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Quantified Self
is evolving to
Quantified Earth
Wearable Tech for all Creatures Great and Small
Carol Torgan, Ph.D.
Photo ...
We already know that tracking has
gone to the dogs …
© Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
Images L to R, Top: Fujitsu Wandant, Fitbark, Whistle. Bottom: Tractive GPS, Pettag+ PAHW, WonderWoof.
© Carol Torgan, Ph....
But that’s just the beginning
© Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
Consider the potential size
of the non-human
wearable tech market …
© Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
∼7.77 million species
of animals on Earth predicted
Mora, C., et al. How many species are there on earth and in the ocean?...
Wearable tech market niches:
pets
livestock
wild animals
competitive animals
endangered species
work animals
zoo animals
a...
“Time to cash out on your investments
in human-focused wearables
and invest in ones
for the four-legged variety.”
– Bridge...
“… a golden age of
animal tracking science
has begun …”
–Roland Kays, et al.
Science, 12 June 2015, 248 (6240)
http://scie...
A few examples …
© Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
Food production
Image courtesy of
pascalk on Flickr
Dairy & beef production : Cows
Image courtesy of www.scrdairy.com/cow-intelligence/cow-intelligence-overview.html
Collar s...
Track rainfall, soil moisture + cow movement
Guide decisions about when to irrigate
when and where to move grazing cattle
...
Sensor for cattle, bison, goats, sheep, camels
and other ruminant mammals
Place in rumen (1 of 4 stomach compartments)
Wir...
Aquaculture
photo courtesy Justin Marx on Flickr
Aquaculture : Oyster tracking
Track heart rate, feeding, water column position, shell gape
Environment tracking: Water tem...
https://twitter.com/DrSarz/status/555250139510480896
Safety
Acoustic tags implanted in stomachs
Detect real time location via satellites
Send automated alerts when sharks near beache...
Elite athletic
performance
Photo courtesy of lunzygras on Flickr
Elite athletic performance : Horses
Gait analysis
3-axis accelerometer
3-axis gyrometer
3-axis magnetometer
GPS
Photo cour...
Athletic performance
Equisense tracker, http://equisense.com/en/
Measures
speed
cadence
elevation
stride length
jump traje...
Sleep
Photo courtesy of Thowra_uk on Flickr
Understanding sleep : Sloths
Track
EEG
location
Determine
sleep amount
sleep types (REM)
predator risk vs. patterns
diet e...
Food availability
Photo courtesy of Peterkbza on Flickr
Food availability : Adélie penguins
Measures
Animals: GPS, video camera
3-D accelerometers on back, head
(Difference betwe...
Crop pollination
Image from CSIRO, Australia
Image and info:
www.csiro.au/en/Research/BF/Areas/Protecting-Australias-agricultural-industries/Robot-technology/Swarm-sen...
In the future
wearable tech will
track movement and behavior
of animals moving
across the globe
© Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
Micro:
causes of movement patterns in an animal
Macro:
consequences of movement patterns in groups
© Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2...
Wearable tech in animals
will play an essential role in:
food supply
public safety
conservation
companionship
understandin...
Quantified Self is evolving to Quantified Earth
Wearable tech will be on all creatures great and small
Photo courtesy of C...
This presentation expands on part of an invited talk given at the
International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring
of Phy...
Thank you for viewing!
What movement pattern across our planet
would you monitor?
Why? How?
Carol Torgan, PhD, FACSM
Kinet...
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Quantified Earth: Animal Wearable Tech

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Wearable tech for animals is becoming big business. A look at market niches, examples, and what the future will bring. Quantified self is evolving to Quantified Earth.
What movement patterns across our planet would you monitor? Why and how?
A list of references and resources is available at http://caroltorgan.com/animals-wearable-tech-quantified-earth/

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Quantified Earth: Animal Wearable Tech

