23 25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu technology adoption takashi

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23 25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu technology adoption takashi

  1. 1. Determinants of technology adoption: whatdo we know, and what do we need to learn? CSISA Kathmandu Meeting January 24 (Wednesday), 2013
  2. 2. Objectives of Adoption Studies1. Explain Rationale for CSISA Technologies2. Describe CSISA Activities on Technology Adoption by using Hub-based data a) To describe CSISA activities on technology adoption b) To contribute to data management3. Identify constraints to adoption and evaluate the impacts a) To present ex-ante analyses for scaling-up activities with counterparts b) To provide impact estimations
  3. 3. Key Technologies1. DSR2. Machine Transplanting of Rice3. Zero Tillage Wheat4. Lazar Land Labeling
  4. 4. Major problems in adopting DSR1. Weeding (high labor costs of weeding)2. Limited access to irrigation at the time of sawing3. Access to service providersWhat will we do? Conduct a dis-adoption study among know (i.e., listed) DSR users in UP and Bihar 1. About 300 farmers in UP and Bihar 2. In February – March, 2013 3. May extend the survey to non-listed farmers or move on to another technology, such as Machine Transplanting Rice
  5. 5. List of DSR users at UP Hub DSR users 600 DSR Users who are listed at UP Hub 500 400 300 200 100 0 2009 2010 2011 2012The total number of listed DSR plots is 1,444;The total number of farmer-year is 1283;32 farmers appear more than 2 times, leaving the total number of (distinct)farmers at 1283
  6. 6. 600 Maharajganji 500Number of Listed DSR Users E. Champaran 400 Deoria Kushinagar 300 200 100 0 2009 2010 2011 2012
  7. 7. Farmers who applied DSR in Eastern UP By Year All 2009 2010 2011 2012 Number of rice farmersMaharajganji 17 12 5Deoria 255 24 173 58E. Champaran 112 50 13 49Kushinagar 899 95 173 177 454Total 1,283 95 259 363 566
  8. 8. Expected Outputs
  9. 9. Example of Ex-ante Analysis: Swarna Sub 1 tons/ha Swarna Swarna sub1 5.0 4.5 4.0 3.5 3.0 2.5 2.0 1.5 1.0 0.5 0.0 No Submergence 1 to 7 days 8 to 14 days 15 days & longer Figure 1. Yields of Swarna and Swarna Sub 1 under Submergence in Eastern India Expected Gain from adopting Swarna Sub 1 from Swarna E(Gain) = Pr(S0) x YA0 + Pr(S1-7) x YA1-7 + Pr(S8-15) x YA8-15
  10. 10. Figure 2. Expected Gains (kgs per ha) from Adopting Swarna Sub 1
  11. 11. Timeline 1. Conducting Surveys in UP in Feb 2013 2. Conducting Surveys in UP in early March 2013 3. Quickly produce briefs in April-May 4. One more study before planting 5. Another study after planting
  12. 12. Technology Adoption: Theory of Planned Behavior Opinions of opinion leaders, change Subjective Norm agents, neighbors, etc. Attitude Adoption Profits, yields, etc. Perceived Behavioral Can I adopt the technology? Can I change my farming practices? Control
  13. 13. Examples from Swarna Sub 1 Users and Neighbors I consider myself as a progressive farmer Neighbors Original Users 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5 Other farmers ask my opinions about agricultural technologies Neighbors Original Users 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4 4.5Do psychological constructs affect continuous use of DSR? Can we influencefarmers’ psychological constructs?

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