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The Future of Activity Monitoring:
Innovating Beyond
Steps, Sleep, and Speed
Carol Torgan, PhD, FACSM
ICAMPAM Limerick, Ir...
The future of activity monitoring may be very different
than what you’re anticipating …
Looking to the future:
Arts
Smart Watches and ResearchKit
Animals
Arts:
Movement & Music
www.spotify.com/us/running/
Spotify music streaming service
App uses phone accelerometer to detect user’s pace
Selects mus...
“A global collaboration harnessing the power of music for
health.”
Platform to map music characteristics to real-time biom...
Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) metronome beats to facilitate gait
(increase tempo 5-10% above preferred walking caden...
tempo :: pace interaction
Does music impact gait variables “in the wild”?
Can we prescribe music to improve gait?
Can musi...
Smart Watches
&
ResearchKit
Digital Crown navigation without obstructing view
Force Touch screen senses force, light tap vs. deep press
Taptic Engine ...
Apple watch
• Heart rate sensor – infrared and visible-light LEDs and
photodiodes “looks and acts like a pulse oximeter”
•...
Apple watch: prelim data
Hello Heart app for managing blood pressure
Data of 3,000 users with watch + iphone vs. iphone al...
“More often than not, after testing a smartwatch for
a long period of time, I find I look forward to taking
the thing off ...
Location, location, location (wrist vs. pocket)
Watch to phone handoff
Design, ease of use: new gestures
Behavior change?
...
May 14, 2015
ResearchKit: Researchers
Development platform – open source – for conducting research
Researchers/developers create apps t...
ResearchKit Active Tasks (2015-05-26) http://researchkit.org/docs/docs/ActiveTasks/ActiveTasks.html
ResearchKit: Active Ta...
MyHeart Counts Heart health
Share the Journey Breast cancer
Asthma Health Asthma
GlucoSuccess Diabetes
Parkinson mPower Pa...
ResearchKit: Participants
• Choose studies you want to participate in
• Download app, give e-consent
• Complete surveys or...
ResearchKit: mPower for Parkinson’s
Univ of Rochester, Sage Bionetworks (non-profit)
Understand why people with PD have va...
Screenshots from mPower app captured June, 2015
ResearchKit
BYOD (bring your own device) research
PROS
Clinical trial awareness, accessibility
Gather data on large scale ...
Animals
Global market expected to reach $2.6 billion by 2025
Wearable Technology for Animals 2015-2025:
Technologies, Markets, For...
“Create a profile with your dog's type and feeding schedule, then
attach the lightweight pedometer to its collar. When you...
Cows: beef and dairy production
3-axis accelerometer, magnetometer on collar
track movement, infer feeding behavior, predi...
Wireless Rumen Bolus
Device permanently placed in animals’ rumen (1st part of stomach)
Ruminant animals include cows, buff...
Oysters!
https://twitter.com/DrSarz/status/555250139510480896
OysTag Aquaculture Biosensors Project
Oyster: Heart rate, temp, feeding, water column position, shell gape
Environment: Wa...
Bees: Swarm Sensing
Colony Collapse Disorder
~30% of the world’s crops rely on pollination
Micro-sensors on thousands of h...
Image: www.csiro.au/en/Research/BF/Areas/Protecting-Australias-agricultural-industries/Robot-technology/Swarm-sensing
Animal tracking
Pets
Livestock
Gaming industry
Wild animals
Endangered species
Work animals
Zoo animals
Diagnosis & treatm...
Future
intimate + individual
invisible
integrated + interconnected
immediate + infer future
Disclaimers
The products and tools shown are for illustrative and educational purposes only.
I do not endorse or recommend...
Carol Torgan, Ph.D., FACSM
Kinetics Consulting
carol@caroltorgan.com
Twitter @ctorgan
full list of references and resource...
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The Future of Activity Monitoring: Innovating Beyond Steps, Sleep, and Speed

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What will the future of activity monitoring bring? What are some new and novel applications? Where is there potential for new commercial partnerships and collaborations? In this invited presentation, I explore how we might interact with movement-tracking sensors in the future and consider novel relationships that cross design, data, functionality, experience, and even species.

