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The Consummation: Postmillennialism

Class 8 of the Consummation series, being taught at Christ Presbyterian Church, Marietta, GA.

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The Consummation: Postmillennialism

  1. 1. Postmillennialism C.S. Noren, 2017
  2. 2.  PremillennialViews: Millennium Historic Premillennialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib Millennium Dispensational Premillennialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib Rapture
  3. 3.  PostmillennialViews Millennium Amillenialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib Millennium Postmillennialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib
  4. 4.  The Bible teaches there are two ages:  PresentAge. ▪ Inaugurated with the first coming of Christ ▪ Temporal.  Age to come. ▪ Inaugurated with the second coming of Christ ▪ Eternal.  The second coming of Christ separates the two ages.  The elect are gathered.  The wicked judged.
  5. 5.  Revelation 20 and the Millennium.  Recapitulation vs. Chronological Sequence. ▪ View 1: Revelation presents visions in Chronological Sequence. ▪ Each vision segment follows the previous vision segment in time order. ▪ Millennium occurs after Christ returns. ▪ View 2: Revelation presents visions in Recapitulation form (Amillennialism and Post Millennialism). ▪ Visions follow the pattern of history from Christ’s first coming to his victorious second coming and judgment. ▪ Millennium covers the period of Christ’s first coming to second.
  6. 6.  Amillennialism is the view that the millennium occurs between the first and second comings of Christ.  The number 1000 is symbolic of the completeness and intensity of Christ’s reign.  The tribulation also occurs during this time, but also intensifies when Satan is unbound.
  7. 7.  The already but not yet.  We presently live in “this age”.  Spiritually we taste “the coming age”.  This view is consistent with the NT teaching:  Two ages, the present age and the age to come.  One judgment when Christ returns.  Practical Consequences:  Victory is ironically achieved through suffering.  An intense tribulation is coming (and might be here).  Christ is reigning now.  Christians look forward to the second coming, which can happen at any moment.
  8. 8. The ChurchThe Church Tribulation Millennium Judgment New Heavens and Earth The Church The Church
  9. 9.  Postmillennialism is the view of the last things which hold that the kingdom of God is now being extended in the world through the preaching of the gospel and the saving work of the Holy Spirit in the hearts of individuals, that the world eventually is to be Christianized and that the return of Christ is to occur at the close of a long period of righteousness and peace commonly called the millennium. (Loraine Boettner, The Meaning of the Millennium, Four Views, edited by Robert G. Clouse, p. 117).
  10. 10.  Summary of view:  Christianization of the world.  Not every single person will be a Christian, but a majority will.  Evil will be reduced to negligible proportions.  Christian principles will be the rule.  Christ will return to a truly Christianized world.
  11. 11. The ChurchThe Church Tribulation Millennium Judgment New Heavens and Earth The Church The Church
  12. 12.  And Jesus came and said to them, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” (Matthew 28:18-20 ESV)
  13. 13.  Matthew 28:18-20, the Great Commission, is not merely a command, but a promise.  “All authority” is viewed that authority with a sweeping conquest has been given to Christ.  Through Christ, the disciples and the Church is empowered to accomplish the aim.
  14. 14.  Psalm 47:2; 97:5 – great king and Lord over all the earth.  Zechariah 9:10 – his rule shall be from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth.  Revelation 7:9-10 – the redeemed cannot be numbered.
  15. 15.  Loraine Boettner notes (in 1977):  The gospel is going throughout the nations.  Christian principles are extending throughout the world in ethics, law, politics.
  16. 16.  They do not examine closely the only place in the Bible that mentions the millennium, Revelation 20.  Does not fit with biblical teachings apostasy, the great tribulation, or the revelation of the Antichrist.  Is the world going in an optimistic direction?
  17. 17.  Believers ruling with Christ in Revelation 20:4- 6  Not ruling on earth.  Refers to souls of believers who have died, in the intermediate state.  No indication of a golden reign on earth.  The pattern of Revelation 20 does not fit the pattern of a golden age before Christ’s return.
  18. 18.  Luke 18:8 – “… when the Son of Man comes, will he find faith on earth?”  When Christ returns, it may be possible that the number of true believers will be very small.
  19. 19.  Christ is ruling.  History is not accidental events.  History has a God directed path.  Already and not yet:  Christians are participating in Christ’s rule.  We look forward to the consummation of history.  Victory is through the cross.  Through Christ’s death and our union with Christ.  Ultimately our death ushers us to the glorious presence of Christ.
  20. 20.  BiblicalTheology: Old and NewTestaments  by GeerhardusVos  Excellent introduction to CovenantTheology and biblical interpretation.  Reformed Forum is doing podcast book study of Biblical Theology.  Paperback and Hardcover
  21. 21.  A Case for Amillennialism: Understanding the EndTimes by Kim Riddlebarger  Excellent case for amillennialsim.  Paperback and Kindle.
  22. 22.  The Bible and the Future by Anthony A. Hoekema  Best book on Amillennialism.  Paperback and Kindle
  23. 23.  The Returning King: A Guide to the Book of Revelation byVern Sheridan Poythress  Excellent short commentary on Revelation.  Paperback
  24. 24.  Triumph of the Lamb: A Commentary on Revelation by Dennis E. Johnson  More detailed commentary on Revelation.  Hardcover and Kindle
  25. 25.  The Book of Revelation (The New International Greek Testament Commentary) by G. K. Beale  Best commentary on Revelation.  Paperback and Hardcover.
  26. 26.  Revelation: A Shorter Commentary by G. K. Beale (Author), David Campbell  More readable edition of Beale’s massive commentary.  Paperback
  27. 27.  Last Days Madness: Obsession of the Modern Church by Gary Demar  Postmillennial  Paperback
  28. 28.  Revelation: FourViews, A Parallel Commentary, Revised & Updated Edition by Steve Gregg (Editor), Robert G. Clouse (Foreword)  Commentary on Revelation based on 4 views.  Paperback