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Day 1 cta dakar 0915 paca - agriculture nutrition_exekiel


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Strategic Priorities for an Aflatoxin-free Africa

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Day 1 cta dakar 0915 paca - agriculture nutrition_exekiel

  1. 1. Strategic Priorities for an Aflatoxin-free Africa CTA Cross-Learning Workshop and Writeshop Informing Food and Nutrition Security Policy and Practice: Strengthening the Agriculture-Nutrition Nexus and Improving Outcomes 21-25 September, 2015 Novotel Hotel, Dakar, Senegal PACA Secretariat
  2. 2.  Aflatoxins: impacts and contributing factors  PACA: birth, strategy for aflatoxin control in Africa -- PACA Activities and the Malabo Declaration -- Aligning PACA Activities to the CAADP Framework  The three-tier Government Involvement Strategy  Summary Outline
  3. 3. Aflatoxin is a developmental challenge to Africa, adversely affecting three sectors: Public health Food and nutrition security Trade and economy  The most toxic and carcinogenic of 300–400 naturally occurring fungal metabolites  Produced by some strains of Aspergillus flavus and related species  Highly stable compounds, withstand normal food/feed processing procedures Aflatoxins: impact and factors
  4. 4. Public Health Impacts  Directly linked to exposures Photo credit: Dr. Lamine Senghor Photo credit: Dr. Benedikt Warth Photo credit: 2013 CLC Training Week Photo credit: 2013 CLC Training Week Acute Immune system suppression Chronic effects Hepatic carcinoma Stunting and underweight in children 4.5 billion people are chronically exposed (WHO, 2004) Difficultyofdetection increases Symptomsofillness Kenya case study: 1981, 2001, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2014 41.5% case fatality
  5. 5. Trade Impacts ‘Pyramids’ of bags of groundnut ready for export in the 1970’s, West Africa; an industry that succumbed to aflatoxin contamination Africa loses $450-670 million annually in lost export trade
  6. 6. Weak institutional capacity: policy, regulations, putting research into use Factors Contributing to the Aflatoxin Challenge in Africa Poorly coordinated responses Conducive climatic conditions Traditional crop production and post-harvest practices Food insecurity and limited dietary diversity Low awareness levels Complex problem; difficulty targeting interventions
  7. 7. Aflatoxin management calls for ‘a bag of tricks’(integrated, valid options) to address this complex problem Photo credit:
  8. 8.  PACA is an attempt to advocate for, share knowledge, and catalyze coordinated aflatoxin control efforts on the continent
  9. 9. PACA Genesis and Progress 20142013201220112010  Consultation on an African response to the aflatoxin challenge – 2012 (at the 7th CAADP PP in Yaounde Cameroon)  Birth of the partnership platform – 2012 (PACA Secretariat functional at AUC and MoU between AUC and Meridian signed in September 2012  Official launch and AUC leadership – 31st October 2012 (launch of PACA at joint Ministerial Meeting of Ministers of Agriculture and Ministers of Trade)  Strategy development and stakeholder engagement – April 2013 (at Dar es Salaam where PACA 10 year strategy was developed in a consultative workshop)  Country activities Kick-off – March 2014 (at 10th CAADP PP in Durban, South Africa, PACA selection process presented at side meeting; PACA-RECs- NEPAD consultation to select 5 pilot countries)
  10. 10. PACA’s strategic thematic areas (STAs) and key result areas (KRAs) Research and Development Policies, legislation, and standards Trade and health Enhancing capacity Public awareness, advocacy, and communication  KRA 1.1: Generating information and evidences  KRA 1.2: Facilitating technology adaptation and adoption  KRA 1.3: Developing new technologies and knowledge  KRA 1.4: Enhancing access to research facilities  KRA 2.1: Enhancing policy analysis and formulation  KRA 2.2: Facilitating policy advocacy  KRA 2.3: Promoting standards and regulations  KRA 3.1: Facilitating growth in trade and commerce in priority aflatoxin-prone commodities  KRA 3.2: Creating incentives that encourage positive behaviors with respect to aflatoxin management  KRA 5.1: Increasing public awareness, information sharing and knowledge  KRA 5.2: Improving policy and political will through targeted communication  KRA 4.1: Risk assessment to inform decision making  KRA 4.2: Competency and infrastructure for aflatoxin testing  KRA 4.3: Improving capacity of value chain actors, civil society organizations and health practitioners
  11. 11. Strategic Action Area 1b of the ISR of Malabo declaration : Market infrastructure, regional trade and integration, and value chains development “Harmonize trade regimes, measures and standards, and remove non-tariff barriers (NTBs) within and across regional trade blocks (RECs), and domesticate and implement regional and continental trade agreements at national level” PACA Activities and the Malabo Declaration: Commitment # 5: To Boosting Intra-African Trade in Agricultural Commodities & Services
  12. 12. • HOW IS PACA’S CONTRIBUTION BEING TO BE MADE ? – 5 key actions : • Narrow the gap in SPS capacity: Employ aflatoxin control as an entry point to build food control systems • Support “universal” food safety standards (regarding access to international market) • Promote alignment and collaboration across countries (Organize Continental and Inter-Regional convenings to share new developments and best practices) • Knowledge Management: PACA’s AfricaAIMS targets harmonized data collection and making credible information available • Mutual Accountability – through annual readouts and regular reporting Linking PACA Activities to CAADP
