Challenges of Urbanization Chapter 7 – Section 2
Urban Opportunities <ul><li>Urbanization-  the growth of cities </li></ul><ul><li>Settle in cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C...
Why the City? <ul><li>Immigrants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheapest and most convenient places to live </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Urban Problems <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Row houses – single-family dwellings that shared side walls </li></ul...
Tenements <ul><ul><li>Multi family urban dwellings </li></ul></ul>
City Zoo <ul><li>Besides people, the cities were home to herds of animals. Horses, of course, were used for transportation...
Transportation <ul><li>Mass transit – designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes </li></ul>
Jacob Riis Jacob Riis, a Danish immigrant, became a crusading police reporter in New York City in 1877.  His job took him ...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Problems of Rapidly Growing Urban Centers <ul><li>Overcrowding and unsanitary housing </li></ul><ul><li>Unsafe drinking wa...
Water <ul><li>Built public waterworks </li></ul><ul><li>Filtration introduced 1870s </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorination 1908 </...
Crime <ul><li>1 st  fulltime police force NYC 1844 </li></ul><ul><li>Too small to have much impact </li></ul>
Sanitation <ul><li>By 1900 many cities had developed sewer lines </li></ul><ul><li>Created sanitation depts. </li></ul><ul...
Fire <ul><li>Limited water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Packed with wooden buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Kerosene heaters and ca...
Urbanization <ul><ul><li>The Tenement House Department's survey found that the Tenth Ward in New York City was the most de...
Settlement House Movement <ul><li>Social Gospel Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preached salvation through service to the p...
Settlement Houses <ul><li>Community centers in slums </li></ul><ul><li>Provided educational, cultural and social services ...
Hull House
Main Ideas Taking Notes <ul><li>Re-create the spider map below on your paper. List urban problems on the vertical lines. F...
Main Ideas Taking Notes <ul><li>Re-create the spider map below on your paper. List urban problems on the vertical lines. F...
Main Ideas Taking Notes <ul><li>Re-create the spider map below on your paper. List urban problems on the vertical lines. F...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 7 section 2

1,919 views

Published on

Published in: Art & Photos, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,919
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
13
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
9
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 7 section 2

  1. 1. Challenges of Urbanization Chapter 7 – Section 2
  2. 2. Urban Opportunities <ul><li>Urbanization- the growth of cities </li></ul><ul><li>Settle in cities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheap and convenient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steady jobs for unskilled workers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1910, immigrants made up more than ½ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>population of 18 major cities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest amount of urban growth in NE </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Most urban growth due to recent immigrants </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americanization Movement- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social campaign sponsored by government and concerned citizens </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Designed to assimilate cultures into the dominant culture </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Why the City? <ul><li>Immigrants: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cheapest and most convenient places to live </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Offer unskilled laborers steady jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ethnic neighborhoods and cultural opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Farmers: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fewer farm laborers needed due to technology (ex. Steel plow) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>African Americans: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few farm laborers needed due to technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hope of less racial violence and political oppression than in the South </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Urban Problems <ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Row houses – single-family dwellings that shared side walls </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Tenements <ul><ul><li>Multi family urban dwellings </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. City Zoo <ul><li>Besides people, the cities were home to herds of animals. Horses, of course, were used for transportation and had to be stabled somewhere. People kept chickens and pigs to eat and cows for milk. In 1867, a New York law finally ordered pig-owners to keep their animals from running loose in the streets. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Transportation <ul><li>Mass transit – designed to move large numbers of people along fixed routes </li></ul>
  8. 8. Jacob Riis Jacob Riis, a Danish immigrant, became a crusading police reporter in New York City in 1877. His job took him into some of New York City ’s worst slums, where he was shocked at the conditions in the overcrowded, airless, filthy tenements. Riis used his photographic talents to expose the hardships of New York City’s poor.
  9. 30. Problems of Rapidly Growing Urban Centers <ul><li>Overcrowding and unsanitary housing </li></ul><ul><li>Unsafe drinking water </li></ul><ul><li>High Crime </li></ul><ul><li>Fires </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul>
  10. 31. Water <ul><li>Built public waterworks </li></ul><ul><li>Filtration introduced 1870s </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorination 1908 </li></ul>
  11. 32. Crime <ul><li>1 st fulltime police force NYC 1844 </li></ul><ul><li>Too small to have much impact </li></ul>
  12. 33. Sanitation <ul><li>By 1900 many cities had developed sewer lines </li></ul><ul><li>Created sanitation depts. </li></ul><ul><li>Ongoing challenge </li></ul>
  13. 34. Fire <ul><li>Limited water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Packed with wooden buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Kerosene heaters and candles </li></ul><ul><li>Cincinnati, Ohio 1 st paid fire dept. 1853 </li></ul>
  14. 35. Urbanization <ul><ul><li>The Tenement House Department's survey found that the Tenth Ward in New York City was the most densely populated in the city. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 1903, it had a population of 69,944 or approximately 665 people per acre. </li></ul><ul><li>One block that encompassed 2.04 acres had a total population of 2,223 people (1,089 per acre) comprising 450 families. </li></ul>
  15. 36. Settlement House Movement <ul><li>Social Gospel Movement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preached salvation through service to the poor </li></ul></ul>
  16. 37. Settlement Houses <ul><li>Community centers in slums </li></ul><ul><li>Provided educational, cultural and social services </li></ul><ul><li>Run by mostly middle class, college educated women </li></ul><ul><li>Jane Addams founded Chicago’s Hull House in 1889 </li></ul>
  17. 38. Hull House
  18. 39. Main Ideas Taking Notes <ul><li>Re-create the spider map below on your paper. List urban problems on the vertical lines. Fill in details about attempts that were made to solve each problem. </li></ul>Solutions to Urban Problems
  19. 40. Main Ideas Taking Notes <ul><li>Re-create the spider map below on your paper. List urban problems on the vertical lines. Fill in details about attempts that were made to solve each problem. </li></ul>Housing Dumbell tenements Row houses Transportation New street-car lines Subways Unsafe water Public waterworks chlorination filtration Solutions to Urban Problems
  20. 41. Main Ideas Taking Notes <ul><li>Re-create the spider map below on your paper. List urban problems on the vertical lines. Fill in details about attempts that were made to solve each problem. </li></ul>Sanitation Sewer lines Sanitation departments Fire Wood replaced w/ brick Full-time fire dept. Concrete Stone Solutions to Urban Problems

×