Chapter 11

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Chapter 11

  1. 1. Chapter 11 Verbal Diversity Among Americans
  2. 2. Age <ul><li>As age increases, a person becomes more susceptible to persuasion </li></ul><ul><li>Certain physical changes (eyesight, hearing) often decrease making communication more difficult; adding more difficulty to intercultural communication </li></ul><ul><li>Possible increased chance for loss of face </li></ul>
  3. 3. Gender <ul><li>Males </li></ul><ul><li>Use language to exert control, protect independence, and negotiate their status </li></ul><ul><li>Forceful, direct, devoid of sympathy and understanding and task-related </li></ul><ul><li>Females </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking is a principle way of creating and continuing relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to involve others in conversation </li></ul><ul><li>Seek confirmation and reinforce intimacy </li></ul>
  4. 4. Slang, Cant, Argot, Jargon <ul><li>Slang – often made up to reflect the ideas and customs to keep up with changing times </li></ul><ul><li>Cant – slang used by members of organized crime </li></ul><ul><li>Argot – terminology used by professionals, especially used by crooks </li></ul><ul><li>Jargon – words or expressions used by a particular group or profession </li></ul><ul><li>Are usually only understood by those in the groups who use them (text, IM, etc) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Slang <ul><li>MIRF - (merf) noun. acronym for Mom I'd Run From. The opposite of a MILF </li></ul><ul><li>Textrovert - One who feels an increased sense of bravery over texting, as opposed to in person </li></ul><ul><li>Flesh forks - Your bare fingers </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mobspeak: The Language of the Mafia (cant) <ul><li>A friend of ours : mob shorthand for introducing one made guy to another made guy </li></ul><ul><li>Beef : a complaint or disagreement within the organization, usually discussed during a sit-down with higher-ups in the Family </li></ul><ul><li>Broken : demoted in rank; &quot;knocked down.” </li></ul>

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