  13. 13. The PACA Secretariat’s mission is to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of governments to tackle the aflatoxin challenge in Africa Rationale 1: Governments have wide sphere of influence: they can enact policies and launch initiatives that change behaviors and set priorities for all other stakeholders Rationale 2: Despite governments’ wide sphere of influence, there are few actors currently focused on supporting governments set a cohesive agenda for aflatoxin control Rationale 3: The Secretariat can directly support governments and forge strong partnerships with other aflatoxin control stakeholders
  14. 14. Comparative Advantages of the PACA Secretariat Advantages of being an African Union-Based Organization 1. Access to high-level government stakeholders 2. Authority to convene high-level REC and government stakeholders 3. Authority to set agenda for stakeholder conventions 4. Support from a large, diverse multi-stakeholder community 5. Ability to leverage the established CAADP framework to set priorities 6. Neutral, unbiased third party image 7. Esteemed, high-quality brand
  15. 15. – Continental – Regional – Country Three-Tier Government Involvement
  16. 16. Continental-level Activities:  Identify, document, and disseminate best practices and effective technologies to mitigate the harmful effects of aflatoxin  Serve as a technical knowledge hub for all aflatoxin research documents  Monitor aflatoxin control outcomes across the continent Knowledge Management Secretariat’s Continental Activities  Convene biennial PACA Partnership Platform meeting; work with RECs to organize additional inter-regional meetings; promote alignment; share new developments and best practices; resolve specific challenges / bottlenecks across countries and regions Continental & Inter-Regional Convenings Aflatoxin Mainstreaming into Continental Frameworks  Meet and communicate with CAADP, CODEX, and other continent-wide frameworks  Ensure consistency and congruency between continental and regional frameworks and country plans
  17. 17. Regional-level Activities: EAC and COMESA COMESA EAC and SADC ECOWAS COMESA and SADC SADC COMESA, SADC, and ECCAS ECCAS SADC and ECCAS Regional Economic Communities1  Collaborate to define the country plan approach across pilot countries  Collaborate to support the development and monitoring of country plans  Responsible for ensuring consistency and congruency between country plans and ongoing REC activities, as well as REC policies and frameworks  The Secretariat will provide grants to fill government capacity needs identified in country plans, while RECs will supervise and manage the implementation of all capacity support efforts and take over the financial and implementation responsibility REC Engagement and Support
  18. 18. Collaboration with RECs in three areas Thus, the Secretariat will:  Ensure that Secretariat activities are aligned to RECs’ aflatoxin priorities and activities  Collaborate and provide financial support for the regional aflatoxin convenings  Provide technical support for ongoing REC activities  Support RECs’ capacity to independently own country plan execution long-term Organize regional convenings to promote the execution of country plans and REC priorities Regional Convenings Harmonize regulatory frameworks and prioritize aflatoxin control efforts through regional frameworks Harmonization of Regulatory Frameworks Jointly own and advise design and execution of all steps in the country planning approach RECs will guide and advise governments the implementation of the country plan The Secretariat will support RECs by providing grants to countries for gov’t capacity support Country Planning & Execution
  19. 19. Country-level Activities: Prepare Country Plans: Year 1 Execute Country Plans: Year 2 - 5 Stage 1: Gather evidence to inform plan Stage 2: Validate & finalize country plan Stage 3: Support gov’t capacity to implement plan Stage 4: Monitor progress and advocate The Secretariat will enhance government capacity to implement the plan and monitor progress, but will not implement or fund country plan activities. However, it will support resource mobilization strategy and plan Pilot countries: Gambia, Malawi, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda,
  20. 20. Phased Approach to Scale Country Level Activities Phase 1: Design Country Planning Approach Phase 2: Pilot the Country Plans Phase 3: Review Progress 1 2 3 4 Phase 4: Scale to a Continental Level
  21. 21. Pilot Country Activities: 1. Establish Africa Aflatoxin Information Management System (AfricaAIMS) 2. Support Country-led food safety and aflatoxin Situation Analysis and Action Planning (C-SAAP) 3. Validation of national aflatoxin control plans and mainstreaming through CAADP NAFSIPs and other frameworks The August 2013 Steering Committee Meeting approved country activities
  22. 22. Advocacy and Communication: • PACA policy briefs: • PACA Newsletters, Vol. 3 Issue 1 & 2 • PACA website
  23. 23. UN Agencies PACA is overseen by a multi-stakeholder steering committee that provides overall leadership and drives the strategic direction of PACA
  24. 24.  Aflatoxin is a developmental challenge to Africa  Moral reason and economic and social imperative to mitigate the aflatoxin problem  Partnership, multi-sectoral and integrated approach is key to deal with the complex problem of aflatoxin contamination  Phased approach, coherent strategies and evidence-based plans, and accountability and measuring progress are vital for greater impact Summary
  25. 25. Let’s continue to work together for “An Africa Free From the Harmful Effects of Aflatoxin!” Photo credit: Dr. Lamine Senghor