Successfully reported this slideshow.

Conservation Agriculture in Haryana, India


Published on

Conservation Agriculture in Haryana India: Past Experiences & Future Plans
Ashok Kumar Yadav, Director General (Agriculture), Government of Haryana, India

Published in: Business, Technology

Conservation Agriculture in Haryana, India

  1. 1. Conservation Agriculture inHaryana India: P E ast xperiences & Future Plans Ashok Kumar Yadav Director General (Agriculture)Government of Haryana, India
  2. 2. Haryana: Agricultural Facts
  3. 3. Achievements in Principal CropsCrop Production (million tonnes) Increase 1966-67 2010-11Rice 0.22 3.47 > 15 timesBajra 0.37 11.85 > 3 timesWheat 1.1 11.63 10 timesFood grain 2.59 16.13 6 timesProductionMustard 0.08 0.94 > 11 timesCotton 0.29 1.75 > 6 times(in million bales)Sugarcane 0.51 6.04 > 11 times
  4. 4. No diversificationMonotonous Soil HealthCroppingSystem Imbalance input use Factor productivity Water intensiveOver-exploitation Tillage intensiveof natural Fuel intensiveresources Labor intensive Poor quality waterResidue Residue burningManagement Alternate option Terminal heatChanging High GHGclimate Abrupt micro- climate
  5. 5. Government Action on Key Issues
  6. 6. Integrating Conservation Agriculture with State SchemesGovernment of Haryana and Government ofIndia Schemes:• National Food Security Mission (NFSM): US$ 7.5 million• Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY): US$ 40 million• National Horticulture Mission: US$ 22.6 million• Accelerated Fodder DevelopmentProgramme: US$ 3.5 million• Other minor schemes
  7. 7. Pathway: Last Milestone Delivery
  8. 8. Conservation Agriculture: Experience to address majorissuesLaser Land leveling- a Water Revolution Benefits: • Saves 20-25% irrigation water • Improves input use efficiency • Improves crop productivity 5-10% • Saves electricity/energy to the tune of 900 units/ha/rice season • Employment generation of 350 man days/machineHaryana Govt. Policies:• Subsidy @ 50% upto INR 50000 per implement• Promote custom Hiring• Demonstration at each District and KVK level• Govt. procurement for custom hiring basis• Training of Laser Leveler service providers
  9. 9. Farm Machinery Promotion: Conservation AgricultureArea to be covered 2011-12 : 0.6 Benefits:mha • Timely sowing of crop • Increase in productivity by 5 to 10% Cost of Machine Rs. 30000/- • Less weed infestation • Saves INR 2000/ha • Irrigation water Saving -15-20% • Improves Soil health • Prevents burning of crop residue thereby reduces pollutionGovt. Policies:• Create CA machinery Banks with Farmer cooperatives in the Blocks;• Reduce/ eliminate incentives from tillage machineryto CA machinery• Create a policy environment that enable farmer to buy quality machines from nearby retail outlets of Haryali, IFFCO, Kribhco Tata Sansar, and KVKs etc. at subsidized rate.• Facilitate development of new implements based on quality and allow open competition in the industry• Introduce new prototypes of cultivator, double disk openers and harrows,
  10. 10. Straw Reaper Benefits: • Converts crop residue into fodder • Avoids burning of stubbles • Collection of additional grain Govt. Policy: • Subsidy @ 50% i.e INR 40000 per implement • Plan to subsidize 1000 straw reapers Benefits:Reaper Binder • Harvesting and binding in single operation • Harvest wheat, paddy, oats, barley and other grain crops of height up to 85 to 110 cm • Field capacity is 1acre/hr Govt. Policy: • Subsidy INR 40,000/- per machine • 500 Reaper binder target for current yearStraw Bailer Paddy, wheat and sugarcane straw baled better storage 2 Bailers purchased by Agril. Department Covered 500 ha. in 2010-11 and target 2000 ha. in 2011-12
  11. 11. Happy Seeder Benefits:  Enables sowing in preceding crop stubles  Avoids burning of paddy straw and environment pollution  Improve Soil fertility  Increases organic matter & water retention capacity of soil Govt. Policy:  Promotion of Happy Seeder from ensuing Rabi 2011-12.Direct Seeded Rice demonstrations in year 2011-12  1000Benefits:  Subsidy of INR 40000 per machine (in plan)• Saves 10-30 % irrigation water• Saves input cost and net incomeGovt. Policy:• 800 demonstrations in next season• Subsidy of INR 7500 per ha provided for the promotion of DSR• Plan to bring 0.3 mha of Basmati rice under DSR• Procuring 500 reaper binder for current yearOther Technologies promotion:• Promotion of relay wheat cropping in standing cotton• Promotion of relay munbean in wheat crop• Promotion of zero tillage in Guar crop based systems• Promote raised bed intercropping system in Sugarcane based systems• Promotion of zero-till system in fodder crops
  12. 12. Rotavator- Misuse What’s heppening ?? Policy reforms• Misused for puddling and • Relocate rotavator planting subsidy to turbo-• Promotes residue burning happy seeder and• Promote broadcasting of multi-crop planters seed & fertilizers • Sensitize farmers and• Creates sub-soil compaction Govt. departments on (hard pan) ill effects of• Consumes more energy, fuel, rotavators reduces tractor life• Temporary water logging at establishment stage, yellowing of crop• Farmers have to apply extra dose of N /P fertilizer
  13. 13. Future Strategies for CA
  14. 14. Future Strategies for CA
  15. 15. C apacity Building and Improving Communication with Extension Agents and Farmers
  16. 16. Research Initiations on CA
  17. 17. Real Time Access to Information – ICTs A Model of CIMMYT glex Help farmers by providing precise and value added information when they need: • New Practices/technologies • Forecasts • Market • Inputs & Services
  18. 18. Innovative Pathways for Technology Adaptation and Dissemination Local ICAR CSISA Hub KVKs Institutes (CIMMYT/ IRRI) CA CA CA modules adopters modules farmers farmers Cooperative Society (Participatory adaption of YoungState Deptt CA technologies, Service windows, Farmer meets, Farmers of Agri travelling seminars, field Forum days) CA CA modules CA adopters farmers adopters Private CCSHAU Sector Media
  19. 19. Farmer Commission Report on CA: Govt. of Haryana By Raj Gupta, ML Jat, RK Malik, YS Saharawat
  20. 20. Thank You website: e-mail : 20