JULY 1 LIVE LESSON
1400-1600 AD
RENAISSANCE
BIG IDEA(S)
•  It was the rebirth of interest in classical ideas and culture; both
Greek and Roman.
•  The Renaissance pro...
WHY ITALY?
Had access to trade
routes
Served as trading centers
for the distribution of
goods to northern Europe
Were init...
EQ | HOW DID THE ARTS AND LITERATURE OF
THE RENAISSANCE DIFFER FROM THOSE OF
THE MIDDLE AGES?
Medieval art and
literature ...
PROMINENT ITALIAN ARTISTS
LEONARDO DA VINCI
• Italian artist
• Painted the two most
famous paintings in
the world
•  Mona ...
MONA
LISA
THE LAST SUPPER
PROMINENT ITALIAN ARTISTS
MICHELANGELO
• Italian artist
• His most famous
sculptures, Pieta and
David, were done
before he...
LA PIETA | 1499
MARBLE SCULPTURE,
CREATED WHEN HE WAS
ONLY 24 YEARS OLD.
DAVID
Michelangelo
created his
masterpiece
David in
1504.
CENSORED
CEILING OF THE SISTINE CHAPEL
ROME, ITALY
RENAISSANCE IDEAS
HUMANISM
Literary
movement
that began in
the 14th
Century
Believed man
was the most
excellent of
God’s
c...
PETRARCH
FATHER OF HUMANISM
•  Italian poet and
humanism scholar
•  Known for 14 line
poems (sonnets)
which expressed
roma...
NORTHERN RENAISSANCE
WRITERS | ERASMUS
•  Dutch philosopher
•  Notable Humanist writer
•  Wrote In Praise of Folly
(1511 A...
NORTHERN RENAISSANCE
WRITERS | SHAKESPEARE
• English writer
• Wrote Romeo &
Juliet (plays,
sonnets, essays)
Renaissance
Rebirth of
Greco
Roman
Literature
Begin in
Italy
Idea of
Humanism
?
B E G I N N I N G O F A N E W C H R I S T I A N C H U R C H
PROTESTANT
REFORMATION
BIG IDEA
•  For centuries, the Roman Catholic Church had little
competition in religious thought and action. The
resistanc...
CAUSES OF PROTESTANT
REFORMATION
Merchant wealth challenged Church’s view
of usury (loaning $ w/ interest)
German and Engl...
REFORMATION BEGINS
GERMANY | MARTIN LUTHER
GERMANY 1517
Martin Luther,
a monk, writes
the 95 Thesis
(95 complaints
against the
Pope and the
Catholic
Church)
GERMANY 1517
Result: A New Form of Christianity is Formed
Catholics in Europe begin to protest against the
Church’s corrup...
LUTHER’S VIEWS
•  Salvation by Faith Alone
•  To be Christian all one must do is believe
Bible is the Ultimate Authority
•...
PRINTING PRESS
• 
Bible printed
in English,
French and
German
Literacy rate
rises
Ideas of
Reformation
and
Renaissance
Spr...
REFORMATION SPREADS
FRANCE| JOHN CALVIN
• Beliefs
• Predestination – God
knows if you are destined
for heaven or hell.
• Salvation through fai...
ENGLAND | KING HENRY VIII
Wanted a
Divorce
Pope
Refused
Broke
from
Rome and
took the
Church’s
land.
Outcomes:
•  King Henr...
ENGLAND | ELIZABETH I
• Daughter of HenryVIII
• Est.Anglican Church of
England but was tolerant of
Catholic dissenters
• E...
1588
DEFEATED THE SPANISH ARMADA
Philip I of
Spain
(Catholic)
asked to
marry
Elizabeth
She Said NO!
He sent ships
to destr...
FINAL RESULTS OF
REFORMATION
Division of Europe
REFORMATION IN GERMANY
Princes in Northern
Germany converted
to Protestantism,
ending the authority
of the Pope.
In centra...
REFORMATION
IN FRANCE
• Catholic monarchy granted Protestant Huguenots
freedom of worship by the Edict of Nantes
(later re...
REFORMATION IN FRANCE
• Cardinal Richelieu
changed the focus of
the Thirty Years’ War
from a religious to a
political conf...
CATHOLICS REFORMATION
COUNTER REFORMATION
Catholic Church was losing
Followers and Money
Decided to Reform
themselves
3 METHODS OF REFORM
Council of
Trent to re-
affirm Catholic
Doctrine
(beliefs)
Society of
Jesus (Jesuits)
to spread
Cathol...
POST-REFORMATION
GROWTH OF NEW IDEAS – SIR
S
• Secularism- turn away from religion to worldly
matters
I
• Individualism (H...
July 1 Live Lesson _ Renaissance and Reformation
July 1 Live Lesson _ Renaissance and Reformation
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July 1 Live Lesson _ Renaissance and Reformation

  1. 1. JULY 1 LIVE LESSON
  2. 2. 1400-1600 AD RENAISSANCE
  3. 3. BIG IDEA(S) •  It was the rebirth of interest in classical ideas and culture; both Greek and Roman. •  The Renaissance produced new ideas that were reflected in the arts, philosophy, and literature. Patrons, wealthy from newly expanded trade, sponsored works that glorified city-states in northern Italy. At the same time, education became increasingly secular.
