Knowledge Management in the context Agricultural Research and Development in ECA


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Presentation by Jacqueline Nyagahima (ASARECA) at the CTA ICT Observatory: Mobile devices in wireless environments - Wageningen, 2-4 November 2009

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Knowledge Management in the context Agricultural Research and Development in ECA

  1. 1. Knowledge Management in the context Agricultural Research and Development in ECA CTA ICT Observatory, 2-4 November 2009 Jacqueline Nyagahima, Head of Information and Communication Unit, ASARECA
  2. 2. Structure of Presentation <ul><li>Introduction to ASARECA </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges - African agriculture and food security </li></ul><ul><li>Challenges – to African agricultural research </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Management at ASARECA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Setup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platforms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ICT Challenges </li></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction to ASARECA The Association for Strengthening Agricultural Research in Eastern and Central Africa
  4. 5. Introduction <ul><li>Mission </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance regional collective action in agricultural research for development , extension and agricultural training and education to promote economic growth, fight poverty, eradicate hunger and enhance sustainable use of resources in Eastern and Central Africa </li></ul>
  5. 6. Introduction <ul><li>ASARECA carries out its work through 7 Regional Research Programmes </li></ul><ul><li>Staple Crops </li></ul><ul><li>Non-staple High Value Crops </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock and Fisheries </li></ul><ul><li>Agro-biodiversity and Biotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Resource Management and Forestry </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Analysis and Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Management and Upscaling </li></ul>
  6. 7. Challenges - African agriculture and food security <ul><li>Less water: increased demand from other sectors </li></ul><ul><li>Less arable land: land degradation and urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Less labor: HIV/AIDS and endemic diseases </li></ul><ul><li>A changing climate: increasing variability and more extreme events is projected to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reduce productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affect ecological systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>adversely affect human and animal health, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>decrease biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increasing concerns over the environmental and social implications of various agricultural policies and technologies </li></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>Address water deficit problems - through improved drought tolerant crops, irrigation technologies, </li></ul><ul><li>Produce a diversified array of crops, livestock, fish, forests, biomass (for energy) in an environmentally and socially sustainable manner </li></ul><ul><li>Address soil fertility and salinization of soils </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the nutritional quality of food </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the temperature tolerance of crops </li></ul><ul><li>Combat emerging agricultural pests and diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce post harvest losses </li></ul><ul><li>Improve nutrient cycling </li></ul><ul><li>Improve food safety </li></ul><ul><li>CONTENT </li></ul>Challenges – to African agricultural research
  8. 9. Knowledge Management @ ASARECA <ul><li>“ ..regional collective action…” </li></ul><ul><li>Through ASARECA , agricultural scientists in the 10 countries work together and in partnership with farmers , extension, private sector, scientists of regional and international institutions and development partners to come up with new innovations that could lead to agricultural-led economic growth, poverty eradication and improved livelihoods . </li></ul>
  9. 10. Knowledge Management @ ASARECA <ul><li>calls for </li></ul><ul><li>strong partnerships that are multidisciplinary and participatory </li></ul><ul><li>incorporating the needs a wide range of stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>incorporating feedback from a wide range of stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>the generation and communication of timely, quality agricultural knowledge and information. </li></ul>
  10. 11. KM @ASARECA <ul><li>Setup </li></ul><ul><li>Africalink Project (1996 – 2002). Email/internet connectivity for agric research institutes, website training </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Agricultural Information Network(2003 – 2007): network of Information professionals - Agric Information management Capacity (training, infrastructure, structures)- </li></ul>
  11. 12. KM @ASARECA <ul><li>3. Current </li></ul><ul><li>All 7 programmes (CONTENT) -> The Knowledge Management and Upscaling Programme (CHANNELS/UPTAKE PATHWAYS) -> The Information and Communication Unit (TOOLS) </li></ul>
  12. 13. KM @ASARECA - Definition <ul><li>Development . Knowledge is developed through research, learning, innovation, creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition . Knowledge is captured and retained for use and further treatment. (writing, video, audio, pictures, etc). </li></ul><ul><li>Refinement . Knowledge is processed, organized, transformed (adapted for different users) </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution and Deployment . dialogue, presentations, publications , training, conferences, networks </li></ul><ul><li>Preservation structured for storage and retrieval </li></ul><ul><li>Use. By using knowledge, it becomes the basis for further learning and innovation, and feeds back into the knowledge management process. </li></ul>
  13. 14. KM@ASARECA - Platforms
  14. 15. ICT Challenges <ul><li>“… enormous pressure – managing increased information requirements, information volumes, information flows....” , “… a world racing away with the latest and newest web and mobile tools..” </li></ul><ul><li>‘ DOT.COM NOISE’ </li></ul><ul><li>Email, Internet – modems through landlines, wireless & VSAT, GSM & broadband, –Mobile phones – wireless environments Line of site, VSATS, Instant messaging, VOIP – Skype, Web 2.0 – blogs, wikis, Broadband, podcasting, webcasting, e-services, mobile technology, facebook, twitter... </li></ul>CONSTANT –PEOPLE in agric R&D
  15. 16. ICT Challenges <ul><li>Public sector (Research, extension training & education) adapt and adopt to these technologies? </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge management is resource intensive – time, finances, skills sets </li></ul><ul><li>Inadequate commitment institutional (Strategic, Policy), individuals (incentive) </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer of ‘content’ to and from the generators of science knowledge to intermediaries and users not well defined </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of refinement/reproducing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rewriting to target different audiences with different needs and roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic design, audio, visual presentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Inadequate human capacity for refinement/reproducing content </li></ul>
  16. 17. ICT Challenges <ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing collaboration frameworks – roles for actors/ organisations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structures and systems to support use? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools that will stand the test of time? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced in a structured way? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easily adaptable in the current work environment? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tools with a short learning curve (intuitive)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can this be introduced into related curricula and training programmes (e.g. Post-graduate programme in Agricultural Information and Communication Management)? </li></ul></ul>
  17. 18. THANK YOU