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The Future of Activity Monitoring: Innovating Beyond Steps, Sleep, and Speed

  1. 1. The Future of Activity Monitoring: Innovating Beyond Steps, Sleep, and Speed Carol Torgan, PhD, FACSM ICAMPAM Limerick, Ireland Summer 2015 caroltorgan.com @ctorgan © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2015
  2. 2. The future of activity monitoring may be very different than what you’re anticipating …
  3. 3. Looking to the future: Arts Smart Watches and ResearchKit Animals
  4. 4. Arts: Movement & Music
  5. 5. www.spotify.com/us/running/ Spotify music streaming service App uses phone accelerometer to detect user’s pace Selects music with matching tempo If pace changes, song changes Musicians creating songs that can adapt to different paces Movement: Music Integration
  6. 6. “A global collaboration harnessing the power of music for health.” Platform to map music characteristics to real-time biometrics Pair tracker data (steps, HR, sleep) and music-streaming choices Track how music might interact with body (better sleep, more focus) http://thesyncproject.com/ Image courtesy of Philippe Put on Flickr Collaborators Scientists Musicians and music companies Device makers Patients and advocacy groups Sync Project
  7. 7. Rhythmic auditory stimulation (RAS) metronome beats to facilitate gait (increase tempo 5-10% above preferred walking cadence) François, C, et al. Front Psychol. 2015; 6: 475 (review), Cha Y et al. J Phys Ther Sci. 2014 Apr;26(4):479-82 Hausdorff JM al et al Eur J Neurosci. 2007 Oct;26(8):2369-75, Arias P et al PLoS One. 2010 Mar 22;5(3):e9675 Music and Gait Parkinson’s: gait speed, stride length, swing time, stride-to-stride variability, Freezing of gait (FOG) Stroke: gait velocity, cadence, symmetry, stride length Image courtesy of Yulya Balaeva on Flickr
  8. 8. tempo :: pace interaction Does music impact gait variables “in the wild”? Can we prescribe music to improve gait? Can music choices predict health issues? Arts
  9. 9. Smart Watches & ResearchKit
  10. 10. Digital Crown navigation without obstructing view Force Touch screen senses force, light tap vs. deep press Taptic Engine “intimate” taps on wrist for alerts or notifications www.apple.com/watch Apple watch
  11. 11. Apple watch • Heart rate sensor – infrared and visible-light LEDs and photodiodes “looks and acts like a pulse oximeter” • 3D accelerometer, 3D gyroscope • Future “according to sources” BP monitoring, sleep tracking, eventually blood glucose tracking www.apple.com/watch/technology/ https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT204666 www.chipworks.com/en/technical-competitive-analysis/resources/blog/inside-the-apple-watch-technical- teardown (image from Chipworks) www.ifixit.com/Teardown/Apple+Watch+Teardown/40655
  12. 12. Apple watch: prelim data Hello Heart app for managing blood pressure Data of 3,000 users with watch + iphone vs. iphone alone 2.5x more people opted into daily reminders to check BP 67% more medical data added (drugs, lab results) (data provided by Hello Heart) www.buzzfeed.com/stephaniemlee/this-heart-health-app-is-seeing-big-usage-on-the-apple-watch#.jlD3V5z49 https://helloheartapp.com/blog/apple-watch-heart-health-stats/ “We’ve heard of people taking their blood pressure in the bath, after gym practice – places they don’t take their phone to.” - Maayan Cohen, co-founder and CEO of Hello Heart, to Buzzfeed
  13. 13. “More often than not, after testing a smartwatch for a long period of time, I find I look forward to taking the thing off my wrist — to not think about charging it, to not wonder if it looks totally dorky, to be free of the buzzes and taps and pings and chimes.” – Lauren Goode, Re/code, June 5, 2015 http://recode.net/2015/06/05/you-dont-need-a-smartwatch-at-least-not-yet/
  14. 14. Location, location, location (wrist vs. pocket) Watch to phone handoff Design, ease of use: new gestures Behavior change? Intimacy, invisibility Status vs. stigma Smart watches
  15. 15. May 14, 2015
  16. 16. ResearchKit: Researchers Development platform – open source – for conducting research Researchers/developers create apps that use smartphone features Customizable modules for consent flows, surveys, active tasks Can use accelerometer, gyroscope, GPS, microphone, camera Can pull in HealthKit data (fitness trackers, Bluetooth BP cuff) Apple requires independent ethics review board approval Steps to ensure data security and privacy www.apple.com/researchkit https://developer.apple.com/healthkit/
  17. 17. ResearchKit Active Tasks (2015-05-26) http://researchkit.org/docs/docs/ActiveTasks/ActiveTasks.html ResearchKit: Active Tasks
  18. 18. MyHeart Counts Heart health Share the Journey Breast cancer Asthma Health Asthma GlucoSuccess Diabetes Parkinson mPower Parkinson’s disease Apps at March 2015 launch www.apple.com/pr/library/2015/03/09Apple-Introduces-ResearchKit-Giving-Medical-Researchers-the- Tools-to-Revolutionize-Medical-Studies.html