  1. 1. Quantified Self is evolving to Quantified Earth Wearable Tech for all Creatures Great and Small Carol Torgan, Ph.D. Photo courtesy of Chris Jupin on Flickr © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  2. 2. We already know that tracking has gone to the dogs … © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  3. 3. Images L to R, Top: Fujitsu Wandant, Fitbark, Whistle. Bottom: Tractive GPS, Pettag+ PAHW, WonderWoof. © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  4. 4. But that’s just the beginning © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  5. 5. Consider the potential size of the non-human wearable tech market … © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  6. 6. ∼7.77 million species of animals on Earth predicted Mora, C., et al. How many species are there on earth and in the ocean? PLoS Biol. 9, e1001127 (2011). © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  7. 7. Wearable tech market niches: pets livestock wild animals competitive animals endangered species work animals zoo animals and so on © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  8. 8. “Time to cash out on your investments in human-focused wearables and invest in ones for the four-legged variety.” – Bridgette Meinhold, Ecouterre www.ecouterre.com/wearable-tech-market-for-pets-expected-to-reach-2-6-billion-by-2025/
  9. 9. “… a golden age of animal tracking science has begun …” –Roland Kays, et al. Science, 12 June 2015, 248 (6240) http://science.sciencemag.org/content/348/6240/aaa2478
  10. 10. A few examples … © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  11. 11. Food production Image courtesy of pascalk on Flickr
  12. 12. Dairy & beef production : Cows Image courtesy of www.scrdairy.com/cow-intelligence/cow-intelligence-overview.html Collar sensor 3-axis accelerometer magnetometer Predict when in heat when lame when sick feeding behavior © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  13. 13. Track rainfall, soil moisture + cow movement Guide decisions about when to irrigate when and where to move grazing cattle Sense-T Pasture Predictor: www.sense-t.org.au/projects-and-research/past-projects#Beef Cow tracking + Environment tracking © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  14. 14. Sensor for cattle, bison, goats, sheep, camels and other ruminant mammals Place in rumen (1 of 4 stomach compartments) Wireless, invisible Lifetime placement Stays upright Track location Monitor health Recover stolen animals Ruminant breeds : Internal sensor Image: Wireless Rumen Bolus (WRB) From Neil Helfrich, Wandering Shepherd, http://wrb.farm/ © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  15. 15. Aquaculture photo courtesy Justin Marx on Flickr
  16. 16. Aquaculture : Oyster tracking Track heart rate, feeding, water column position, shell gape Environment tracking: Water temp, salinity, light level University of Tasmania and CSIRO http://www.csiro.au/en/Research/D61/Areas/Robotics-and-autonomous-systems/Sensing-and- mapping-our-environment/Biosensors-discovering-the-secret-life-of-oysters Use tagged animals as sentinels for commercial farmed oysters Predict harvest time Minimize environmental impact © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  17. 17. https://twitter.com/DrSarz/status/555250139510480896
  18. 18. Safety
  19. 19. Acoustic tags implanted in stomachs Detect real time location via satellites Send automated alerts when sharks near beaches https://twitter.com/slswa http://surflifesavingwa.com.au www.fish.wa.gov.au/About-Us/Media-releases/Pages/_archive/Milestone-for-WA-shark-alert-system.aspx Safety alerts : Sharks © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  20. 20. Elite athletic performance Photo courtesy of lunzygras on Flickr
  21. 21. Elite athletic performance : Horses Gait analysis 3-axis accelerometer 3-axis gyrometer 3-axis magnetometer GPS Photo courtesy of Gordon Dionne on Flickr Tracker: http://equisense.com/en/ © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  22. 22. Athletic performance Equisense tracker, http://equisense.com/en/ Measures speed cadence elevation stride length jump trajectory symmetry path Performance jumping eventing dressage endurance © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  23. 23. Sleep Photo courtesy of Thowra_uk on Flickr
  24. 24. Understanding sleep : Sloths Track EEG location Determine sleep amount sleep types (REM) predator risk vs. patterns diet effects Image and info: Ecology and neurophysiology of sleep in two wild sloth species, B. Voirin et al, Sleep. 2014 Apr 1; 37(4). © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  25. 25. Food availability Photo courtesy of Peterkbza on Flickr
  26. 26. Food availability : Adélie penguins Measures Animals: GPS, video camera 3-D accelerometers on back, head (Difference between head and body accelerations = feeding) Environment: depth, temperature Look at spatial, temporal patterns Yuuki, Y. et al, Testing optimal foraging theory in a penguin–krill system. Proc. The Royal Society B, 29 Jan 2014. Image: National Institute of Polar Research © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016 Track behaviors of penguins in Antarctic as dive Understand how animals search for and find food
  27. 27. Crop pollination Image from CSIRO, Australia
  28. 28. Image and info: www.csiro.au/en/Research/BF/Areas/Protecting-Australias-agricultural-industries/Robot-technology/Swarm-sensing Swarm sensing Micro-sensors on thousands of honey bees RFID sensors record when insects pass checkpoints Monitor movements, schedule Behavior change = environmental change Crop pollination : Bees
  29. 29. In the future wearable tech will track movement and behavior of animals moving across the globe © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  30. 30. Micro: causes of movement patterns in an animal Macro: consequences of movement patterns in groups © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  31. 31. Wearable tech in animals will play an essential role in: food supply public safety conservation companionship understanding physiology anticipating natural disasters predicting disease outbreaks © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016
  32. 32. Quantified Self is evolving to Quantified Earth Wearable tech will be on all creatures great and small Photo courtesy of Chris Jupin on Flickr
  33. 33. This presentation expands on part of an invited talk given at the International Conference on Ambulatory Monitoring of Physical Activity and Movement (ICAMPAM) www.ismpb.org/2015-limerick © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016 Disclaimers The products and tools shown are for illustrative and educational purposes only. I do not endorse or recommend any commercial products, processes, or services.
  34. 34. Thank you for viewing! What movement pattern across our planet would you monitor? Why? How? Carol Torgan, PhD, FACSM Kinetics Consulting http://caroltorgan.com Twitter @ctorgan Full list of references and resources: http://caroltorgan.com/animals-wearable-tech-quantified-earth Wearable Tech board: http://pinterest.com/caroltpin/ © Carol Torgan, Ph.D. 2016

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