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Chista's presentation nervous system


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Chista's presentation nervous system

  1. 1. Nervous system Chapter 12 Chista Tatar Professor Abdullah
  2. 2. -Plegia (PLEE-jee-ah) —  Suffix meaning paralysis or a stroke —  From the Greek plege meaning a blow or stroke. —  cardioplegia (paralysis of the heart) —  hemiplegia (paralysis of one side of the body —  quadriplegia (paralysis of all four extremities) —  paraplegia (paralysis of the legs)
  3. 3. Hemiplegia —  Hemiplegia: Paralysis of one side of the body. —  From hemi- (half) + plege (a blow, stroke). —  Total paralysis of the arm, leg, and trunk on the same side of the body. —  may be congenital or acquired from an illness or stroke.
  4. 4. Hemiplegia continued —  Hemiplegia is a common medical disorder. —  In elderly individuals, strokes are the most common cause of hemiplegia. —  In children, the majority of cases of hemiplegia have no identifiable cause and occur with a frequency of about one in every thousand births. —  Majority of cases of hemiplegia that occur up to the age of two should be considered to be cerebral palsy until proven otherwise.
  5. 5. Hemiplegia Causes —  Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) —  Thrombosis, Embolism or hemorrhage —  Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) —  Migraine syndrome —  Head Trauma —  Brain Contusion —  Subdural Hematoma —  Epidural hematoma
  6. 6. Hemiplegia Causes 2 —  Todd's Paralysis —  Diabetes Mellitus —  Brain Tumor (Primary or metastatic disease) —  Infection —  Brain abscess —  Encephalitis —  Subdural empyema —  Meningitis
  7. 7. Hemiplegia Causes 3 —  Nonketotic hyperosmolar coma —  Vasculitis —  Demyelinating disease —  Multiple Sclerosis —  Acute necrotizing myelitis —  Hereditary disease —  Leukodystrophies —  Congenital or perinatal injury
  8. 8. Treatment — Drugs — Surgery — Rehabilitation
  9. 9. -algesia (al-JEE-zee-ah) —   from the Greek word algesis, the sensitivity to pain. —   Analgesics, most commonly known as painkillers, are used to reduce the feeling of pain. —  The term is sometimes used to refer to hyperalgesia (an extreme sensitivity).
  10. 10. Analgesia — The absence of the sense of pain while remaining conscious.
  11. 11. Analgesics —  Analgesic drugs act in various ways on the peripheral and central nervous systems; they include paracetamol (para- acetylaminophenol, also known in the US as acetaminophen), the  non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as the salicylates, and opioid drugs such as morphine and opium. They are distinct from anesthetics, which reversibly eliminate sensation.
  12. 12. Popular Analgesics — Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) — Tylenol (Acetaminophen) — Aleve (naproxen) — Advil (Ibuprofen)
  13. 13. Bibliography —  World Health Organization — —  Webster’s Dictionary