giga Paichadze<br />
    27. 27. Georgian Spring<br />
    28. 28. Armenia<br />Healthy Armenian blogosphere in Russia’s livejournal.ru<br />Wide variety of blogs in English, Russian and Armenian<br />Examples<br />Armeniapedia.org<br />OnnikKrikorian<br />
    29. 29. UNZIPPED<br />
    30. 30. Azerbaijan<br />Wide variety of languages in Azerbaijani, English, Iranian, Turkish and Russian<br />Surprising amount of gov’t critical blogs in English<br />Examples<br />The Donkey Video<br />Arzu Gebullayeva<br />
    31. 31. Women’s Forum<br />
    32. 32. Transcaucasian public media projects<br />
    33. 33. Global Voices Online<br />
    34. 34. Threatened voices online<br />
    35. 35. OVERCOMING NEGATIVE STEREOTYPES<br />
    36. 36. Project Harmony’s DOTCOM<br />
    37. 37. Alternative Start<br />
    38. 38. Free Emin and Adnan<br />Transmedia: Facebook, Twitter, Blog, Vlog, YouTube<br />South Caucasus Unification: Georgian, Armenian and Azerbaijani consensus<br />Mass media coverage: NY Times, WA Post, Reuters, Reporters Without Borders, BBC, Global Voices<br />New media sparked censorship, new media used to protest censorship<br />
    39. 39. Facebook hate groups*<br />Certainly using new media tools, but is this public media?<br />
    40. 40. challenges<br />Catalyst of change vs. Opiate of masses?<br />Authoritarian deliberation<br />Slactivism<br />Lack of access (digital divide)<br />Not in a vacuum<br />Lack of institutionalism<br />
    41. 41. Questions?<br />Questions?<br />MicaelBogar<br />Center for Social Media<br />School of Communication<br />American University<br />bogar@american.edu<br />

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