  4. 4. WHY ITALY? Had access to trade routes Served as trading centers for the distribution of goods to northern Europe Were initially independent city-states run like republics (*without church control)
  5. 5. EQ | HOW DID THE ARTS AND LITERATURE OF THE RENAISSANCE DIFFER FROM THOSE OF THE MIDDLE AGES? Medieval art and literature focused on the Church and salvation. Renaissance art focused on individuals and worldly matters, along with Christianity
  6. 6. PROMINENT ITALIAN ARTISTS LEONARDO DA VINCI • Italian artist • Painted the two most famous paintings in the world •  Mona Lisa •  The Last Supper
  7. 7. MONA LISA
  8. 8. THE LAST SUPPER
  9. 9. PROMINENT ITALIAN ARTISTS MICHELANGELO • Italian artist • His most famous sculptures, Pieta and David, were done before he was thirty. • Painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
  10. 10. LA PIETA | 1499 MARBLE SCULPTURE, CREATED WHEN HE WAS ONLY 24 YEARS OLD.
  11. 11. DAVID Michelangelo created his masterpiece David in 1504. CENSORED
  12. 12. CEILING OF THE SISTINE CHAPEL ROME, ITALY
  13. 13. RENAISSANCE IDEAS HUMANISM Literary movement that began in the 14th Century Believed man was the most excellent of God’s creatures Individuals had importance and worth Fulfillment in every day life should be emphasized rather than just in the afterlife Ideal man should excel in many fields Classical writings (Greco- Roman) should be studied
  14. 14. PETRARCH FATHER OF HUMANISM •  Italian poet and humanism scholar •  Known for 14 line poems (sonnets) which expressed romantic love and appreciation of nature.
  15. 15. NORTHERN RENAISSANCE WRITERS | ERASMUS •  Dutch philosopher •  Notable Humanist writer •  Wrote In Praise of Folly (1511 AD) •  A satire on Renaissance society and priests.
  16. 16. NORTHERN RENAISSANCE WRITERS | SHAKESPEARE • English writer • Wrote Romeo & Juliet (plays, sonnets, essays)
  17. 17. Renaissance Rebirth of Greco Roman Literature Begin in Italy Idea of Humanism ?
  18. 18. B E G I N N I N G O F A N E W C H R I S T I A N C H U R C H PROTESTANT REFORMATION
  19. 19. BIG IDEA •  For centuries, the Roman Catholic Church had little competition in religious thought and action. The resistance of the Church to change led to the Protestant Reformation, which resulted in the birth of new political and economic institutions. • Essential Question •  What were the problems and issues that provoked religious reforms in Western Christianity?
  20. 20. CAUSES OF PROTESTANT REFORMATION Merchant wealth challenged Church’s view of usury (loaning $ w/ interest) German and English nobility disliked Italian domination of the Church Catholic Church had great political power and wealth Church corruption and the sale of indulgences (buying forgiveness for sins) were widespread
  21. 21. REFORMATION BEGINS GERMANY | MARTIN LUTHER
  22. 22. GERMANY 1517 Martin Luther, a monk, writes the 95 Thesis (95 complaints against the Pope and the Catholic Church)
  23. 23. GERMANY 1517 Result: A New Form of Christianity is Formed Catholics in Europe begin to protest against the Church’s corruption. Gutenberg develops the printing press; prints and publishes the 95 Thesis.
  24. 24. LUTHER’S VIEWS •  Salvation by Faith Alone •  To be Christian all one must do is believe Bible is the Ultimate Authority •  All answers can be found in the Bible, not at Church All men are equal •  Pope, King and Peasant are viewed the same by God.
  25. 25. PRINTING PRESS •  Bible printed in English, French and German Literacy rate rises Ideas of Reformation and Renaissance Spread Result | Church and Pope Lose Power and Wealth
  26. 26. REFORMATION SPREADS
  27. 27. FRANCE| JOHN CALVIN • Beliefs • Predestination – God knows if you are destined for heaven or hell. • Salvation through faith and work ethic.
  28. 28. ENGLAND | KING HENRY VIII Wanted a Divorce Pope Refused Broke from Rome and took the Church’s land. Outcomes: •  King Henry VIII headed the newly formed National Church of England. •  Re-sold Church land and began capitalism.
  29. 29. ENGLAND | ELIZABETH I • Daughter of HenryVIII • Est.Anglican Church of England but was tolerant of Catholic dissenters • Expanded and colonized Kingdom intoAmerica
  30. 30. 1588 DEFEATED THE SPANISH ARMADA Philip I of Spain (Catholic) asked to marry Elizabeth She Said NO! He sent ships to destroy her kingdom… HE LOST!
  31. 31. FINAL RESULTS OF REFORMATION Division of Europe
  32. 32. REFORMATION IN GERMANY Princes in Northern Germany converted to Protestantism, ending the authority of the Pope. In central Germany, the Hapsburg family ruled the Holy Roman Empire under the Pope’s authority Result | 30 Years War Between Catholics and Protestants
  33. 33. REFORMATION IN FRANCE • Catholic monarchy granted Protestant Huguenots freedom of worship by the Edict of Nantes (later revoked). Thousands of Huguenots are slaughtered at the Bartholomew Massacre.
  34. 34. REFORMATION IN FRANCE • Cardinal Richelieu changed the focus of the Thirty Years’ War from a religious to a political conflict.
  35. 35. CATHOLICS REFORMATION COUNTER REFORMATION
  36. 36. Catholic Church was losing Followers and Money Decided to Reform themselves
  37. 37. 3 METHODS OF REFORM Council of Trent to re- affirm Catholic Doctrine (beliefs) Society of Jesus (Jesuits) to spread Catholicism Inquisition set up to reinforce Catholic Doctrine… punish those who did not follow it.
  38. 38. POST-REFORMATION GROWTH OF NEW IDEAS – SIR S • Secularism- turn away from religion to worldly matters I • Individualism (Humanism) - individual relationships w/ God and individual interpretations of belief R • Religious tolerance– allow individuals to freely practice religion Result| Christianity no long unifying force in Europe

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