Bio-sanitation in Peoples Settlements

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Bio-sanitation in Peoples Settlements

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  2. 2. ‘A case of ’<br />Bio-sanitation in Nairobi’s People Settlement <br />‘Good Practices’ <br />Related to Access to Safe Drinking Water and Sanitation<br />
  3. 3. Documented by:<br />Bio-Centers<br />
  4. 4. Brought to you by:<br />‘Good practices’<br />Bio-sanitation in Nairobi’s people settlements<br />Some of our Partners<br />
  5. 5. Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Click the photos for info<br />Bio-sanitation is premised on the need to close the loop in the waste management process and turn human waste into a resource.<br /><ul><li>Waste management
  6. 6. Environment planning
  7. 7. Improving livelihoods</li></ul>Based on ecosan principles of safe handling of waste through containment, sanitation and reuse …<br />Bio-sanitation apply ecological sanitation principles to ensure that human waste in ablution blocks is turned into wealth by producing gas through bio-digester systems and producing fertilizer as a by-product.<br />
  8. 8. Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />People living in informal settlements face may challenges when it comes to sanitation facilities:<br />Availability<br />Accessibility<br />Affordability<br />Quality / Safety<br />Acceptability<br />Non-discrimination<br />
  9. 9. Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Availability<br />By design, the bio-sanitation facilities/ablution blocks are intended to serve 500 users a day. User surveys and accounts returns undertaken by community and staff teams indicate varied numbers of users in respect to each unit. <br /><ul><li>by design each bio-center is intended to serve 500 users a day.
  10. 10. on average all the 26 operating bio-centers register 300 visitors per day</li></li></ul><li>Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Accessibility<br /><ul><li>Umande applies a demand responsive approach that motivates community groups (PLWHA, PDP etc) to select and apply for suitable sites that are accessible to individuals living and working in the people’s settlements</li></ul>Umande applies a demand-responsive approach that motivates community groups (youth, schools, women’s groups, the disabled and persons living with HIV/AIDS) to identify, select and apply for suitable sites that are accessible to individuals living and working in people’s settlements.<br />
  11. 11. Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Affordability<br />Bio-sanitation centers<br />The bio-sanitation centres charge 2/- (Kenya shillings) per visit. To guarantee uninterrupted access, there is a card valued at 100/- per month for interested households. These user-pay options are designed to make sanitation services affordable and secure reasonable revenues for cleaning, operating and managing the sanitation facilities.<br /><ul><li> charge 2/- (Kenya Shillings) per visit
  12. 12. A card valued at 100/- per month is available for households
  13. 13. proceeds cover the facility costs</li></li></ul><li>Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Quality / Safety<br />Each of the bio-centres has a fulltime caretaker and her/his assistant specifically hired by the respective community groups to clean the facility, maintain hygiene, supply of toilet papers and provide water within and outside the ablution block. <br /> <br />Outside or within the facilities, there are wash-basins and containers for hand-washing with soap after use of the sanitation facility. In response to expressed needs, most of the bio-centres have installed condom dispensers; a few have provided facilities for safe disposal of sanitary towels.<br />Each of the bio-center have <br /><ul><li>a full time caretaker and assistant to clean the facility
  14. 14. supply of toilet papers
  15. 15. water basins and soap for washing hands</li></li></ul><li>Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Acceptability<br />On the whole, the bio-sanitation facilities are acceptable to the users. In an effort to improve on their design, Umande trust has conducted several user surveys to respond to the needs and priorities of potential and existing user. The designs of the facilities have accommodated user preference for anal cleansing by supplying taps and water supplies to each of the toilets. There are specific sections and rooms for women, men and children; to assure privacy and security.<br /><ul><li>on the whole, bio-sanitation facilities are acceptable to users
  16. 16. facility design accommodates user preferences
  17. 17. facility separate section for men, women and children to ensure privacy</li></li></ul><li>Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Non-Discrimination<br />The bio-centres specifically target individuals and groups resident in sanitation-stressed urban areas in Nairobi – Kibera, Korogocho, Mukuru, Mathare, Kangemi and MjiwaHuruma. Examples of marginalized community groups directly involved in the planning, management and ownership of the facilities includes persons with disabilities (Heshima Disabled, IDVIK in Mukuru and Korogocho respectively); orphans (the STARA bio-centre in Kibera); the elderly (TOSHA in Kiberaand Ngunyumuin Korogocho) and many youth groups (Bunkers, in Kibera; Together we-can and Inspiration in Korogocho, LungaLunga in Mukuru)<br /><ul><li>marginalized groups such as PDP, PLWHA, IDVIK etc are involved in the planning of the facilities</li></li></ul><li>Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Participation<br />On the whole, the bio-sanitation facilities are acceptable to the users. In an effort to improve on their design, Umande trust has conducted several user surveys to respond to the needs and priorities of potential and existing user. The designs of the facilities have accommodated user preference for anal cleansing by supplying taps and water supplies to each of the toilets. There are specific sections and rooms for women, men and children; to assure privacy and security.<br />The beneficiary community participate in:<br /><ul><li>Planning and design
  18. 18. Construction
  19. 19. Maintenance and monitoring of the facilities</li></li></ul><li>Brought to you by:<br />Whybio - sanitation<br />Bio – Gas Technology and the Green Economy<br />Accountability<br />The bio-centres specifically target individuals and groups resident in sanitation-stressed urban areas in Nairobi – Kibera, Korogocho, Mukuru, Mathare, Kangemi and MjiwaHuruma. Examples of marginalized community groups directly involved in the planning, management and ownership of the facilities includes persons with disabilities (Heshima Disabled, IDVIK in Mukuru and Korogocho respectively); orphans (the STARA bio-centre in Kibera); the elderly (TOSHA in Kiberaand Ngunyumuin Korogocho) and many youth groups (Bunkers, in Kibera; Together we-can and Inspiration in Korogocho, LungaLunga in Mukuru)<br /><ul><li>each of the group undertakes monthly, quarterly and annual audits and accountability sessions
  20. 20. Information resulting from these sessions is also made accessible</li></li></ul><li>Brought to you by:<br />For More Information<br />CONTACT US<br />Tel: +254 020 8079001<br />Email: info@umande.org<br />Website: www.umande.org<br />

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