The branch of linguistics that studies the
structure of words.
What is a word?
The smallest unit of a language that
can stand alone as a complete
utterance, normally separated from
other words by spaces in written
language and potentially by pauses in
A word may consist of one or more
When it consists of only one morpheme, it is
known as a
When it consists of two or more morphemes,
it is known as a
What are morphemes?
The smallest meaningful elements into which
words can be analyzed.
The way morphemes operate in language
provides the subject matter of morphology.
A morpheme which is attached to a base and by so
doing modifies the meaning or syntactic category of
The form to which an affix is added. Sometimes it
coincides with the root. Other times it is the root and
There are four types of affixes.
An affix which is attached to the beginning of the
An affix which is inserted into another
An affix that is attached to the end of a base.
It is a morpheme which is attached both at the
beginning and at the end of a base.
Two main fields are traditionally recognized
The field of linguistics which studies the way
in which words vary (inflect) in order to
express grammatical contrasts in
• The way in which words vary in order to
form different classes of words.