Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
The Spread of System of Rice Intensification in the Above Farmer's Level Network In Andhra Pradesh, India Soutrik Basu*, C...
Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Support Network </li></ul><ul><li>SRI </li></ul><ul><li>Research Question ...
Introduction <ul><li>Diffusion of innovation is often understood by measuring (dis)adoption dynamics among farmers </li></...
Support Network <ul><li>Support network refers to the linkages and coalition between different aspects of the innovation  ...
What is SRI? <ul><li>SRI was developed in Madagascar </li></ul><ul><li>Less input and more output than conventional cultiv...
SRI: Salient features <ul><li>Research and extension of  SRI  in 40 countries </li></ul><ul><li>A substantial number of pe...
SRI related research <ul><li>SRI and increasing factor productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Critical assessment of SRI  (Dobberm...
Research Question <ul><li>No research has been done on the adoption of SRI at above-farmers level network </li></ul><ul><l...
Methodology <ul><li>Life- History analysis of SRI in AP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewing existing literature from journals,...
Results  <ul><li>Chronology of SRI roadmap (1999-2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of actors, institutions, events wi...
Patterns observed from the life history <ul><li>Diverse composition of Actors and Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Role of t...
Diverse composition of Actors <ul><li>Agricultural establishment </li></ul><ul><li>ANGRAU, DRR, ICAR, DAATTC, KVK, AP Agri...
Role of champions <ul><li>Champions (successful, influential, well designated people ) </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Norman Uphoff ...
Bypassing Research <ul><li>SRI was introduced directly at the farmer’s field </li></ul><ul><li>Regular trajectory was not ...
Resource Mobilization <ul><li>Resource mobilised from diverse sources </li></ul><ul><li>Initially CIIFAD </li></ul><ul><li...
Media <ul><li>Regular coverage in Newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>Positive dimensions of SRI highlighted  </li></ul><ul><li>Di...
Policy Implications <ul><li>Do we pay enough attention in coalition building / support network building? </li></ul><ul><li...
The presenter gratefully acknowledges the support of following organizations
 
 
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The spread of system of rice intensification above farmer level in Andhra Pradesh, India

566 views

Published on

S basu

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The spread of system of rice intensification above farmer level in Andhra Pradesh, India

