Adoption of Web24Dev tools in e-extension project in Kenya


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Presentation by : Stephen Kibet Rono, Information Management Officer, AIRC State Department of Agriculture, MOALF, Kenya
Session: Implementation of ICT for Development Strategies in Agriculture
on 5 Nov 2013
ICT4Ag, Kigali, Rwanda

Published in: Technology, Business
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  • Upgrading the extension services to farmer from the face to face system to an E-system is a great innovation in the agricultural sector. ICT is the speed drive to increasing food security and improving farming practices through access to agronomic information. In Nigeria, the FADAMA AF project is using the E-extension system to to increase Farm Productivity and rural household income in the poorest sections of FADAMA Community
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Adoption of Web24Dev tools in e-extension project in Kenya

  1. 1. Adoption of Web24Dev tools in e-extension project in Kenya Speaker: Stephen Kibet Rono, Information Management Officer, AIRC State Department of Agriculture, MOALF, Kenya.
  2. 2. About : AIRC Agricultural Information Resource Centre • AIRC is a division in the state department of Agriculture, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MOAL&F) • Acquiring, repackaging and disseminating of agricultural information using different platforms.
  3. 3. AIRC conference facilities AIRC Conferencing charges (1USD = KSH 85) Item USD Boarding charges Full board $39 Bed breakfast $19 Day meals (lunch and 2 teas) $12 ½ Board (bed, dinner and breakfast) $26.5 Boarding only (no meals) Single occupancy (per head) $14 Double occupancy (per head) $ 12 Hire of seminar room/day Big (upto 35-50 pax) $35 Small (12 pax) $24 Dining hall $82 Hire of equipment LCD projector $ 48 LCD and laptop $ 94
  4. 4. Fact file: The agriculture sector in Kenya • Agriculture is the mainstay of the Kenyan economy, contributing 2 % of the GDP directly and another 27 % indirectly annually. • The sector accounts for 65 % of the country’s total exports and provides more than 60% of informal employment in the rural areas. • In the Kenya vision 2030 It is expected to deliver an annual economic growth rate of 10%
  5. 5. Cont. Agricultural Extension Service in Kenya • The agricultural sector extension service plays a vital role in the sharing of knowledge, technologies, agricultural information and linking the farmer to other actors in the economy. • The main challenge facing extension services is the low staff: farmer ratio. • The public extension service adapted the demand driven, common interest groups (CIG) approach.
  6. 6. Mitigation: Use of ICT in Agriculture – e-extension approach • The MOA has embraced the use of eextension to provide a platform to efficiently and effectively share agricultural information to the stakeholders in the sector. • E-Extension will involve use of mobile phone platform (e.g bulk SMS services) and the internet (e.g Web24dev and social media) – as a way of communicating with stakeholders. • Creation of Partnership with other stakeholders in development of content, capacity
  7. 7. E-Agriculture apps Embracing new technology and innovations • Precision Agriculture – Use ICT to obtain more precise information about agricultural resources and planning • E-Commerce – Use the internet to access information on commodity prices, inputs etc and undertake web-based transactions. • Agricultural Information Exchange and Communication - E-Extension – Efficient/effective delivery of agricultural information and knowledge services.
  8. 8. Challenges Application of E-Extension tools • Inadequate staff/farmer access to ICT infrastructure and facilities • Absence of appropriate skills among extension staff, farmers and other stakeholders in agriculture • Inadequate presence and use of online agricultural repositories • Lack of adequate/accessible local extension content in appropriate digital format
  9. 9. Drivers of ICT in Agriculture Five key drivers on the use of ICT in agriculture 1. Low-cost and pervasive connectivity, 2. Availability of Adaptable and more affordable ICT tools, 3. Advances in data storage and exchange, 4. Innovative business models (e.g. MPESA and other partnerships) 5. The democratization of information, including the open access movement and social media.
  10. 10. Mobile and internet usage in Kenya Mobile and internet usage in Kenya (source CCK 2013) – – – – – Mobile phone subscribers = over 30 million, Mobile penetration = 77%. Access to internet services = 41.6 % Internet subscriptions 9.6 million Estimated number of internet users 16.4 million • The increased demand for data/internet services enhanced by increased access via mobile phones (which is the most preferred medium for accessing social media by the youthful population).
  11. 11. Existing Internet Bandwidth potential Bandwidth utilization – source:CCK 2013 • There are Five Major international internet bandwidth providers namely SEACOM, TEAMS, EASSY, LION2 and VSAT • Total bandwidth capacity = 921,319 Mbps • Actual utilisation = about a third - (33.4%) or 307,307 Mbps • Substantial bandwidth capacity is yet to be exploited. • Investment in the data/internet market has risen from Ksh 830 million to over Ksh. 26 billion in 2011. • The growth in international bandwidth indicates the increased demand for data services as witnessed in the growth of internet usage in the country. (Source CCK 2013)
