Realizing the unique requirement of each district considering its agro climatic situation and disparate socio economic development, schematic interventions for technology promotion and agriculture infrastructure development has to be kept flexible so that the famers of any district can choose what is appropriate for them. We have also reduced the category of schemes broadly in three categories, Strategic like NFSM, ISOPOM looking at production of food commodities that have to be meet the National interest, Agriculture Infrastructure Schemes like Micro Irrigation, NHM and NREGS that build assets for supporting agriculture activities and Thirdly the Schemes like RKVY, MMA relating to general Agriculture Development that work to achieve the required growth rate. These schemes are decided by the States and are intended to take a holistic view of farm level integration of crops and allied sectors like animal husbandry etc.
New initiatives in the context of Agriculture Development Strategy for eleventh plan UPPING THE ANTEDepartment of Agriculture & Cooperation Mukesh KhullarMinistry of Agriculture Joint SecretaryGovernment of India
New Initiatives Strengthening Pulses Production Programs Four pronged strategy on Agriculture Growth in the Budget 2009-10 Agriculture Production Food Processing Credit Reducing Wastage of produce Nutrient Based Subsidy effective from April 1, 2010 (Fertilizers and Chemicals) Rs. 100 crores for ‘Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Yojana’ as a sub component of National Rural Livelihood Mission (Rural Development) Additional Central Assistance of Rs. 1200 crores to Bundelkhand for drought mitigation (Rural Development)
Tax Concessions Modernizing Mandis or warehousing Concessional import duty of 5 % and service tax exemption for mechanised handling of food grains and sugar in Mandis Central excise and service tax exemption to specified equipment for storage and warehousing of agriculture products Promoting Cold chain infrastructure Concessional customs duty of 5 % with full exemption from service tax to setting up of Cold storage facilities and Processing units for such produce. Provide full exemption from customs duty to refrigeration units required for the manufacture of refrigerated vans or trucks Promoting Farm Mechanization Concessional customs duty of 5 per cent to specified agricultural machinery not manufactured in India; Full exemption from excise duty to trailers and semi-trailers used in agriculture. Transportation of produce The transportation by road of cereals, and pulses to be exempted from service tax. Transportation by rail to remain exempt.
Agriculture Development Strategy in the 11th five year plan period
Schemes Schemes Main Objective Salient FeatureRKVY and MMA Agriculture growth Full freedom to States NFSM Food production Strategically targeted ISOPOM Oil seeds production Strategically targetedNHM and TMNE Horticulture End to end programMicro Irrigation Water use efficiency Sprinklers and Drips Small Farm NREGS Water Harvesting Development
Key Challenges Sustained higher production levels of food grains More focused working especially for pulses Regional disparity Widening the food basket Broad basing the risks of crop failure due to climatic variability Rainfed area development Convergence – mechanism for horizontal working? Watershed management – Large scale replication of good models? Risk mitigation for Climatic variability Integrated farming system for diversifying farm portfolio – horticulture, fisheries, dairy etc. Wadi project of NABARD, Livelihood projects of World Bank? Seed Rolling Production Plans for quantity of needed varieties– Seeds Mission? Conservation Agriculture – National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture? Effective innovative weather based Insurance products – savings linked crop insurance? Increased buffer stocks for food grains – grain storage grid? Efficient marketing supply chain Scientific storage and management – fungible warehousing receipts? Processing – private investments, logistics management? Direct marketing – credible contract farming mechanism?
4- pronged Strategy on Agriculture Union Budget 2010 Growth Ministry of Food Processing Ministry of Food and Consumer AffairsMinistry of Agriculture Ministry of Finance
Focus on Pulses and oilseeds Strengthening NFSM Pulses Merger of ISOPOM for pulses with NFSM More funds – about 1000 crores in next two years Accelerated pulses production program (A3P) Block demonstrations of soil nutrient and plant protection centric technology in 1000 units of 1000 hectares compact block each for five major pulses with an outlay of 700 crores Provision for extension staff at unit level Inclusion of Jharkhand and Assam States More funds available under ISOPOM for oilseeds development Integrated development of 60,000 pulses and oilseeds villages in rainfed areas with an outlay of 300 crores under RKVY Watershed management and water harvesting Community tanks Field channels Dry land farming Watershed plus activities for crop development Convergence with NFSM, ISOPOM, NHM, NREGA and NWDPRA
Next Steps for A3P Prepare an action plan as per the guidelines for implementing A3P from April 2010 Identification of beneficiaries and units among villages Preparing unit wise district level plans Ensure supply of gypsum and plant protection chemicals to identified beneficiaries through the designated agencies Engage extension staff for unit level positioning and impart an orientation training KVKs could be actively associated Capacity building for pest monitoring and pest surveillance by NCIPM Modalities for implementing integrated development of 60,000 pulses and oilseeds villages being worked out
Eastern Region Development Additional Rs. 400 crores provided for the agriculture development in Eastern Region comprising of Eastern UP, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Orissa, West Bengal Funds would be released under RKVY. States are expected to prepare an action plan containing the following points Identification of key technologies, constraints in development and inter se priority for implementation for visible impact Situation report on current initiatives, preparation of multi year strategy for agriculture development in sync with the DAPs by pooling the resources from State plan, and convergence with other ongoing schemes Preparation of projects to implement the strategy in a budget proposal worked out by each State Allocation of budget for each State as per the proposal and approval of projects within an overall budget allocated for each State Mechanism for regular monitoring of the progress of implementation of the projects Detailed set of instructions would be prepared in consultation with the States for implementation from the Rabi season
Agri eco Zone wise Regional Strategy Lower Gangetic Plains Region Middle Gangetic Plains Region(WB other than Purulia and hill districts) (Eastern U.P. and Bihar)• Basically a rice mono cropped area • Rice, wheat, sugarcane are the major• Increasing the cropping intensity by crops. However, productivity is low. utilizing Rabi fallows after harvest of • Popularisation of Short duration high Kharif rice by promoting the cultivation of yielding varieties/hybrids of rice. pulses and oilseeds • Promotion of maize cultivation• Diversification of upland rice areas especially in Rabi as it has high which are less productive to suitable potential crops like pulses, oilseeds and millets. • Promotion of early maturing varieties• Development of on-farm irrigation of sugarcane for higher sugar recovery resources through exploitation of ground water potential which is • Development of on-farm irrigation abundant. resources thorough exploitation of ground water potential• Improving subsurface soil drainage • Cattle rearing, poultry, goat rearing and fish farming as an off farm activity.
Agri eco zone wise Regional StrategyEastern Plateau & Hills Region (Parts East Coast Plains & Hillsof Orissa, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh) (Part of Orissa) • Management of rainwater • Rice is the lead crop in this zone. harvesting and storage for However, the productivity is low. increasing crop productivity High yielding varieties for water • Promotion of High yielding logged areas and upland areas varieties/hybrids especially that of needs to be propagated rice • Discouraging the cultivation of rice • Expansion of area under High in marginal lands and diversifying value cash crops and vegetables in favour of oilseeds and pulses • Improvement in seed supply so as • Utilization of rice fallows for to increase the SRR increasing the cropping intensity. • Improvement in productivity of • Rice-fish culture crops in acidic soils through lime • Improving soil drainage treatment
Sum upEmphasis on Pulses through revamped programmatic interventions and prevailing good market price should help in achievement of production targets of pulsesFocus on Eastern Region that has huge potential would help macro level stability of agriculture productionEnabling policies on market development would bring in private investments for value addition to the harvests and efficiency gains in supply chain
New initiatives Better targeting and delivery of services IMPLEMENTATION IS THE KEY Thanks !! firstname.lastname@example.org