  1. 1. The Spread of System of Rice Intensification in the Above Farmer's Level Network In Andhra Pradesh, India Soutrik Basu*, Cees Leeuwis Wageningen University The Netherlands
  2. 2. Contents <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Support Network </li></ul><ul><li>SRI </li></ul><ul><li>Research Question </li></ul><ul><li>Methodology </li></ul><ul><li>Results and Discussions </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Implications </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Diffusion of innovation is often understood by measuring (dis)adoption dynamics among farmers </li></ul><ul><li>In our approach we are talking about adoption at above-farmers level network </li></ul><ul><li>Above-farmers level network as a necessary precondition for adoption at farmers level </li></ul><ul><li>System of Rice Intensification is researched within the context of Andhra Pradesh, India </li></ul>
  4. 4. Support Network <ul><li>Support network refers to the linkages and coalition between different aspects of the innovation (Leeuwis, 2000; 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative ideas require a support network (Klerkx et al., 2009; Leeuwis & Aarts, 2011; Schot & Geels, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Alignment of innovative ideas with new social relationships, formal and informal rules, incentive structures, organizational forms and control systems (Rip, 1995; Schot & Geels, 2008) </li></ul>
  5. 5. What is SRI? <ul><li>SRI was developed in Madagascar </li></ul><ul><li>Less input and more output than conventional cultivation </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific rationality is heavily contested </li></ul>SRI-methodology includes : single and young seedlings, wide spacing, aerobic soil management, limited irrigation, mechanical weeding, organic manures
  6. 6. SRI: Salient features <ul><li>Research and extension of SRI in 40 countries </li></ul><ul><li>A substantial number of peer reviewed article published </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement of international institutions like CIIFAD, WB, ICRISAT, different MOAs </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid spread around the globe </li></ul><ul><li>In India also a lot of involvement in above farmer’s level </li></ul>
  7. 7. SRI related research <ul><li>SRI and increasing factor productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Critical assessment of SRI (Dobberman 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation and validation of SRI (Latiff et al., 2005; 2009) </li></ul><ul><li>SRI and sustainable agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>SRI and irrigation management </li></ul><ul><li>SRI and (dis)adoption dynamics (Moser & Barret 2003; 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>SRI and farmer experience (ICRISAT-WWF project 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>SRI and its scientific rationality (Sheehy et al., 2005) </li></ul><ul><li>Many more… </li></ul>
  8. 8. Research Question <ul><li>No research has been done on the adoption of SRI at above-farmers level network </li></ul><ul><li>This research aims to fill the gap </li></ul>How was SRI adopted in the above farmer’s level in AP, India?
  9. 9. Methodology <ul><li>Life- History analysis of SRI in AP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewing existing literature from journals, reports etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Informal interviews (15) with people involved with SRI promotion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focussed interviews (6) with high level officials, scientists, policy makers and NGO workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 Group discussions in Institutes involved with SRI debate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Media Analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of SRI website contents (7 website) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Analysis of newspaper contents (47 articles from The Hindu between 2004-09) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ The Hindu’- for reputation and large agro-based coverage </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Results <ul><li>Chronology of SRI roadmap (1999-2009) </li></ul><ul><li>Identification of actors, institutions, events within AP </li></ul><ul><li>Profound involvement of mass media </li></ul>
  11. 11. Patterns observed from the life history <ul><li>Diverse composition of Actors and Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Role of the Champions </li></ul><ul><li>Bypassing Research </li></ul><ul><li>Resource Mobilization </li></ul><ul><li>Media </li></ul>
  12. 12. Diverse composition of Actors <ul><li>Agricultural establishment </li></ul><ul><li>ANGRAU, DRR, ICAR, DAATTC, KVK, AP Agricultural Department,& WALMTARI </li></ul><ul><li>Water conservation institute </li></ul><ul><li>WWF, ICRISAT, WASSAN </li></ul><ul><li>Policy related institutes </li></ul><ul><li>NFSM, Planning commission of India </li></ul><ul><li>NGOs </li></ul><ul><li>WASSAN, CROPS, CWS, SDTT, PRADAN etc. </li></ul><ul><li>National Bank </li></ul><ul><li>NABARD </li></ul>SRI promotion transcended beyond agricultural establishment!
  13. 13. Role of champions <ul><li>Champions (successful, influential, well designated people ) </li></ul><ul><li>Dr Norman Uphoff (academician, CIIFAD) </li></ul><ul><li>Dr A. Satyanarayana (director of extension, ANGRAU) </li></ul><ul><li>Dr B. Gujja (policy advisor WWF) </li></ul><ul><li>Many more… </li></ul>
  14. 14. Bypassing Research <ul><li>SRI was introduced directly at the farmer’s field </li></ul><ul><li>Regular trajectory was not followed </li></ul><ul><li>Time savings </li></ul>
  15. 15. Resource Mobilization <ul><li>Resource mobilised from diverse sources </li></ul><ul><li>Initially CIIFAD </li></ul><ul><li>WWF-ICRISAT provided grant to DRR for doing research on SRI as well as for documentation </li></ul><ul><li>NABARD, SDTT, WASSAN, DRR, ANGRAU </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Minister allotted 40 million INR for popularising SRI </li></ul>
  16. 16. Media <ul><li>Regular coverage in Newspaper </li></ul><ul><li>Positive dimensions of SRI highlighted </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages ignored </li></ul><ul><li>Several specialized websites on SRI </li></ul><ul><li>Huge information on SRI has been provided (for scientists, farmers, policy makers, extension workers) </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback and assistance system through website </li></ul><ul><li>Regular update on SRI in websites </li></ul>
  17. 17. Policy Implications <ul><li>Do we pay enough attention in coalition building / support network building? </li></ul><ul><li>Are networks or coalitions broad enough? </li></ul><ul><li>Do we sufficiently use mass media / internet? </li></ul>
  18. 18. The presenter gratefully acknowledges the support of following organizations

×