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Chapter 6 Part 2 Cst110


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Chapter 6 Part 2 Cst110

  1. 1. Chapter 6, part 2 Nonverbal Communication
  2. 2. Attractiveness <ul><li>Elective characteristics – physical characteristics you can control (clothes, makeup, piercings, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Nonelective characteristics – you cannot change (height, body proportion, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Which do you think is perceived as more credible? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Clothing <ul><li>Very important to nonverbal communication because it is often the first impression you make </li></ul><ul><li>Function: protection, sexual attraction, self-assertion, group identification, etc </li></ul>
  4. 4. Clothing
  5. 5. Clothing <ul><li>Uniforms – identification; may show rank; little choice </li></ul><ul><li>Occupational dress – more choice than uniform; expected to wear; present specific image </li></ul>
  6. 6. Clothing <ul><li>Leisure – chosen by the individual; can show more of your personal identity </li></ul><ul><li>Costumes – highly individualized; pretending to be something or someone you are not in real life </li></ul>
  7. 7. Body Adornment <ul><li>Any addition to the physical body design to beautify or decorate </li></ul><ul><li>Changeable with time as to what is acceptable </li></ul>
  8. 8. Space and Distance <ul><li>Proxemics; looks at the way people use the space around them to communicate or to avoid communication </li></ul><ul><li>Territory – the space that people considers to BELONG to the </li></ul><ul><li>Rules are different in every culture </li></ul>
  9. 9. Space and Distance <ul><li>Intimate space – in direct contact with each other; feel uncomfortable when space is invaded </li></ul><ul><li>Personal distance – distance in a casual conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Social distance – distance you keep with those you are not familiar with </li></ul><ul><li>Public distance – public speaking </li></ul>
  10. 10. Touch <ul><li>Haptics; physical contact with others </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptability changes with cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Who is okay to touch in public? How? This is colored by culture, your thoughts, experiences </li></ul>
  11. 11. Touch <ul><li>Functional-professional: impersonal </li></ul><ul><li>Social-polite: greeting; handshake </li></ul><ul><li>Friendship-warmth: between friends; liking each other </li></ul><ul><li>Love-intimacy: more intense intimate relationships; lovers, parents to kids </li></ul><ul><li>Sexual arousal: expression of physical attraction </li></ul>
  12. 12. Smell <ul><li>Olfactics – the study of smell </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation – the more you smell something, you become more used to it; it may not bother you as much as someone who is smelling for the first time </li></ul><ul><li>Maps /experiences of smells determine how you feel about it </li></ul>
  13. 13. Time <ul><li>Chronemics – the study of time </li></ul><ul><li>Time is very important to the American culture; differs for all cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Time can be used for psychological effects; if you are always late, what message are you setting? </li></ul><ul><li>The higher status you have, the more control over time you have </li></ul>
  14. 14. Functions of Nonverbal Communication <ul><li>Compliment – adds to verbal meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate – ending / beginning conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Substitute for verbal </li></ul><ul><li>Accent verbals with tone, speed, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Often nonverbals are difficult to control. </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Internet and Nonverbal Communication <ul><li>Social presence – the ability of the CMC user to project themselves socially and to show emotion and feeling </li></ul><ul><li>How does the degree of intimacy differ between face-to-face and CMC? </li></ul><ul><li>Media richness – how much information is carried by the media (can it carry emotion? tone? Etc) </li></ul>