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Chapter 7 Part 2 Cst110


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Chapter 7 Part 2 Cst110

  1. 1. Chapter 7, part 2 Interpersonal Communication
  2. 2. Self Disclosure <ul><li>This is the basis of all relationships </li></ul><ul><li>The process of telling people who you are; telling others things about yourself that may not be apparent by just looking at you </li></ul><ul><li>This does not have to be a deep, dark secret; could be everyday things about you </li></ul>
  3. 3. Self Disclosure <ul><li>Social penetration – process of increasing both disclosure AND intimacy in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>You will most likely be able to encourage a relationship to go further, hold it at the same level, or stop it simply by what you do with self disclosure </li></ul>
  4. 4. Self Disclosure: 3 Kinds of Information <ul><li>Cultural – tells about a person’s GENERAL cultural attributes such as language, values, beliefs, etc </li></ul><ul><li>This is often shallow and impersonal </li></ul><ul><li>Not usually helpful in forming or keeping prolonged relationships </li></ul>
  5. 5. Self Disclosure: 3 Kinds of Information <ul><li>Sociological – tells you something about the person’s social group and roles </li></ul><ul><li>You usually do not learn anything new about the person except for his/her role or job </li></ul><ul><li>This is communication with a doctor, teacher; not deep </li></ul>
  6. 6. Self Disclosure: 3 Kinds of Information <ul><li>Psychological – learn about an individual's traits, attitudes, important personal information </li></ul><ul><li>Most specific and intimate type of disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships are based on this type of disclosure </li></ul>
  7. 7. Self Disclosure <ul><li>Trust is very important in starting and continuing relationships – how much can you trust the person to not tell others about the information that you just told them? </li></ul><ul><li>Process of reciprocity – how much does the information the OTHER person reveal after you disclose? Is the disclosure at the same level? </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Johari Window
  9. 9. The Johari Window <ul><li>Open Pane – information about yourself that you are willing to tell others; also info you are unable to hide from others </li></ul><ul><li>Nonverbals cannot often be hidden </li></ul><ul><li>Race, sex cannot often be hidden </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Johari Window <ul><li>Blind Pane – “accidental” disclosure </li></ul><ul><li>Things that you do not know about yourself that others know </li></ul><ul><li>These are often nonverbals, habits, tics, etc </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Johari Window <ul><li>Hidden pane – self-knowledge that you deliberately keep hidden from others </li></ul><ul><li>Things you do not want others to know; this information could change depending on who you are communicating with </li></ul><ul><li>These are things that you are not sure how others may react or that others may not approve of your views </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Johari Window <ul><li>Unknown pane – this information is unknown to self and others so there is no chance at the time to disclose </li></ul><ul><li>Things not YET revealed; what would you do in a certain situation? You do not know because you have not yet been in that particular situation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Self Disclosure and Intimacy <ul><li>A reward is that self-disclosure often leads to greater intimacy; closer friendships, romantic relationships, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Many people fear possible consequences of revealing too much, too soon about selves </li></ul><ul><li>What might some of these fears be? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Self Disclosure and Intimacy-Fears <ul><li>Having your faults exposed </li></ul><ul><li>Your partner will become your critic </li></ul><ul><li>Losing your individuality </li></ul><ul><li>Being abandoned </li></ul>
  15. 15. Self Disclosure and Intimacy <ul><li>Disclosure should only occur in relationships that are important to you </li></ul><ul><li>For disclosure to work, both people must be involved in it at a similar degree </li></ul><ul><li>What are some possible motives behind disclosure? Are all of them good? </li></ul><ul><li>Should there always be FULL AND COMPLETE DISCLOSURE??? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Elements of a Good Relationship <ul><li>Verbal skills – there should be ongoing discussion of both good and bad things within the relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional expressiveness – how should you express your emotions? What is too much / little? The amount and type is often similar to what you learned growing up and your gender </li></ul>
  17. 17. Elements of a Good Relationship <ul><li>Conversational focus – what you choose to talk about / not talk about </li></ul><ul><li>Nonverbal analysis – how you are able to imply meaning or read between the lines; what does he/she REALLY mean? </li></ul><ul><li>Conversational encouragement – willingness or unwillingness to continue a conversation even if it is not pleasant </li></ul>
  18. 18. Elements of a Good Relationship <ul><li>Care and appreciation </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment – the desire to have the relationship continue with the good and the bad </li></ul><ul><li>Unconditional (no matter what) versus conditional (…only if) </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation </li></ul>
  19. 19. The Internet and Interpersonal Relationships <ul><li>The internet promotes social disengagement – less getting together with others face-to-face, less social interaction outside the home </li></ul><ul><li>The internet increases the NUMBER of interpersonal relationships; what about the DEGREE?? </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of internet communication? </li></ul>