Capacity Development to Strengthen Agriculture Innovation for Small Holders Xiangjun Yao, Director, Office of Knowledge Ex...
Reduction of people suffering from hunger through access to safe & nutritious foods –  Food Security Elimination of povert...
Research and Extension
Agriculture & Rural Development Challenges  <ul><li>Nearly a billion hungry today </li></ul><ul><li>Price shocks of 2006 –...
Agriculture & Rural Development Challenges (contd.) <ul><li>Global growth of human population and ...  </li></ul><ul><li>I...
Harnessing the Opportunities <ul><li>Recent aid trends have  begun to reverse, evidenced by the L’Aquila G8 Meeting in Jul...
Capacity Development to Strengthen Agriculture Innovation for Small Holders  Challenges & Opportunities at three dimension...
Enabling Environment level <ul><li>Highly centralized and supply driven extension models </li></ul><ul><li>Conversely mult...
Enabling Environment level (contd.) <ul><li>Too many project or outside funding-driven extension models  </li></ul><ul><li...
Organizational level <ul><li>Move beyond agriculture production focus only to food security, rural incomes and livelihoods...
Organizational level (contd) <ul><li>Reach more rural women  </li></ul><ul><li>Using knowledge management strategies so IC...
Individual level <ul><li>Urgent need to prepare new generation of rural advisors & their leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Upstrea...
Overall Investments <ul><li>GFRAS is an investment for all; we should support advocacy, networking, and skills building fo...
The Time is Right <ul><li>New interest & investments in agriculture development & extension </li></ul><ul><li>Rich experie...
Conclusion <ul><li>Developing the capacities of rural advisory services at enabling environment, organizational, and indiv...
<ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>Xiangjun Yao, </li></ul><ul><li>Director OEK of FAO </li></ul>
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Innovations in Extension and Advisory Services: Mobilising Women Farmers and Making a Difference to Food and Livelihoods

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  • . I began with FAO just XXX months ago, having previously XXXXXXXXXXXXX. As a researcher and research and development manager and director I have seen particular close at hand the possible impact that innovation can have when producers, Extensionists, researchers, and other actors in the innovation system are working together well. I have also seen opportunities missed, ineffective research, under supported Extensionists, and low impacts when the agriculture innovation system is not functioning well.
  • Underpinned by a series of principles on improved aid effectiveness, inspired by the Paris Declaration and the Accra Agenda for Action three levels of capacity development are the focus of strengthening extension
  • Innovations in Extension and Advisory Services: Mobilising Women Farmers and Making a Difference to Food and Livelihoods

    1. 1. Capacity Development to Strengthen Agriculture Innovation for Small Holders Xiangjun Yao, Director, Office of Knowledge Exchange, Research, and Extension Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations (FAO) http:// www.fao.org/oek/en
    2. 2. Reduction of people suffering from hunger through access to safe & nutritious foods – Food Security Elimination of poverty & social progress through increased food production, rural development, & sustainable livelihoods – Economic Development Sustainable management of natural resources – Natural Resource Management FAO global goals
    3. 3. Research and Extension
    4. 4. Agriculture & Rural Development Challenges <ul><li>Nearly a billion hungry today </li></ul><ul><li>Price shocks of 2006 – 2008 demonstrated how fragile food security can be - undernourished rose by 8 percent in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Population expected to reach 9.1 billion by 2050 </li></ul><ul><li>70 percent increase in food production to feed the world </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of increase in demand from developing regions </li></ul>
    5. 5. Agriculture & Rural Development Challenges (contd.) <ul><li>Global growth of human population and ... </li></ul><ul><li>Increased urbanization, per capita food consumption increases & shifts to animal-based diets </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change impacts & increased frequency of weather shocks on food security </li></ul><ul><li>Since the mid-1980’s, however, aid to agriculture has fallen by 43 percent </li></ul><ul><li>Rural extension and advisory services suffered in particular with decreasing support </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable increase of food production will be critical for </li></ul><ul><li>meeting the global demand </li></ul>
    6. 6. Harnessing the Opportunities <ul><li>Recent aid trends have begun to reverse, evidenced by the L’Aquila G8 Meeting in July 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>High-Level Expert Forum on “ How to Feed the World in 2050 ”, concluded the planet can feed itself provided that the decisions made are honoured and the required resources are effectively mobilized. </li></ul><ul><li>Extension has not remained immobile over the past 20 years, but has experimented and had successes </li></ul>
    7. 7. Capacity Development to Strengthen Agriculture Innovation for Small Holders Challenges & Opportunities at three dimensions <ul><li>Enabling Environments </li></ul><ul><li>Organizational </li></ul><ul><li>Individual </li></ul>
    8. 8. Enabling Environment level <ul><li>Highly centralized and supply driven extension models </li></ul><ul><li>Conversely multiple and wildly disconnected extension models </li></ul><ul><li>Weak articulation with other actors in the value chain or within the agriculture innovation system </li></ul>
    9. 9. Enabling Environment level (contd.) <ul><li>Too many project or outside funding-driven extension models </li></ul><ul><li>Need to develop the best fit, financially sustainable model </li></ul><ul><li>Based on small holder demands, authentic national policy development and planning and support (with a receptive ear to innovations from others) will be beneficial </li></ul>
    10. 10. Organizational level <ul><li>Move beyond agriculture production focus only to food security, rural incomes and livelihoods, and sustainable natural resource management </li></ul><ul><li>Greater focus on extension as facilitators of innovation and supporters of rural innovation processes is needed </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening of small holders’ organizations so that they can more effectively demand, partner with, and implement their vision of extension </li></ul>
    11. 11. Organizational level (contd) <ul><li>Reach more rural women </li></ul><ul><li>Using knowledge management strategies so ICTs can help to improve human and institutional capacities </li></ul><ul><li>More policy analysis and evidence-based research on rural advisory services </li></ul>
    12. 12. Individual level <ul><li>Urgent need to prepare new generation of rural advisors & their leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Upstream curriculum and university preparation of extensionists needed </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation brokerage needs new skills in communication for development, marketing, social change processes & technical competence </li></ul><ul><li>Training only one modality to increase skills </li></ul>
    13. 13. Overall Investments <ul><li>GFRAS is an investment for all; we should support advocacy, networking, and skills building for strengthened extension </li></ul><ul><li>Increase investments to 1 – 2 % of Ag GDP or more nuanced figures like those recently developed by FAO for country level extension investment needs </li></ul><ul><li>Overall, Maputo level declaration levels of 10% for agriculture development, including rural advisory services </li></ul>
    14. 14. The Time is Right <ul><li>New interest & investments in agriculture development & extension </li></ul><ul><li>Rich experience over past 20 years </li></ul><ul><li>National, regional, and global networking increasing </li></ul><ul><li>We can feed ourselves for the future provided </li></ul><ul><li>that the decisions made are honoured and </li></ul><ul><li>the required resources are </li></ul><ul><li>effectively mobilized </li></ul>
    15. 15. Conclusion <ul><li>Developing the capacities of rural advisory services at enabling environment, organizational, and individual levels </li></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>Xiangjun Yao, </li></ul><ul><li>Director OEK of FAO </li></ul>

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