Deep vein thrombosis

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Deep vein thrombosis

  1. 1. Deep Vein Thrombosis NCC Review Day 3
  2. 2. Deep Vein Thrombosis <ul><li>Thrombus or clot formation can lead to thrombophlebitis or thromboemba superficial vein thrombus typically appears as a painful, hard, warm, unusually red vein </li></ul><ul><li>Deep vein thrombosis carries potential risk for clot fragmentation and later a clot becoming lodged in the lungs as a pulmonary embolism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Thrombophlebitis <ul><li>Thrombophlebitis is the inflammation of a blood vessel due to the formation of blood clots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can be superficial – (red and painful) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generally found in veins of the leg, thigh and pelvis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Onset is often rapid with severe pain and swelling </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Thrombophlebitis <ul><li>Signs and symptoms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calf tenderness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leg edema </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive Homan’s sign – pain in calf muscle if foot is flexed upward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be better to check </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Early ambulation is key to prevention </li></ul>

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