**In Schultz v. Wheaton Glass Company in 1970,the U.S. Court of Appeals ruled jobs held bymen and women needed to be substantiallyequal but not identical, to be categorized asprotection under the Equal Pay Act. Therefore,an employer is unable to retitle womenspositions in order to pay them less than men.
**In 1971, the Supreme Court ruled that anemployer violates title VII when they refuse tohire women with younger children, yet arehiring men with the same family dynamics.
**Congressed passed the equal Employment Actin 1972 in order to completely promote equalemployment opportunities for Americanworkers.
**In 1974, a case was brought to the SupremeCourt contesting the concept of equal pay forequal work regardless of gender. The suit wasbrought against the Corning Glass Workscompany by Brennan. Female inspectors suedCorning because male inspectors were paidmore than females for identical work. Thecourt ruled Corning had violated the Equal PayAct of 1963.
**In 1978, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act waspassed which bans employment discriminationagainst pregnant women. Under this act,women cannot be fired or denied a job orpromotion because they could becomepregnant. This law also makes it illegal forwomen to be forced to take a pregnancy leaveif she is willing and able to complete workprior to the delivery of her child.
**In 2009, President Obama signed the LilyLedbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act, allowingcitizens who faced pay discrimination to filecomplaints with the government against theiremployer within 180 days of their lastpaycheck. This act is named for a formeremployee of Goodyear who was paid 15-40percent less than her male coworkers.
**Even today, women are still underpaidcompared to men. In 2010, the female to maleearning ratio was 0.77. The gap betweenearning wages significantly narrowed sincewomen’s salaries have increased and men’shave decreased. In 1970, women earned 59.4%of what men earned. In 2009, women earned77% of what men earned.