Life at the Turn of the 20th Century<br />Chapter 8<br />
Science and Urban Life<br />Section 1<br />
Skyscrapers<br />Taller buildings because of two factors:<br />Invention of elevators<br />Development of internal steel s...
Louis Sullivan<br />Designed the 10-story Wainwright Building in St. Louis<br />Skyscraper – “proud and soaring thing”<br ...
Wainwright Building<br />
Fredrick Law Olmsted<br />Landscape architect<br />Spearheaded movement for planned urban parks.<br />Hoped would soothe t...
Fredrick Law Olmsted<br />1857 - drew up plans for what is now Central Park, in New York.<br />1870s – designed landscapin...
Orville & Wilber Wright<br />Brothers<br />Bicycle manufactures in Dayton, Ohio<br />Experimented with new engines<br />Fo...
Orville & Wilber Wright<br />First successful flight on December 17, 1903, at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina<br />120 feet and...
George Eastman<br />Developed flexible film, send to studio for processing.<br />Aimed his product at the masses, not just...
George Eastman<br />1888 – Kodak camera<br />$25 with 100-picture roll<br />Send the camera to factory to develop the pict...
Expanding Public Education<br />Section 2<br />
Booker T. Washington<br />African American educator<br />Believed racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skill...
Booker T. Washington<br />1881 – head of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama<br />Equip African Americans ...
W.E.B. Du Bois<br />1895 - 1st African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard<br />1905 - Founded Niagara Movement<b...
Critical ThinkingComparing<br />Compare and contrast the views of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois on the subject o...
Critical ThinkingComparing<br />Compare and contrast the views of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois on the subject o...
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Chapter 8

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  • Video – Discovery Education - Urbanization and the Rise of Public Parks (4:36 – the last half talk about Mass. Nat. Parks)
  • Video – History.com - Wright Brothers are First in Flight (3:06)
  • Video – Discovery Education - Evolution of Eastman&apos;s Photography (2:02)
  • Video – Discovery Education - Summer, 1881: The Birth of the Tuskegee Institute; Philosophy and Practice (2:53)
  • Video – History.com - W.E.B. Dubois and the Niagara Movement (3:44)
  • Chapter 8

    1. 1. Life at the Turn of the 20th Century<br />Chapter 8<br />
    2. 2. Science and Urban Life<br />Section 1<br />
    3. 3. Skyscrapers<br />Taller buildings because of two factors:<br />Invention of elevators<br />Development of internal steel skeletons to bear the weight of buildings<br />
    4. 4. Louis Sullivan<br />Designed the 10-story Wainwright Building in St. Louis<br />Skyscraper – “proud and soaring thing”<br />Steel framework supported both floors and walls.<br />
    5. 5. Wainwright Building<br />
    6. 6. Fredrick Law Olmsted<br />Landscape architect<br />Spearheaded movement for planned urban parks.<br />Hoped would soothe the city’s inhabitants and let them enjoy a “natural” setting.<br />
    7. 7. Fredrick Law Olmsted<br />1857 - drew up plans for what is now Central Park, in New York.<br />1870s – designed landscaping for Washington DC, St. Louis, Boston park system.<br />Video<br />
    8. 8. Orville & Wilber Wright<br />Brothers<br />Bicycle manufactures in Dayton, Ohio<br />Experimented with new engines<br />Four-cylinder internal combustion engine<br />
    9. 9. Orville & Wilber Wright<br />First successful flight on December 17, 1903, at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina<br />120 feet and lasted 12 seconds.<br />1905 – flights of 24 miles<br />1920 – first transcontinental airmail service<br />Video<br />
    10. 10. George Eastman<br />Developed flexible film, send to studio for processing.<br />Aimed his product at the masses, not just professional photographers<br />
    11. 11. George Eastman<br />1888 – Kodak camera<br />$25 with 100-picture roll<br />Send the camera to factory to develop the pictures for $10.<br />Millions of amateur photographers<br />Field of photojournalism<br />Video<br />
    12. 12. Expanding Public Education<br />Section 2<br />
    13. 13. Booker T. Washington<br />African American educator<br />Believed racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their value to society.<br />Graduated from Virginia’s Hampton Institute<br />
    14. 14. Booker T. Washington<br />1881 – head of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute in Alabama<br />Equip African Americans with teaching diplomas and useful skills in agricultural, domestic, or mechanical work.<br />Video<br />
    15. 15. W.E.B. Du Bois<br />1895 - 1st African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard<br />1905 - Founded Niagara Movement<br />Insisted that blacks should seek a liberal arts education so that the African American community would have well-educated leaders<br />Video<br />
    16. 16. Critical ThinkingComparing<br />Compare and contrast the views of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois on the subject of the education of African Americans.<br />
    17. 17. Critical ThinkingComparing<br />Compare and contrast the views of Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois on the subject of the education of African Americans.<br />Du Bois – liberal arts education to produce African-American leaders<br />Washington – acquiring useful skills and teaching diploma in order for African Americans to be of economic value to society.<br />

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