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Chapter 13 Part 2 Cst229


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Chapter 13 Part 2 Cst229

  1. 1. Chapter 13, part 2 Adapting to Diversity: Culture Shock
  2. 2. Stages in Culture Shock <ul><li>Adaptation stage – starts to identify more with the new country and its members; develop relationships with its members </li></ul><ul><li>Reentry stage – returning to home culture; reverse culture shock </li></ul>
  3. 3. W-Curve Theory
  4. 4. Inventory of Reentry Problems <ul><li>Cultural </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistic </li></ul><ul><li>National and political </li></ul><ul><li>Educational </li></ul><ul><li>Professional </li></ul><ul><li>(p 257) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Acculturation <ul><li>The process of learning and adjusting to a new set of behaviors (in the adaptation stage of culture shock) (p 258) </li></ul><ul><li>Taking over traits of another culture; physical, biological, cultural, social, psychological </li></ul>
  6. 6. Personal Developments of Acculturation <ul><li>Cultural adjustment – feelings of comfort in the new culture </li></ul><ul><li>Identification – a sense of belonging to the new culture </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural competence – willingness to learn the language and increase knowledge of the new culture </li></ul><ul><li>Role enculturation – adopts the behaviors associated with role in new culture (p 258-9) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Communication and Acculturation <ul><li>Four dimensions to test adaptability: </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional resilience </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility / openness </li></ul><ul><li>Perceptual acuity </li></ul><ul><li>Personal autonomy </li></ul>
  8. 8. Coping on a Short-Term Basis <ul><li>Nonacceptance </li></ul><ul><li>Substitution </li></ul><ul><li>Addition </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesis </li></ul><ul><li>Resynthesis </li></ul>
  9. 9. Assimilation and Pluralism <ul><li>Assimilation – the process in which immigrants become absorbed into the native population through convergence </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural patterns disappear </li></ul><ul><li>Cultures blend </li></ul><ul><li>Some patterns become part of the dominant culture </li></ul><ul><li>(p 261) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Theories of Assimilation <ul><li>The Anglo-Conformity theory – expectation that immigrants will completely renounce their culture </li></ul><ul><li>The Melting Pot theory </li></ul><ul><li>the blending, creating </li></ul><ul><li>something new </li></ul><ul><li>(p 261) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Cultural Pluralism <ul><li>Maintaining the separate and distinct parts of cultural groups </li></ul>