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Open Education V2


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Presentation by Shimelis Assefa for CTL2010: Education and the New Media

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
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Open Education V2

  1. 1. Open Education: What, Why, How? Shimelis Assefa sassefa(at)
  2. 2. Open/Openness? <ul><li>Open access to research data </li></ul><ul><li>Open scholarly communications </li></ul><ul><li>Open access to, and open derivative use of, content </li></ul><ul><li>- Educause Quarterly, 32(1), 2009 </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>In the beginning – there was – Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Stallman started the GNU project in 1983/4 </li></ul>How did we get here?
  4. 4. <ul><li>On August 25, 1991, Linus Torvalds posted this famous message to a newsgroup: </li></ul><ul><li>Hello everybody out there using minix - I'm doing a (free) operating system (just a hobby, won't be big and professional like gnu) for 386(486) AT clones. … </li></ul><ul><li>I'd like any feedback on things people like/dislike in minix…. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The result is – Linux OS in 2008 – 60% of web servers ran Linux
  6. 6. <ul><li>Do you know: </li></ul><ul><li>At present, it's estimated that only 2% of Linux code today was written by Linus Torvalds himself, although he still &quot;owns&quot; the Linux kernel. </li></ul><ul><li>What does this mean? </li></ul>
  7. 7. So, what is Open Education?
  8. 8. <ul><li>A collective effort to improve education </li></ul><ul><li>through: </li></ul><ul><li>Open Technology, </li></ul><ul><li>Open Content, and </li></ul><ul><li>Open Knowledge </li></ul>- Opening up Education, MIT Press (2008)
  9. 9. <ul><li>A key tenet of open education is that education can be improved by making educational assets visible and accessible and by harnessing the collective wisdom of a community of practice and reflection. </li></ul><ul><li>- From Opening up Education, MIT Press (2008) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Modern Biology Course From OpenLearniningInitative, CMU
  11. 11. <ul><li>PhET </li></ul><ul><li>Physics Education Technology from UC Boulder </li></ul>
  12. 12. Why Open Up? <ul><li>The focus is not so much on what we learn but on how we learn. </li></ul><ul><li>How we learn and how we teach has changed. </li></ul><ul><li>Reinforce learning outside of formal schooling. </li></ul><ul><li>Expand the Learningscape. </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>By analogy with Open Source, Open Access to the research literature entails the freedom to read, use and redistribute the published results of scholarly research and derivative works based on those publications. </li></ul>What?
  14. 15. Open access to more than half a million E-prints
  15. 16. Committed to make the world's scientific and medical literature a public resource.
  16. 18. <ul><li>E-scholarship, </li></ul><ul><li>E-Research, </li></ul><ul><li>E-Publishing. </li></ul>This resulted in…
  17. 19. <ul><li>Impact </li></ul><ul><li>Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Immediacy </li></ul><ul><li>Visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Prestige </li></ul><ul><li>Time-stamp to establish priority over other researchers working on the same problem. </li></ul>Why Open Access?
  18. 20. In 2009, submission to fast-track review and on-line publication in 7 days!!!
  19. 21. Compare PLOS Biology and Nature or any other prestigious biological journal by going to the following site – to see ranking and article influence.
  20. 22. How ? <ul><li>Institutional Infrastructure – Open Technology, Policy, … </li></ul><ul><li>The consent of the author or copyright-holder </li></ul><ul><li>The shift from </li></ul><ul><li>“ All rights reserved” </li></ul><ul><li>to </li></ul><ul><li>“ Some rights reserved” </li></ul>
  21. 23. How ?...
  22. 24. Watch the following one minute video to learn Why a Physician Scientist thinks Open Access is important
  23. 25. <ul><li>Any Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You!! </li></ul>