Open data: prospects for industrial development


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This talk reviews the foundations of Open Data and provides insight into the implementation and economic benefits by reviewing existing initiatives and lessons learned, as well as emerging models.

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Open data: prospects for industrial development

  1. 1. Open data: prospects for industrial development José M. Alonso CTIC (Spain)
  2. 2. CTIC, Spain <ul><li>Technology and R&D&i centre </li></ul><ul><li>CTIC is located in the City of Gijon, Region of Asturias, North Coast of Spain in the City of Gijon. </li></ul><ul><li>Highly concentrated Innovation setting in the “ Mile of Knowledge ” </li></ul><ul><li>Gijon is a highly innovative City with a very highly qualified work force. </li></ul><ul><li>Important technology partnerships (W3C, World Wide Web Foundation…) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Open (Government) Data <ul><li>Data sets or information sets produced or commissioned by government or government controlled entities. </li></ul><ul><li>Can be freely used, reused and redistributed by anyone </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Making it available in open formats, reusable by third parties, that can be understood by machines and people. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Creating “ a great cloud ” of interconnected public data in such a way that the data of different administrations may be mixed and understood by the administrations themselves as well as by other private third parties. </li></ul><ul><li>This will generate economic activity and a multitude of innovative services, saving public money and with a high return on investment, and increased transparency, accountability and democratization of public data. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Open Data: find, gather, release Government Data
  5. 5. Open Data World Map
  6. 6. Example: bicycle accidents in the UK <ul><li>Government has records on where, when </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative applications from civil society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mapping = reusing the data in a meaningful way to people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Routes = the safest paths for cyclers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>See Sir Tim Berners-Lee video: “ The  year open data went  worldwide ” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Example: where should I locate my EMEA office?
  8. 8. Example: Peer to Patent http:// /
  9. 9. The ecosystem: importance of context Economical and Business Macroeconomic Stability Financial Markets Markets for Goods and Services Business Environment Social Demographics Labour Market Quality of Life Education and Literacy Open Access Legal Basis Awareness and Support Data and Interoperability Agents Institutional and Political Governance and Democracy Transparency and Corruption Cooperation Infrastructures and Sci-Tech Innovation ICT Usage Infrastructures
  10. 10. Implementation benefits <ul><li>Quicker release by government agencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Less need of centralization and coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unexpected reuse of data for innovative services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ the best thing to do with your data will be thought of by someone else ” -- Rufus Pollock (OKF) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More relevant to people and organizations </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Example: Haiti maps
  12. 12. Economic potential <ul><li>European market size ( Measuring Public Sector Information Resources, 2006 ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse of data worth between 26 and 47 Billion € / year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UK (2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6 Billion GBP… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… and bad use may cost up to 50 Billion (Capgemini, 2008) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>France (2011) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1.6 Billion € </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Applications developed free of cost to the government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apps for Democracy (US) 4000+% return on investment: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$50K spent for organizing application context </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>$2.3M equivalent of applications developed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Economic benefits <ul><li>Businesses access valuable information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Possibilities of new business models </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Innovation, modernization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public application of emerging technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Citizens more empowered with knowledge, services </li></ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy is simplified and reduced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved intergovernmental coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cost savings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(e.g. avoid duplicity of information) </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Paradigm shift Data Data Plan B Plan A Gov Entepreneurs ------------------ Businesses Services ------------------ Applications Private Funding USERS USERS Taxes Taxes Gov
  15. 15. Emerging business models <ul><li>Subsidized </li></ul><ul><li>Subscription-based </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation </li></ul><ul><li>Certification </li></ul><ul><li>Web traffic increase </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiation (by added-value) </li></ul><ul><li>Selling Apps </li></ul><ul><li>( as proposed by J. Luis Marín ) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Findings of feasibility study in Ghana (1/3) <ul><li>Executive level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Culture of secrecy inherited from the stages previous to democracy, but political will to make information transparently available to citizens. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First democratically elected government that has RTI Act in its manifesto. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remove barriers related to exceptions provided by law and make the system of information sharing transparent. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government ’ s willingness to adopt an Open Data initiative at the agency level is present. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The President of Ghana is the prime mover behind enacting RTI . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Findings of feasibility study in Ghana (2/3) <ul><li>Public Administrative level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government departments and agencies are interested in creating Open Data initiatives extending to the middle layer of public administration. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>National IT Agency (NITA) and Ministry of Communications understand the potential of such initiatives. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Budgetary and leadership support to key institutions. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a common methodology for Open Data. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Select and adopt open standard formats for data to facilitate re-use. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improve the capacity of public servants so that they themselves become active consumers of information, thus enabling intra agency sharing of data. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Findings of feasibility study in Ghana (3/3) <ul><li>Civil Society level </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Media and the civil society has played a prominent role in ensuring that RTI Act enshrines free availability of information. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There is already a movement towards re-use of information driven by organisations like population council as well as universities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to increase awareness of re-use initiatives promoted by civil society. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leverage existing related initiatives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Improve technical awareness and provide training. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist civil society in providing technical training. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Summary <ul><li>Open Data: Cost‐effective tool for governments to improve service to citizens, civil society and businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Start now. Start simply. </li></ul><ul><li>Start at 3 levels </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ it has to happen at the top, it has to happen at the middle and it has to happen at the bottom. ” Sir Tim Berners‐Lee </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We are here to help </li></ul>
  20. 20. Thank you! <ul><li>Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>@josemalonso </li></ul></ul>