Patrick kasangaki contributing to extension - the question and answer service voucher system

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Patrick kasangaki contributing to extension - the question and answer service voucher system

  1. 1. Contributing to Extension – The Question and Answer Service Voucher System Patrick Kasangaki Rural Empowerment Network – (REN)
  2. 2. Authors Vivienne Oguya [email_address] and Patrick Kasangaki [email_address]
  3. 3. Presentation Layout Introduction Project Objective Project Outreach Materials, Methods, Data Sources Outputs Impact Conclusions and Recommendations
  4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>QAS – “traditional” information service </li></ul><ul><li>Provided to broad user base for several years </li></ul><ul><li>2006 service to primarily serve farmers & extension </li></ul><ul><li>Proactive approaches e.g. vouchers introduced to QAS </li></ul><ul><li>QAS Voucher System introduced to Uganda in 2006 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners : REN, NARO-ARIS, CTA and BLE-ISICAD </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Introduction <ul><li>Uganda: public sector rural advisory services (RAS) are underfunded and underperforming, reaching only a fraction of farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Gaps to fill to strengthen the RAS, e.g. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appropriate policy advocacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity development support and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Application of new extension approaches e.g. QAS VS </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Project Objective and Purpose <ul><li>Objective </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute towards improved agricultural productivity food security and rural livelihoods in Uganda </li></ul><ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Timely and accurate responses to farmers’ questions on best practices provided </li></ul>
  7. 7. Project Outreach <ul><li>900 small-scale farmers reached directly in 7 Districts : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kayunga, Soroti, Wakiso, Mityana, Kyenjojo, Kasese and Nebbi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Millions more reached indirectly </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>radio </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>local communication </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>farmer listening groups </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and local archives </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Materials, Methods, Data Sources <ul><li>Vouchers – right given to a farmer to ask a question and receive customised answer </li></ul><ul><li>Field Agent – distributes vouchers to farmers, takes photos, explains answer in local language to farmer </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Information Broker – person with ICT skills. Online communication e.g. publishing farmers questions online </li></ul><ul><li>Answering Service – involves experts who answer questions </li></ul>
  9. 10. Materials, Methods, Data Sources <ul><li>Farmers – prioritise on questions to ask, evaluate answers. Key to payment of actors </li></ul><ul><li>Internet platform – database of questions and answers, monitoring base used for controlling agent and development partners </li></ul><ul><li>Radio – increases project outreach, improves cost effectiveness. Scripts on FAQs developed and broadcasted as 15 minute programmes in 5 languages </li></ul>
  10. 13. The QAS-VS…… Farmer request Field agent Rural Information Broker (Internet) www.isicad.org/cta Expert response Library Internet Payment after delivery ! Answer service
  11. 14. Outputs <ul><li>Provided timely and accurate responses to 900 farmers’ questions on best practices. </li></ul><ul><li>Increased usability of research outputs by linking farmers and extension to research scientists. </li></ul><ul><li>Generated online knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>content and shared it widely. </li></ul><ul><li>Catalysed communication among </li></ul><ul><li>farming communities for purposes </li></ul><ul><li>of agricultural and rural development. </li></ul>
  12. 15. Outputs <ul><li>QAS VS introduced to 40 local authorities and 900 farmers. </li></ul><ul><li>15 Field Agents trained. </li></ul>
  13. 16. Outputs <ul><li>Database of 35 subject matter specialists developed. </li></ul><ul><li>Existing expertise was mobilised. (>70 people) </li></ul><ul><li>Local archives established at 15 sites . </li></ul>
  14. 17. Outputs Increased outreach - 72 radio programmes broadcasted. 744 recordings distributed to listening groups at 15 sites
  15. 18. Impact <ul><li>Structured questionnaire used to interview 150 randomly selected farmers </li></ul><ul><li>SPSS used for data analysis </li></ul>
  16. 19. Impact…. Effect on Productivity by enterprise   Increase in Productivity (%) < 0 0-25 26-50 51-75 76-99 100 > 100 TOTAL Crop Production 5 15 20 65 25 17 3 150 Animal Production 2 9 8 37 8 15 6 85 Aquaculture 0 1 1 4 2 0 0 8
  17. 20. Impact…. Increased Engagement by Thematic Scope (%) Thematic Scope < 0 0-25 26-50 51-75 76-99 100 > 100 TOTAL Marketing 5 15 60 22 30 15 3 150 Post Harvest Processing 4 10 63 13 34 12 14 150 Pest Control 3 20 57 32 17 16 5 150
  18. 21. Conclusions and Recommendations <ul><li>The QAS VS is an effective approach to extension . </li></ul><ul><li>Use the QAS VS as one of several extension approaches. </li></ul><ul><li>Island of success that needs to be publicised and up scaled to more regions in Uganda and other countries </li></ul><ul><li>Government involvement urgently needed to move it from project to sustainable extension intervention </li></ul><ul><li>Data from the service can be used by governments to improve evidence base of prioritising on farmers needs </li></ul><ul><li>In built transparency and accountability checks makes it attractive to development partners and governments seeking these qualities in extension models </li></ul>
  19. 22. THANK YOU

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