  12. 12. Opportunities Application of ICT4Ag in Kenya • Use of bulk SMS and the internet by the Overstretched extension staff to reach more farmers. • Packages can be designed to be highly interactive and captivating- with photos, videos, illustrations etc. • Improved ability to search, access & share knowledge and skills on farming technologies • Reduced costs on extension and training and optimized use of resources • Enhanced management of programs and projects using open source tools. End of part 1
  13. 13. The e-Extension Project Part 2
  14. 14. About the e-Extension project Objectives, Outputs and activities. • Project title: “E-Extension Project for Enhanced Agricultural productivity and Food Security” • Implementation Period: 2013 - 2016 Financial Year • Overall objective: is “to improve extension service delivery through cheap and effective transmission of agricultural information and technology across the value chain”. • Has 3 main outputs
  15. 15. Output No. 1 Equip Information desks with ICT facilities and equipment for internet and mobile Access • Provision of the following tools/capacity – Shock proof Laptop computers – USB 3G Modem and data bundle – Smartphone with airtime – Training of trainers on application of ICT in agriculture extension.
  16. 16. Output 2 Staff Trained on application of E- Extension at county, Sub County and Ward Level. • The e-extension curriculum 1. Module 1: E-Extension In Agriculture Concept 2. Module 2: Introduction to ICT Management 3. Module 3: Smart Phone Use And Management 4. Module 4: Web24dev In Agriculture 5. Module 5: Information Management Resource Kit (IMARK) 6. Module 6: Accessing Online E Resources AGORA, OARE, others 7. Module 8: Agricultural Information Platforms 8. Module 9: Information Security
  17. 17. Output 3 Farmers trained through e extension Application of ICT4Ag in agricultural extension – Information sourcing and packaging from e resources. – Information dissemination to farmers by use of short text message and email – Responding to e mails, calls and short text messages from farmers. – Farmers training on accessing information from e-extension platforms
  18. 18. E-extension project Activities: Output 1 1. Equip Information desks with ICT facilities and equipment for internet Access 2. Training of field officers on operation and Maintenance of ICT facilities and equipment. Activities: Output 2 1. Develop training curriculum and Manual for e extension 2. Conduct training of trainers workshops 3. Train County Staff on e- extension 4. Train Sub County Staff on e-extension 5. Train Ward Staff on e- extension
  19. 19. Cont. Activities ; output 3 (including indicators) 1. Information sourcing and packaging from e resources - 6,000 information products per year 2. Information dissemination to farmers by use of short text message - 600,000 farmers per year 3. Information dissemination to farmers by use of e mail - 60,000 farmers per year 4. Responding to e mails, calls and short text messages from farmers. 60,000 responses per year 5. Farmers training on accessing information from e-extension platforms - 60,000 farmers per year
  20. 20. Objectively verifiable indicators Summary of other indicators GOALS: • Increased Agricultural Productivity by 2% • Increased Farm income by 0.5% • Increased extension coverage 20% OUTPUTS: • 1450 Information desks equipped • 3,000 Extension Staff trained • 720,000 farmers per year
  21. 21. Achievements of e-extension as at 6/2013 E-extension curriculum & manual developed: • Was developed by AIRC and the extension division of the MOA • Development of the manual relied on skills acquired during web 2.0 learning opportunities organized by CTA at AIRC and Moi University. • Manual was Pre-tested in staff training workshops
  22. 22. Cont Staff training and capacity development • 67 frontline extension officers trained in the months of April and June 2013. • After the training the pax were issued with a total of 600 shock-proof Mecer laptops and smart phones.
  23. 23. Cont. TOT workshop on web24dev undertaken • Objective: To develop the skills of e-extension training unit to facilitate in the training and backstopping of frontline staff on web24Dev in agriculture. • Achievements: A total of 23 staff drawn from the MOA HQ, KEPHIS, ASDSP and AIRC were trained on web 2.0 TOT on 10th to 14th June 2013 by a team from Moi University supported by CTA. • Facilitation cost was met by the GOK.
  24. 24. Conclusion wayforward • The majority of farmers in Kenya now have mobile phones or access to internet which means that the e-extension project can provide them with: – Information using text messages, blogs and for those with smart phones – information on the Internet. – Extension staff will reach large numbers of farmers using bulk SMS. – Farmers will communicate directly with extension staff.
  25. 25. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING . End of Presentation