  19. 19. ResearchKit: Participants • Choose studies you want to participate in • Download app, give e-consent • Complete surveys or tasks from smartphone • Control what information you provide • No travel required • Partner in the research Image from http://parkinsonmpower.org/
  20. 20. ResearchKit: mPower for Parkinson’s Univ of Rochester, Sage Bionetworks (non-profit) Understand why people with PD have variations in symptoms Surveys, collect and track health & symptoms of PD progression Use phone sensors: dexterity, balance, gait http://parkinsonmpower.org
  21. 21. Screenshots from mPower app captured June, 2015
  22. 22. ResearchKit BYOD (bring your own device) research PROS Clinical trial awareness, accessibility Gather data on large scale Enrolled > 60k people in 5 apps in wks Multiple time points = continuously, hourly, daily (vs. monthly visits) Participants learn how research is done Creation of “data commons” CONS “Informed” e-consent? Subject bias? (must own smartphone) Data accuracy? (device and user) NEXT Integrate DNA data More integration with sensors Photo courtesy of Open-arms on Flickr
  23. 23. Animals
  24. 24. Global market expected to reach $2.6 billion by 2025 Wearable Technology for Animals 2015-2025: Technologies, Markets, Forecasts – IDTechEx www.idtechex.com/research/reports/wearable-technology-for-animals-2015-2025-technologies- markets-forecasts-000391.asp Image: http://wonderwoof.com/ (Bowtie Device) www.ecouterre.com/wearable-tech-market-for-pets-expected-to-reach-2-6-billion-by-2025/ “Time to cash out on your investments in human-focused wearables and invest in ones for the four-legged variety.” – Bridgette Meinhold, Ecouterre Animals
  25. 25. “Create a profile with your dog's type and feeding schedule, then attach the lightweight pedometer to its collar. When you come back from work, you'll be able to see whether he's gotten the exercise he needs, shown as both a step count, and ‘frolicking index’ built from his personalized profile.” http://www.japantrendshop.com/dog-pedometer-from-takara-tomy-p-504.html
  26. 26. Cows: beef and dairy production 3-axis accelerometer, magnetometer on collar track movement, infer feeding behavior, predict when in heat or sick Sense-T Pasture Predictor: weather forecasts, rainfall events, past climate records, real-time soil moisture to forecast pasture growth Help farmers make decisions about when to irrigate, how much fertilizer to use, when and where to move grazing cattle Maximize productivity, efficiency Minimize environmental impact www.sense-t.org.au/projects-and-research/past-projects#Beef
  27. 27. Wireless Rumen Bolus Device permanently placed in animals’ rumen (1st part of stomach) Ruminant animals include cows, buffalo, goats, sheep, camels Detects temp, fertility, location (“prevent cattle rustling”) (video on next page) Wandering Shepherd, http://wanderingshepherd.com/
  28. 28. Oysters! https://twitter.com/DrSarz/status/555250139510480896
  29. 29. OysTag Aquaculture Biosensors Project Oyster: Heart rate, temp, feeding, water column position, shell gape Environment: Water temp, salinity, light level Tagged animals are sentinels for commercial farmed oysters University of Tasmania, CSIRO Integrated Sustainable Aquaculture Production www.csiro.au/en/Research/DPF/Areas/Autonomous-systems/Mapping/Oysters Real time data on how react to environment Predict growth rate, harvest time Minimize environmental impact, energy use Algorithms to predict future
  30. 30. Bees: Swarm Sensing Colony Collapse Disorder ~30% of the world’s crops rely on pollination Micro-sensors on thousands of honey bees in Tasmania RFID sensors record when insects pass checkpoints 3-D imaging of how insects move through landscape Behavior change = environmental change > look for cause May use on fruit flies, mosquitoes www.csiro.au/en/Research/BF/Areas/Protecting-Australias-agricultural-industries/Robot- technology/Swarm-sensing (image) www.vale.com/EN/aboutvale/news/Pages/projeto-itv-monitora-abelhas-microssensores-concorre- premio-australia.aspx
  31. 31. Image: www.csiro.au/en/Research/BF/Areas/Protecting-Australias-agricultural-industries/Robot-technology/Swarm-sensing
  32. 32. Animal tracking Pets Livestock Gaming industry Wild animals Endangered species Work animals Zoo animals Diagnosis & treatment, location/migration, training, disease transmission, breeding, food production Organism : Environment Interactions IoT Incorporation
  33. 33. Future intimate + individual invisible integrated + interconnected immediate + infer future
  34. 34. Disclaimers The products and tools shown are for illustrative and educational purposes only. I do not endorse or recommend any commercial products, processes, or services. This presentation is based on an invited talk given at the International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM) www.ismpb.org/2015-limerick © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2015
  35. 35. Carol Torgan, Ph.D., FACSM Kinetics Consulting carol@caroltorgan.com Twitter @ctorgan full list of references and resources: caroltorgan.com/activity-monitoring-future wearable tech board: http://pinterest.com/caroltpin/

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