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EGI ENGAGE Fishery & Marine Legal Interoperability

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Agroknow presentation of the current analysis of the legal interoperability in the fishery and marine sciences domain. The presentation was made in the EGI ENGAGE workshop, organised by the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department.

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EGI ENGAGE Fishery & Marine Legal Interoperability

  1. 1. www.egi.eu Agroknow Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Vassilis Protonotarios & Babis Thanopoulos
  2. 2. 23/17/2016 • Who we are • FAO Data Sharing Policy • The case of FAO AGRIS data licensing • Developing the legal interoperability of data sharing within the fishery and marine sciences What you are going to see
  3. 3. 33/17/2016 Who we are Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  4. 4. 43/17/2016 We find, connect and deliver agriculture & food information worldwide Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape (for the last 8 years)
  5. 5. 53/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape We have worked or currently working with all the major institutions
  6. 6. 63/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape We work at each project separately, focusing on the needs and at the Vision that the institution wants to express. Each project for us is a commitment that serves people. Meet the experts But how we do that?
  7. 7. 73/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape We are a team of experts, flexible, intuitional that delivers Expert in strategy design Expert in data and technology solutions Expert in customer needs identification and analysis The Strategist The Doer The Perfectionist Nikos Manouselis Giannis Stoitsis Babis Thanopoulos but its not only the 3 of us
  8. 8. 83/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape team of experts in requirements modeling, technologies, open and linked data and project coordination
  9. 9. 93/17/2016 What we are doing Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  10. 10. 103/17/2016 Case 1: FAO AGRIS Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  11. 11. 113/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Supporting a large network of data providers: the case of FAO AGRIS • >180 organizations • a data customer workflow and front end • use of CRM for the network management • interoperable and open architecture
  12. 12. 123/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Supporting a large network of data providers: the case of FAO AGRIS
  13. 13. 133/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Supporting a large network of data providers: the case of FAO AGRIS
  14. 14. 143/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape An open and interoperable architecture for the agricultural research global atlas: the case of AGINFRA
  15. 15. 153/17/2016 Case 2: Land Portal Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  16. 16. 163/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Building an information source for land topics: The case of Land Library
  17. 17. 173/17/2016 Case 3: CGIAR ICARDA Data Management Plan Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  18. 18. 183/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Development of the Open Access & Data Management Plan in alignment with the CGIAR Open Access Policy Mandate
  19. 19. 193/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Development of the Open Access & Data Management Plan in alignment with the CGIAR Open Access Policy Mandate • Openness • Suitable repositories • Interoperability • Data storage and preservation for future use • Copyright and open licenses
  20. 20. 203/17/2016 Case 4: TAPipedia platform (Tropical Agriculture Platform) Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  21. 21. 213/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Building a capacity building knowledge hub for a G20 initiative: The case of Tropical Agricultural Platform
  22. 22. 223/17/2016 FAO Data Sharing Policy Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  23. 23. 233/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape MODIFY/ADAPT REUSE COST
  24. 24. 243/17/2016 The issues? 1. Hard to read the fine print / legal terms used 2. Lack of use of existing standard licensing schemes 3. Not machine-readable 4. Many FAO data sources point to this page but licensing may need refinement for various types of data – Metadata, actual data, KOS, multimedia files Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  25. 25. 253/17/2016 The Creative Commons example • Legal Code - Each license begins as a traditional legal tool, in the kind of language and text formats that most lawyers know and love. This is the actual license, which is a detailed legal document. • Commons Deed - This is a handy reference that summarizes and expresses some of the most important terms and conditions. Think of the Commons Deed as a user-friendly interface to the Legal Code beneath, although the Deed itself is not a license, and its contents are not part of the Legal Code itself. • Machine-readable version - The final layer of the license design is a “machine-readable” version of the license - a summary of the key freedoms and obligations written into a format that software systems, search engines, and other kinds of technology can understand. Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  26. 26. 263/17/2016 Translating FAO’s license to Creative Commons Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  27. 27. 273/17/2016 Example from the agricultural domain: The case of the FAO AGRIS metadata licensing Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  28. 28. 283/17/2016 FAO AGRIS Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape >8M bibliographic records >180 institutions > 65 countries
  29. 29. 293/17/2016 Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Terms of use of the FAO AGRIS content
  30. 30. 303/17/2016 Using Creative Commons for FAO AGRIS Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  31. 31. 313/17/2016 Including all dimensions • Provision of various types of data shared – Personal information – Institutional information – Collection information – Cookies – Other? • To be covered in the updated FAO AGRIS data policy (version 2 - in 2016) Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  32. 32. 323/17/2016 Licensing of sharing and reusing data in fishery and marine sciences Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  33. 33. 333/17/2016 Issues identified • Hard to find data policies / licensing • Data Policy / licensing not available • High heterogeneity of existing licenses – Important issue for legal interoperability • Licensing not included in metadata – Licensing information is lost during (metadata) interoperability Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  34. 34. 343/17/2016 Licensing used in the marine & fishery context Copyright & other Restrictions Cuses of this resource allowed? (Y/N) Modifications of your work of this resource allowed? (Y/N/share alike) Cost (Y/N) IODE N N Y N NOAA / NCEI Centers N To be defined To be defined N SeaDataNet N To be defined To be defined N OBIS N Depends Y N MGDS N Depends ShareAlike N MEDIN Depends Depends Depends Depends ICES Y N N N AIMS N Y N N GBIF N Depends Y N ASFIS (FAO) N N Y N Eurostat Depends Depends Y N Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  35. 35. 353/17/2016 Multiple dimensions of legal interoperability Data ownership (data producers) • Do data producers maintain ownership? • Will data producers be credited? • Is data properly licensed? • Are data producers properly informed? Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape Data access (data users) • Is access to data open (or registration needed)? • Is access to data free? • Is there provision for technical interoperability? • Is there provision for legal interoperability Data use (data consumers) • Are modifications allowed? – Translations – Summaries – Application of text mining • Are commercial uses allowed? • Is ShareAlike a requirement?
  36. 36. 363/17/2016 Initial steps on the legal interoperability of data sharing within the fishery and marine sciences Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  37. 37. 373/17/2016 Use of standards • 6 out of 13 data marine/fisheries data sources examined adopted CC licenses • Copyrighted material exists in several cases • Licensing is not always available • Licensing is not always clear / optimum Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  38. 38. 383/17/2016 Recommendations / next steps (1/2) • Use of existing licensing standards needs to be considered and adapted by data providers • Existing licensing schemas to be mapped to such standards • Machine readable formats expected to increase reuse and value of data – Openly licensed data get more credits by researchers • Various types of stakeholders need to be consulted – Researchers, legal experts, domain experts, repository managers, etc.) Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  39. 39. 393/17/2016 Recommendations / next steps (2/2) • Creative Commons is not the only way to go (but looks like a great one) • The UNESCO/IOC Oceanographic Data Exchange Policy has the potential to be adapted globally (www.iode.org/policy) • Data providers need to be educated on the importance of licensing (and open data) Broader Legal Interoperability Landscape
  40. 40. www.egi.eu Thank you for your attention. Questions?

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